Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Ground-ivy - Glechoma hederacea   L.
Members of Lamiaceae:
Only member of Glechoma in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Lamiales » Family Lamiaceae
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DistributionFound across the state, but scarce in the southern Coastal Plain and Sandhills. Certainly present in all counties except some coastal ones.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. throughout, except NM, AZ, NV.
AbundanceCommon in the Piedmont, Mountains, and much of the western and central Coastal Plain; scarce in the Sandhills and lower Coastal Plain. This can be a serious pest species in bottomlands and other rich hardwood forests, where it can impact low-growing native spring wildflowers.
HabitatMoist disturbed woodlands, pastures, meadows, yard weed, campus weed, roadsides. Favors rich soils.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting late March-July.
IdentificationGround-ivy is a very familiar weed of both forest interiors and lawns and other rich soil. It is a creeping herb that roots at the nodes. The leaves are evergreen, long stalked, rotund, cordate at the base, the margins with very broad, blunt teeth, almost appearing scalloped. The flowering stems range from 3-8 inches tall/long, somewhat erect, with blue-violet flowers. It can hardly be confused with any other mint.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)Gill-over-the-ground, Creeping Charlie
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieEstablished in backyard, Whispering Pines, April 2018. MoorePhoto_non_natural
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