Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Garden Pea - Pisum sativum   L.Only member of Pisum in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Fabales » Family Fabaceae
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DistributionScattered across 5 counties. Another specimen (Guilford County) was from a garden.

Native of the Mediterranean and Western Asia; in N.A. most states except northern prairies and Rocky Mountain states.
HabitatFallow cropfields, field with Vicia, waste ground, disturbed logging road.
PhenologyFlowering March-May.
IdentificationGarden Pea is familiar to those who grow vegetables. It is annual, sprawling or climbing up to 6 feet long, glabrous, the leaves glaucous and elliptical. Flowers grow 1-5 in axils, the standard and keel rose to lilac, the wings dark purple.
Taxonomic CommentsThis is the plant that was tracked for generations by Gregor Mendel, resulting in the discovery and first description of genetic inheritance.

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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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