Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Proso Millet - Panicum miliaceum   L.
Members of Panicum with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
AuthorL.
DistributionScattered from the Sandhills and lower Piedmont to the Mountains. Likely occurs in other counties. However, it appears that there are very few, if any, truly established and perpetuating populations.

Native of Asia; in N.A. scattered throughout the U.S. and southern Canada.
AbundanceApparently rare and local, but to be expected almost anywhere.
HabitatRoadsides, fallow fields, crop fields, yard weed near bird feeders, wildlife food plot. This is one of the "millet" seeds used in bird seed mixes and also in wildlife food plots.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting July-October.
IdentificationIn NC plants typicaly grow only 8 inches to 2 feet tall. The inflorescence is ellipsoid, composed of many short ascending branches with spikelets 4-6 mm long.
Taxonomic CommentsThe genus Panicum in the broad sense was once very large, but with the split of Dichanthelium in the 1980s, it has been reduced to manageable size. In more recent decades, other genera have been split off: Coleataenia, Hymenachne, Kellochloa, and Phanopyrum, as examples. All 6 of these genera can be readily told from each other in the field with just a hand lens. For a more detailed discussion, see the introductory paragraphs in Weakley (2018).
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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