Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Rough Clover - Trifolium scabrum   L.
Members of Fabaceae:
Members of Trifolium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Family Fabaceae
DistributionThe sole NC record is of plants at a campground at Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Dare County. Photos were taken in June 2018 by B. Finzel and verified by M. Vincent.

Native of Europe; in N.A only AL, NJ, and NC.
AbundanceVery rare. The population is very localized.
HabitatGrassy parking lot at a National Park Service campground.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-?.
IdentificationRough Clover is a small clover with flowering heads held tight in leaf axils. Flowers are white and narrow, the calyx lobes elongate, curved outward, and sharp-tipped.
Taxonomic CommentsTrifolium is a large genus of some 240-250 species globally, mostly north-temperate zone. Most are readily recognized as a clover by their 3 broad leaflets and globular to hemispherical head of densely-packed flowers. Flowers vary from white to pink, and red; the hop clovers have tiny yellow flowers. Some species were introduced for their forage value for livestock, others hitched a ride with hay, packing material, etc. Our two native species -- T. carolinianum and T. reflexum -- have suffered great loss of habitat and are now rare.
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
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Photo Gallery
Brian FinzelCHNS campground at Oregon Inlet, June 2018 DareBILOther_non_natural
Brian FinzelCHNS campground at Oregon Inlet, June 2018. DareBILOther_non_natural
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