Habitats of North Carolina
138 most recent updates
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914914.0Upland Hardwood ForestsRich Montane Hardwood ForestsMembers of this habitat are associated with hardwood forests growing on nutrient-rich substrates. Mo...At low- to mid-elevations, natural communities that support this habitat include Rich Cove Forest (M...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Acer saccharum/Cameraria aceriella) // (Aesculus...2020-11-29 19:59:50
11101.0BeachesOcean Beaches and Sand FlatsThis habitat includes sandy beaches and sand flats located along the outer coast on barrier islands ...Upper Beach (Northern Subtype), Upper Beach (Southern Subtype), and Sand FlatMutualistic and Competitory Symbioses. Nesting Colonies: (Charadrius melodus-Charadrius w...Adult Atlantic Ghost Crabs (Ocypode quadrata) are obligate inhabitants of beaches. Beach hopp...Except for the two Plovers -- which forage as well as nest on beaches -- the other seabirds are prob...2020-11-29 19:18:28
320320.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Wet MeadowsHabitats consist of open or partially shaded, shallow, persistent wetlands occurring in two or more ...2020-11-28 22:14:10
61601.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsGeneral Herbaceous PeatlandsVarious types of peatland habitats occur across the state, from close to the shores of coastal sound...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Sarracenia species/Exyra semicrocea-Papaipema appassion...2020-11-28 21:49:33
1571507.0Lentic HabitatsCoastal Plain Herbaceous Ponds and SloughsThis habitat includes permanent ponds and sloughs in the Coastal Plain that support dense masses of ...Coastal Plain Semipermanent Impoundment (Open Water Subtype), Small Depression Pond (Open Lily Pond ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Myriophyllum species/Parapoynx allionealis) 2020-11-27 12:52:54
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71701.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsWet, Sandy, Fire-maintained HerblandsHabitats maintained by frequent fire were once one of the most distinctive features of the North Car...Wet Piedmont Longleaf Pine Forest, Wet Pine Flat Woods (Typic Subtype), Wet Pine Flatwoods (Sand Myr...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Dionaea muscipula/Hemipachnobia subporphyrea) //...LeBlond, R.J., 2001. Endemic plants of the Cape Fear Arch region. Castanea 66:83-97 Sorrie, B.A.,...2020-11-27 01:54:57
1091009.0General ShrublandsMontane Rosaceous ThicketsThis habitat is the montane equivalent of the General Rosaceous Thickets habitat. Both consist of sp...Successional communities are not included in the Natural Heritage Program classification systemPhagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Rosaceae species/Acleris nivisellana-Ancylis nubeculana...Rankin, W.T. and Herbert, N., 2014. Restoration in the southern Appalachians: a dialogue among scien...2020-11-26 16:54:16
12101210.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensMontane Calcareous Barrens and WoodlandsAll of the Determining Species of this habitat are calciphiles associated with the rare outcrops of ...Calcareous Oak–Walnut Forest, Calcareous Shale Slope Woodland, Montane Calcareous CliffPhagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Arabis species/Euchloe olympia) 2020-11-26 16:37:56
1241204.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensBasic Barrens and GladesThis habitat is associated with rock formations located close to the surface, producing thin, circum...High Elevation Mafic Glade, Low Elevation Basic Glade (Montane Subtype), Low Elevation Basic Glade (...Oakley, S.C., LeGrand, H.E. and Schafale, M.P., 1995. An inventory of mafic natural areas in the Nor...2020-11-26 16:25:46
66606.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsMountain BogsMountain Bogs are open, herb-dominated peatlands and -- as we define them -- have Determining Specie...Southern Appalachian Bog (Typic Subtype), Southern Appalachian Bog (Low Elevation Subtype), Southern...Insects and other invertebrates associated with Mountain Bogs should be special targets for survey e...Murdock, N.A., 1994. Rare and endangered plants and animals of southern Appalachian wetlands. In Wet...2020-11-25 14:08:28
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67607.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsMountain FensSouthern Appalachian Fen (Bluff Mountain Subtype)2020-11-25 13:47:14
63603.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsMontane Herbaceous PeatlandsThis habitat is characterized by peatland species that can occur in both shaded, forest seeps as wel...Swamp Forest–Bog Complex (Typic Subtype), Swamp Forest–Bog Complex (Spruce Subtype), Southern Ap...Murdock, N.A., 1994. Rare and endangered plants and animals of southern Appalachian wetlands. In Wet...2020-11-25 13:35:01
1821802.0General Hardwood ForestsMontane Mesic Forests with Seepages/Headwater StreamsMembers of this habitat include species such as semi-terrestrial salamanders, whose larvae require s...Most of the seepage communities used by this habitat group are small and probably best fit the Low E...Crayfish and other invertebrates associated with montane seeps can be included in this habitat type ...The average Imperilment Score for this habitat group is 4.02, roughly corresponding to an NHP rank o...Burley, L.A., Moyer, A.T. and Petranka, J.W., 2006. Density of an intraguild predator mediates feedi...2020-11-14 21:23:06
1671607.0Lotic HabitatsMontane Perennial Creeks and Small StreamsIncludes smaller perennial streams in the Mountains, ranging from spring runs and headwater streams ...2020-11-14 19:19:48
1611601.0Lotic HabitatsSpring Runs and BrooksSmall, flowing-water habitats ranging from seepage runs to small forested streams2020-11-13 23:24:35
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1071007.0General ShrublandsGeneral Vitaceous TanglesThe tangles of wild grapes that greeted the Vikings and other early European visitors to North Ameri...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Vitaceae species/Acoloithus falsarius-Alypia octomacula...Melanoplus nigrescens, a flightless grasshopper, is frequently found near Muscadine tangles o...2020-10-31 18:48:04
14131413.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsWet Forests and Successional FieldsThis habitat includes bottomland forests and wet successional fields 2020-10-30 01:00:17
89809.0Conifer ForestsMontane Cool Mesic Conifer ForestsIncludes forests composed of Spruce and Fir at high elevations and Canadian Hemlock forests in cove ...2020-10-28 23:29:18
1811801.0General Hardwood ForestsAsh ForestsAshes (Fraxinus sp.), along with oaks, hickories, and maples, are major components of the vas...White Ash is a dominant or important member of the following NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and W...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Fraxinus species-Chionanthus virginicus/Ceratomia undul...Close to 100 species of insects, including a wide range of families and genera, were identified as a...Five of the insect species may be confined to the Mountains and could be split off into a separate h...For a widespread habitat occupied by fairly to highly vagile species, the overall level of constancy...Pautasso, M., Aas, G., Queloz, V. and Holdenrieder, O., 2013. European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) dieb...2020-10-20 14:16:32
319319.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsCoastal Plain Open, Wet HerblandsCharacterized by open, wet conditions and a diverse flora of wetland graminoids and forbs. Includes ...2020-10-12 23:20:26
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39309.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Broadleaf Herbaceous MiresWetlands with emergent vegetation consisting of ferns and forbs; found in at least two of the physio...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Boehmeria cylindrica/Hypena manalis) // (Pilea p...2020-10-12 20:36:56
97907.0Upland Hardwood ForestsRich Dry-Mesic Hardwood ForestsUpland habitats with mafic (or rarely calcareous) substrates; includes both dry ridges and mesic slo...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Cercis canadensis/Erythroneura aclys-Erythroneura fraxa...2020-10-10 14:37:17
1411401.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGeneral Successional Fields and ForblandsThis habitat is defined by species that were originally adapted to rapidly colonizing newly opened l...This habitat does not match any of the NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Ambrosia species/Chionodes mediofuscella-Ponometia cand...Some of the species included in this habitat may prefer either wetter soil conditions or drier than ...Oosting, H.J., 1942. An ecological analysis of the plant communities of Piedmont, North Carolina. Am...2020-10-10 14:18:02
318318.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsCoastal Plain Shallow WetlandsIncludes both open and forested shallow wetlands in the Coastal Plain. Marsh or aquatic vegetation m...2020-09-30 23:25:10
1841804.0General Hardwood ForestsCoastal Plain Wet-Mesic ForestsHabitat includes wet pine flatwoods and wet-to-mesic stands of hardwoods and mixed forests in the Co...2020-09-27 20:01:24
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81801.0Conifer ForestsCoastal Plain Dry-Mesic Pine WoodlandsDefining species are associated with stands of Loblolly or Longleaf Pines growing in flatwoods, sava...2020-09-25 22:52:45
1831803.0General Hardwood ForestsNutmeg Hickory ForestsThis habitat is based primarily on a symbiotic complex composed of just two species: Nutmeg Hickory ...The sole NHP Natural Community (Schafale and Weakely, 1990; Schafale, 2012) that supports members of...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carya myristiciformis/Catocala myristica) No other insect species are known to be closely associated with Nutmeg Hickory or the habitats that ...With only a single known occurrence in North Carolina, no subtypes are definable. Maisenhelder, L.C. and Francis, J.K., 1990. Carya myristiciformis (Michx. f.) Nutt. Nutmeg Hickory. ...2020-09-25 14:37:28
92902.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Mesic Hardwood ForestsHardwood forests with relatively cool micro-climates and high soil moisture. Occurring across the s...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Fagus grandifolia/Dasylophia thyatiroides) // (H...Undescribed forms of both Acronicta and Hyperstrotia may feed primarily or exclusively on Beech (Wag...2020-09-23 16:52:47
927927.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Mesic ForestsIncludes mesic forests that are dominated by either hardwoods or conifers or both. Soil chemistry, ...2020-09-17 11:36:04
926926.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Forests and FieldsDefining Species use both forests of various types and herbaceous fields. Insect members include...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Asteraceae/Eusarca confusaria) // (Cuscuta speci...Brown-headed Cowbirds could be included in this habitat but are considered to be recent invaders in ...2020-09-17 11:26:03
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925925.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Forests and ShrublandsHabitats containing extensive populations of woody plants, including either trees and/or shrubs. Inc...2020-09-17 11:18:55
915915.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Oak-Hickory ForestsMost of the defining members of this habitat are animals that feed primarily on oaks and hickories, ...NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) that contribute to this habitat...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carya species/Acrobasis caryae-Acrobasis caryalbella-Ac...2020-06-18 22:57:07
918918.0Upland Hardwood ForestsLocust Groves and ThicketsThis habitat consists of groves of Black Locust, including rich, mesic coves in the Mountains -- pro...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Robinia pseudoacacia/Chrysaster ostensackenella-Digramm...2020-06-18 15:40:35
84804.0Conifer ForestsGeneral Pine Forests and WoodlandsThis habitat supports specialist herbivores on pines, particularly Yellow Pines. Also included are s...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pinus species/Battaristis vittella-Caripeta aretaria -C...2020-06-15 23:00:24
921921.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Hardwood ForestsDefined by species that occur across the entire range of hardwood forests in North Carolina, includi...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Cornus florida/Antispila cornifoliella-Euthyatira puden...2020-06-14 15:17:02
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10151015.0General ShrublandsGeneral Corylaceous Thickets and UnderstoriesDefining species are associated with hornbeams, hop-hornbeams, or hazelnuts, members of the former f...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carpinus-Corylus-Ostrya/Acronicta laetifica-Baileya oph...2020-05-29 01:09:07
35305.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsShoreline ShrublandsThickets of willows, alders, buttonbushes, mallows and other shrubs growing in shrub swamps or along...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Alnus species/Acrobasis rubrifasciella-Acronicta hastul...2020-05-29 00:40:41
1021002.0General ShrublandsGeneral Upland Heath ThicketsA key factor of this habitat is the presence of shrubby species of the Ericaceae that form dense thi...NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) that contain significant amount...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Ericaceae species/Callophrys augustinus-Acronicta trito...2020-05-26 01:46:43
1081008.0General ShrublandsGeneral Rosaceous ThicketsPlant members are shrubby or small tree species in the Rose family, including Cherries, Plums, Crab ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Rosaceae species/Acrobasis indigenella-Acronicta clares...2020-05-26 01:39:18
43403.0Floodplain ForestsGeneral Wet Hardwood ForestsThis habitat is defined by hardwood species associated with river and stream bottomlands whose alluv...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Betula nigra/Acronicta betulae-Bucculatrix coronatella-...2020-05-26 01:22:35
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1461406.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsPersimmon CopsesThis widespread habitat is based on a symbiotic complex composed of Persimmons and their obligate he...Persimmon is not a dominant in any of the NHP Natural Community types (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; S...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Diospyros virginiana/Coptodisca diospyriella-Hypsoropha...2020-04-25 00:31:35
10131013.0General ShrublandsCeanothus ThicketsThickets of New Jersey Tea and symbionts. New Jersey Tea is found widely across the state in fair...Ceanothus americanus is listed as a regular or important constituent of the following Natural Commun...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Ceanothus americanus/Ancylis semiovana-Apodrepanulatrix...2020-04-22 12:43:55
12121212.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensGeneral Montane Basic Barrens and GladesRestricted to circumneutral to basic soils; associated with both calcareous or mafic substrates. Veg...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Arabis species/Euchloe olympia) 2020-04-18 01:37:21
1471407.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsHoney Locust GrovesThis habitat is based on Honey Locust and its set of obligate herbivores. The distribution and ecolo...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Gleditsia triacanthos/Catocala illecta-Catocala innuben...2020-04-17 00:30:25
12111211.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensPiedmont Slate Belt BarrensAssociated with finely broken fragments of shale, typically found on steep slopes in the Mountains. ...2020-04-16 01:38:45
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1281208.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensGeneral Dry-Xeric Glades and BarrensOpen habitats associated with either sandy soils or thin, weathered soils associated with rock layer...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Comptonia peregrina/Aroga argutiola) // (Tephros...2020-04-16 00:23:23
49409.0Floodplain ForestsCoastal Plain Rich Wet-Mesic Alluvial ForestsFloodplain forests composed of species restricted to areas of rich alluvial soils in the Coastal Pla...One moth species, Eusarca packardaria, has found in the flooplain of the lower Roanoke River (one re...2020-04-12 15:55:39
923923.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Mixed HabitatsIncludes species that are associated with both coniferous and hardwood forests, herbaceous habitats,... 2020-04-10 18:47:04
1211201.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensExposed Rock CliffsThe key factor for this habitat is exposed rock cliffs with isolated ledges, needed as nesting sites...Golden Eagles would belong to this habitat if they ever established a residential population in the ...2020-03-22 01:38:19
48408.0Floodplain ForestsRich Wet Hardwood ForestsForests composed of hardwoods restricted to floodplains with rich alluvial soils. These are widespre...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Acer negundo/Zale galbanata) // (Dichanthelium c...2020-03-18 01:16:05
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929929.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Montane Forests and FieldsDefining Species are associated with both montane forests -- including hardwood and conifer - and mo...2020-02-29 09:10:02
44404.0Floodplain ForestsRich Wet-Mesic Hardwood ForestsMembers of this habitat include plants that require both shaded, humid microclimates and nutrient-ri...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: Acer floridanum-Acer saccharum/Cameraria saccharella-Per...2020-02-23 21:47:52
95905.0Upland Hardwood ForestsRich Wet-Dry Hardwood ForestsHardwood forests growing on nutrient rich soils, ranging from dry mafic and calcareous uplands to ri...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carya carolinae-septentrionalis-Carya ovata/Catocala an...2020-02-23 21:38:56
1061006.0General ShrublandsLaurel ShrublandsThis habitat is based on complex of herbivores and an entire family of plants, the Lauraceae (true L...This habitat intersects a wide range of NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafal...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Sassafras albidum/Caloptilia sassafrasella-Cenopis sara...Best G.S., Fraedrich S.W. 2018. An assessment of the potential impact of laurel wilt on clonal popul...2020-02-18 23:13:08
94904.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Wet-Mesic Hardwood ForestsAssociated with bottomland hardwoods and mesic mixed hardwoods across the state. Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Amphicarpaea bracteata/Macrosaccus morrisella) //2020-02-18 13:47:40
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920920.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Maple ForestsMaples occur across the state, ranging from upland to bottomland to swamp environments. One species,...Phagic and Competitive Symbioses: (Acer species/Acronicta retardata-Argyresthia subreticul...2020-02-02 22:45:30
1421402.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGeneral Successional and Semi-Natural GrasslandsThis habitat includes species associated with the grass stage of secondary succession, as it occurs ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Andropogon and Schizachyrium species/Atrytonopsis hiann...Askins, R.A., Chávez-Ramírez, F., Dale, B.C., Haas, C.A., Herkert, J.R., Knopf, F.L. and Vickery, ...2020-01-30 18:55:14
917917.0Upland Hardwood ForestsChestnut Forests100 years ago, hardwood forests across eastern North America had American Chestnut as one of their m...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Castanea dentata/Argyresthia castaneella-Coleophora leu...Greater Chestnut Weevil (Curculio caryatrypes), Small Chestnut Weevil (Curculio sayi)Gravatt, G.F., 1925. The chestnut blight in North Carolina. In: Chestnut and chestnut blight in Nort...2020-01-20 17:17:04
65605.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsGeneral Wet-Mesic Acidic ShrublandsSpecies associated with wet-to-mesic acidic shrubs, including Lyonia, Leucothoe, and other heaths; o...2020-01-19 19:43:47
42402.0Floodplain ForestsCypress Swamps and SavannasVast swamps, lakes, and ponds dominated by Cypresses (Taxodium species) are hallmark habitats of the...The Natural Heritage Program recognizes eighteen different natural communities or subtypes that cont...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:(Taxodium species/Acronicta perblanda-Coleotechnites var...Other insects that are specialist feeders on Taxodium can be added, as can any plant or other specie...Only a few differences in habitat members appear to exist between the deeply flooded swamps dominate...This map shows the counties for which the NCBP websites currently contain records for members of thi...The two species of Taxodium have been well surveyed in North Carolina. Herbarium records for one or...Based on the presence of high-quality natural community occurrences, the following areas should be p...The average of the Imperilment Scores is 1.66. That is equivalent in value to single species elemen...The table above lists major areas of this habitat (aggregated across county and natural area boundar...Federal Preserves: Dismal Swamp NWR, Currituck NWR, Roanoke River NWR, Alligator R...Habitat Conversion and Exploitation Cypress wood is valued for its rot resistanc...Cypress swamps still exist as large tracts of good quality habitat in North Carolina and the majorit...Restore/Maintain Natural Hydrology Within preserves, plug ditches previously used t...Ewal, K.C. 1995. In Fire in wetlands: a management perspective. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fir...2020-01-13 17:29:03
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10121012.0General ShrublandsGeneral Wet-Dry Heath ThicketsDefining Species are widespread, heath-feeding species that use both wet and dry habitats and that o...(Vaccinium-Gaylussacea/Acronicta tritona-Metarranthis obfirmaria-Pangrapta decoralis-Clastoptera sai...2020-01-12 23:44:50
1031003.0General ShrublandsGeneral Rhododendron Thickets and BaldsDense and extensive thickets composed of Rhododendrons are conspicuous features of acidic coves in t...(Rhododendron species/Graphocephala fennahi-Lyonetia latistrigella-Synanthedon rhododendri)2020-01-10 19:40:13
32302.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsSalt and Brackish MarshesMembers of this habitat are halophilic, restricted to coastal brackish and salt marshes, making litt...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Limonium carolinianum/Palatka nymphaeella) The list of species currently includes only air-breathing animals and vascular plants. Salt and bra...Sanger, D. and Parker, C. 2016. Guide to the Salt Marshes And Tidal Creeks of the Southeastern Unit...2020-01-10 00:50:34
47407.0Floodplain ForestsGeneral Cottonwood ForestsThis group consist primarily of herbivorous species that are specialized on Cottonwoods and Poplars ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Populus species/Acronicta lepusculina-Catocala amatrix-...Ostry, M.E., L.F. Wilson, H.S. McNabb, and L.M. Moore. 1989. A guide to insect, disease, and animal ...2020-01-10 00:47:53
88808.0Conifer ForestsWhite Pine ForestsDefining species are White Pine (Pinus strobus) and its specialist herbivores. Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pinus strobus/Argyrotaenia pinatubana-Empoasca coccinea...2020-01-09 20:54:12
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1531503.0Lentic HabitatsGeneral Beaver Ponds and Semi-natural ImpoundmentsDefining species include aquatic animals associated with open, shallow ponds. Currently,this group i...2020-01-08 14:35:10
1541504.0Lentic HabitatsIsolated PoolsDefining Species include aquatic invertebrates that are found primarily or exclusively in fish-free,...Fairy shrimp, clam shrimp, and other Branchiopods will be included once a website has been developed...2020-01-07 19:39:22
1051005.0General ShrublandsGeneral Cane ThicketsPrior to European settlement, vast treeless expanses covered with our native bamboo -- canebrakes --...In the Classification of the Natural Communities of North Carolina, the term Canebrake is restricted...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Arundinaria tecta-Arundinaria gigantea/Acrapex relicta-...The Dismal Swamp Green Stink Bug (Chlorochroa dismalia) has been reportedly observed in assoc...The vast tracts of canebrakes encountered by Bartram and other early Euopean explorers of the Southe...DeLong, D.M., 1941. The Genus Arundanus (Homoptera-Cicadellidae) in North America. The American Midl...2020-01-07 17:53:08
10221022.0General ShrublandsGeneral Sumac Thickets and Poison Ivy TanglesThickets of sumacs, Poison Ivy, and other members of the Anacardiaceae, occurring in a variety of ha...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Anacardiaceae species/Caloptilia rhoifoliella-Dichorda ...2020-01-05 13:36:31
21201.0Maritime Forests and DunesLive Oak Forests and Maritime Scrub ThicketsThe evergreen oaks, shrubs, and other vegetation, along with their symbionts, are typically thought ...Tidewater communities that provide habitat for members of this guild include Maritime Evergreen Fore...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Cartrema americanum/Palpita maritima) // (Live O...Neoprocris floridana is a Zygaenid moth that feeds solely on Carolina Laurel Cherry, which ma...The average Imperilment Score for this habitat group is 2.82. That roughly corresponds to an NHP ra...2020-01-04 01:58:07
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10201020.0General ShrublandsGroundsel-tree ThicketsThickets of Groundsel-tree, both natural and weedy. Defining Species also include a number of herbiv...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Baccharis species/Bucculatrix ivella-Eusarca fundaria-H...2020-01-03 17:28:03
316316.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Montane FernlandsDefining Species are generalist herbivores on ferns, restricted to the Mountains but occurring in dr...2020-01-02 00:00:21
315315.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Coastal Plain FernlandsDefining species are generalist herbivores on fern species. Found in both dry, mesic, and wet habita...2020-01-01 23:44:17
314314.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral FernlandsDefining species are generalist herbivores on fern species. Found in both dry, mesic, and wet habita...2020-01-01 23:42:59
10191019.0General ShrublandsBayberry ThicketsDefining Species are herbivores specialized on Morella, which are found in maritime forests and scru...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Morella species/Acrobasis cirroferella-Caloptilia flave...2019-12-31 17:04:46
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14101410.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGeneral Coastal Plain Herb and ShrublandsIncludes open, herb and shrub-dominated habitats in the Coastal Plain, combining savannas, flatwoods...2019-12-31 14:34:54
10181018.0General ShrublandsGeneral Holly ThicketsDefining species are general herbivores on Ilex species, ranging from peatland and maritime thickets...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Ilex species/Episemasia solitaria-Ilexia intractata-Met...Fast-tinkling Trigs (Anaxipha tinnulacita) are often found on Hollies, both native and cultiv...2019-12-30 14:41:41
928928.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Montane ForestsIncludes all montane forests, including hardwood and conifer dominated, wet, mesic, and dry 2019-12-30 03:03:39
10171017.0General ShrublandsCoastal Plain Wet-Dry Heath ThicketsDefining Species are associated with heaths that occur in either dry sandhills or wet-hydric peatlan...2019-12-29 22:30:16
10161016.0General ShrublandsGooseberry ThicketsDefining Species are species of Ribes and the herbivores that specialize on them. This habitat occur...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Ribes species/Dysstroma hersiliata-Eulithis propulsata-...2019-12-29 12:41:39
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99909.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Dry-Xeric Hardwood ForestsThis habitat includes dry upland forests composed mainly of oaks and hickories but also including Al...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carya species/Catocala consors) // (Carya toment...Webster, R.P. and Nielsen, M.C., 1984. Myrmecophily in the Edward's hairstreak butterfly Satyrium ed...2019-12-26 17:42:06
924924.0Upland Hardwood ForestsSweetgum Groves and ForestsMembers of this habitat include Sweetgum and its specialized herbivores. Sweetgum is an important...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Liquidambar Styraciflua/Ceratonyx satanaria-Dasychira a...2019-12-22 15:31:20
922922.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral ForestsDefined by species that are associated with forests in general, including hardwoods and conifers, ma...2019-12-21 13:31:41
1481408.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGeneral Apocynaceous ForblandsMilkweeds, Dogbanes, other members of the Apocynaceae, and their insect symbionts are some of the be...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Apocynaceae species/Cycnia tenera-Euchaetes egle-Danaus...Milkweed Longhorn Beetles, Dogbane Beetles, Milkweed Bugs, and a number of other species that are ob...The Queen probably occurs in North Carolina mainly as a migrant, particularly in areas away from the...2019-12-07 13:05:53
1271207.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensHigh Elevation Rock OutcropsExposed rock outcrops at elevations above 4,000', supporting patches of herbaceous plants found only...2019-12-03 16:10:45
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64604.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsCoastal Plain Herbaceous PeatlandsThe Coastal Plain of North Carolina contains an abundance of peatland habitats, associated with the ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Drosera species+Cranberry/Hemipachnobia monochromatea)<...2019-12-02 17:33:20
1561506.0Lentic HabitatsGeneral Herbaceous PondsShallow ponds supporting masses of aquatic plant species with floating stems and leaves. The origina...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Nymphaea species/Elophila gyralis) // (Lemna spe...2019-12-02 17:13:57
312312.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsMontane Shoreline Shrub ThicketsMontane wetland and shoreline shrub thickets Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Willow species/Gypsonoma salicicolana-Macropsis viridis...2019-12-02 11:57:04
87807.0Conifer ForestsMontane Dry-Xeric Pine Forests and WoodlandsMontane pine forests and woodlands growing on dry ridges and rock outcrops Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pinus rigida/Scaphytopius angustatus) // (Pinus ...2019-12-01 15:26:49
10141014.0General ShrublandsNinebark ThicketsRich outcrops and wetlands with thickets of Physocarpus opulifolius. The Natural Communities of North Carolina (Schfale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) lists Physocar...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Physocarpus opulifolius/Eulithis molliculata-Habrosyne ...Both Eupithecia coloradensis and regina have been collected in North Carolina at sites where Ninebar...2019-12-01 13:01:58
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311311.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsCoastal Plain Sedge, Grass, and Rush MiresOpen, shallow, wetlands in the Coastal Plain dominated by graminoids Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carex species/Neonympha mitchellii) b>// (Hymenachn...2019-11-29 19:42:14
919919.0Upland Hardwood ForestsMontane Dry-Mesic Hardwood ForestsMontane oak-hickory forests Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Oak species/Empoa querci-Ossiannilssonola flavomarginat...2019-11-29 12:14:16
1221202.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensMontane Mesic Rock Faces and CrevicesThe defining species of this habitat are associated with cool, moist crevices and overhangs on shade...2019-11-29 00:24:51
1651605.0Lotic HabitatsGeneral Waters and ShorelinesAll but one of the defining species of this habitat are semi-aquatic, using both aquatic and terrest...2019-11-28 15:39:10
62602.0Peatland Forests and ShrublandsCoastal Plain Wet Acidic ShrublandsThis habitat includes a number of co-adapted complexes consisting of various wetland species of heat...This habitat intersects a large array of the NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Sc...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Cyrilla racemiflora/Argyrostrotis erasa-Argyrostrotis f...2019-11-25 23:41:55
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83803.0Conifer ForestsGeneral Cedar WoodlandsThis habitat type is defined by the presence of either Red Cedars (Juniperus virginiana and J. silic...Red Cedars are dominant members of the following NHP Natural Communities: Granitic Flatrock Border W...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Juniperus species/Aethes rutilana-Argyresthia alternate...One orbweaver spider, Araneus juniperi, appears to be strongly associated with Southern Red C...If a sufficient number of species are determined to be restricted to either Eastern Red Cedar or Sou...Lawson, E.R. 1990. Juniperus virginiana L. eastern redcedar. In: Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara...2019-11-19 15:11:11
86806.0Conifer ForestsHemlock ForestsThis habitat consists of stands of both Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) and Carolina Hemlock (Tsu...NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) where Eastern Hemlock is domina...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Tsuga-Picea-Abies/Caripeta divisata-Cladara limitaria-E...Buck, S. L., P. Lambdin, D. Paulsen, J. Grant, and A. Saxton.2005. Checklist of insect species assoc...2019-11-18 20:36:36
85805.0Conifer ForestsWhite Cedar ForestsThis is a small habitat group comprising three species of significant conservation concern. Although...Atlantic White Cedars are the dominant species in two NHP Natural Communities: Peatland Atlantic Whi...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Chamaecyparis thyoides/Callophrys hesseli-Hypagyrtis br...The average Imperilment Score for the members of this habitat type is 2.02, which is roughly equival..."In 1894 cedar was growing on 200,000 acres in eastern North Carolina. Today, less than 10,000 acres...Fussell, J.O.; Webster, W.D.; Hall, S.P.; LeGrand, H.E.; Schafale, M.P.; and Russo, M.J. 1995. Eco...2019-11-18 20:35:33
82802.0Conifer ForestsGeneral Dry-Xeric Pine Forests and WoodlandsMembers of this habitat include species of yellow pines that grow primarily on dry upland sites, alo...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pinus species/Exoteleia pinifoliella-Macaria granitata-...Masters, R.E., 2007. The importance of shortleaf pine for wildlife and diversity in mixed oak-pine f...2019-11-18 20:01:43
12102.0BeachesGeneral River Bars and Sparsely Vegetated ShorelinesSpecies characteristic of this habitat are associated with wet, sandy, gravely or muddy shorelines o...The two NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 190; Schafale, 2012) that intersect this habi...2019-11-18 19:58:34
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1251205.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensFlatrocksFlat,surface exposures primarily of granite and other felsic plutons that accumulate small to extens...2019-11-17 18:54:45
1231203.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensMontane Rock BarrensRock domes and cliffs that have small to extensive deposits of soil, sufficient to support mats of x...Wiser, S.K., Peet, R.K. and White, P.S., 1996. High‐elevation rock outcrop vegetation of the South...2019-11-17 01:42:35
310310.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsMontane Broadleaf Herbaceous MiresMucky seeps and bottomlands, not necessarily associated with sphagnum mats or peatland soils. Often ...High Elevation SeepsPhagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Monarda species/Anterastria teratophora-Pyrausta signat...2019-11-15 18:33:39
34304.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Sedge, Grass, and Rush MiresOpen, shallow, wetlands dominated by graminoids -- often called beaver meadows in the past -- were o...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Sedge species/Amolita fessa-Amolita obliqua-Cosmopterix...2019-11-14 20:00:43
1491409.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsMontane Forblands and Successional FieldsSpecies of forbs and associated species generally found in non-forested montane environments, includ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Chamaenerion danielsii-Epilobium species-Oenothera spec...Crawford, C.J. and Kennedy, L.M., 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of tree encroachment into a so...2019-11-13 17:42:45
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913913.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Montane Mesic Hardwood ForestsThis habitat includes species generally associated with mesic, montane forests, i.e., those that mak...High elevation NHP Natural Communities that contribute units to this habitat type include: Red Spruc...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Montane Betula species/Ancylis discigerana-Bucculatrix ...Almost all of the records for the species associated with this habitat come from the Mountains or ne...2019-11-12 21:13:45
1451405.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGrassy Balds and Montane Semi-natural GrasslandsGrassy balds are one one of the most noteworthy landscape features of the Southern Appalachians, con...Crawford, C.J. and Kennedy, L.M., 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of tree encroachment into a So...2019-11-10 22:10:19
1131103.0High Elevation ForestsGeneral High Elevation ForestsSpecies composing this habitat group are associated with high elevation -- > 4,000' -- forests. Cano...The following NHP community types contribute units of this habitat: Fraser Fir Forest (Herb Subtype)...Haas, I., 2016. Habitat Use of Northern Pygmy Salamander (Desmognathus organi) and Southern Pygmy Sa...2019-10-27 19:25:45
1121102.0High Elevation ForestsSpruce-Fir ForestsThis habitat type comprises Red Spruce, Fraser Fir, and their symbionts. It also includes species as...The following NHP community types include units of this habitat: Fraser Fir Forest (Herb Subtype), F...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Picea rubens/Cydia rana) // (Picea-Abies/Argyrot...Bakuzis, E.V. and H.L. Hansen, 1965. Balsam fir: a monographic review. Univ. Minnesota Press. 444 pp...2019-10-27 19:23:40
10111011.0General ShrublandsMontane Cane ThicketsCane thickets in the Mountains support a number of species not found in Coastal Plain cane thickets ...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Arundinaria gigantea-Arundinaria appalachiana/Apameine ...Hill Cane and any obligate herbivores -- Cherokeea attakullakulla and possibly others -- are ...2019-10-21 13:46:03
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10101010.0General ShrublandsCoastal Plain Cane ThicketsThickets of Switch Cane (Arundinaria tecta) are common features of bottomland forests, peatla...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Arundinaria tecta-Arundinaria gigantea/Apameine new gen...2019-10-21 11:08:45
78708.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsWet, Clayey, Fire-maintained HerblandsComposed of species that are highly restricted to frequently burned savannas located on beds of calc...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Eryngium yuccifolium var. synchaetum/Papaipema eryngii)...2019-10-20 23:41:39
76706.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsLoammy, Fire-maintained Herb and ShrublandsFrequently burned flatwoods and sandhills that possess loammier soils than found in other fire-maint...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Amorpha species/Catocala abbreviatella-Digrammia ordina...Sorrie, B.A., 2011. A field guide to wildflowers of the Sandhills Region: North Carolina, South Caro...2019-10-20 23:31:32
74704.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsGeneral Longleaf WoodlandsLongleaf Pine dominated woodlands were once a major feature of the southeastern Coastal Plains but w...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pinus palustris/Macaria distribuaria-Sparganothis bistr...Sorrie, B.A., 2011. A field guide to wildflowers of the Sandhills Region: North Carolina, South Caro...2019-10-20 23:15:24
72702.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsGeneral Fire-maintained HerblandsThis habitat occurs on sandy soils in the Coastal Plain where open herbaceous ground covers are main...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Pyxidanthera species/Agrotis buchholzi) // (Ari...2019-10-20 23:04:58
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13103.0BeachesGeneral Tidewater Shorelines and FlatsMembers of this habitat occur on both sandy and silty beaches, including those on the sound sides of...Tidal Mud Flat, Salt Flat, Upper Beach (Northern Subtype), Upper Beach (Southern Subtype), and Sand ...Mutualistic, Competitory, and Phagic Symbioses: (Egretta caerulea-Egretta thula-Egretta tr...The gulls and pelican included in this habitat should probably be placed in a separate habitat categ...2019-10-20 17:24:35
73703.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsXeric-Mesic, Sandy Woodlands and ScrubMembers of this habitat include species of oaks (Quercus) that are restricted to sand ridge h...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Psammophytic Oak Species/Acronicta brumosa-Catocala jai...Sorrie, B.A., 2011. A field guide to wildflowers of the Sandhills Region: North Carolina, South Caro...2019-10-20 01:13:46
1551505.0Lentic HabitatsCoastal Plain Still and Sluggish WatersThe flat terrain of the Coastal Plain and plentiful rain water from summer storms creates an abundan...A large number of fish, ranging from Gar and Bowfin to Flier and Blue-spotted Sunfish are characteri...2019-10-17 13:38:16
45405.0Floodplain ForestsCoastal Plain Wet Hardwood ForestsSpecies associated with bottomland hardwoods that are restricted to the Coastal Plain. Includes wood...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Riparian Crataegus species/Catocala aestivalia-Catocala...2019-10-16 16:43:04
1011001.0General ShrublandsGeneral Shrublands and ThicketsThis habitat supports species that reside in the thick cover of shrub thickets, which they use for f...This habitat type intersects virtually all of the NHP Natural Communities and also includes a number...2019-10-09 14:30:04
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93903.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Dry-Mesic Hardwood ForestsCharacterized by species that occur in a wide range of upland hardwoods, excepting xeric, open woodl...2019-09-26 15:39:16
1261206.0Rock Outcrops, Glades, and BarrensXeric-Mesic Sand Barrens and GladesSpecies belonging to this habitat require loose, sparsely vegetated, sandy soils as a primary requir...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Euphorbia ipecacuanhae/Pygarctia abdominalis)Xerophytic lichens, including Cladonia and Cladina species, should be added once a website has been ...2019-09-23 22:05:18
22202.0Maritime Forests and DunesMaritime Dune Grass and ForblandsIncludes all herb-dominated habitats on barrier islands, from the foredunes to the edge of the marsh...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Schizachyrium littorale/Atrytonopsis quinteri); (Hetero...2019-09-23 20:54:29
31301.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsCoastal Freshwater and Low-Salinity MarshesMembers are associated with coastal marshes that are primarily freshwater but with some also occurri...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carex hyalinolepis/Euphyes dukesi); (Cladium jamaicense...2019-09-23 16:33:39
1431403.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsForest-Field Ecotones and GrovesMembers of this group require combinations of woodland edges and open fields; somewhat isolated cops...2019-09-19 01:49:05
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916916.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGum and Tupelo ForestsThis habitat is defined by the three species of Nyssa that occur in North Carolina, along with their...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Nyssa species/Actrix nyssaecolella-Allotria elonympha-C...Low, C., Scheffer, S.J., Lewis, M.L. and Gates, M.W., 2012. The relationship between variable host g...2019-09-18 19:11:58
1041004.0General ShrublandsSweetleaf ThicketsThickets of Sweetleaf (or Horse Sugar) occur in a wide variety of land forms, soil types, moisture r...Symplocos is listed as an important component of the following natural communities (Schafale, 2019):...Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Symplocos tinctoria/Cenopis lamberti-Morrisonia triangula-...A species of Palpita may be monophagous on Symplocos (J.B. Sullivan, pers. obs.)All members of this habitat occur throughout its range in North Carolina: none appear to have specia...Symplocos itself has an odd distribution and range of habitat characteristics. King's Hairstreak, th...2019-09-12 14:29:58
1631603.0Lotic HabitatsPiedmont and General Rocky RiversThis habitat is defined by aquatic to semi-aquatic species that are associated with rivers that poss...Only a single NHP Natural Community (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) intersects this hab...Schwiebert, E., 2007. Nymphs, Stoneflies, Caddisflies, and Other Important Insects: Including The Le...2019-09-08 18:48:50
912912.0Upland Hardwood ForestsGeneral Hardwood Forests with Isolated PoolsMembers of this habitat all require isolated, non-alluvial pools for at least breeding purposes or f...NHP Natural Communities that represent the wetland portions of this habitat type include Upland Depr...Oophila amblystomatis (probably two or more species), which is a group of symbiotic algae that only ...2019-09-08 18:42:32
46406.0Floodplain ForestsCoastal Plain Wet-Hydric FloodplainsAs in the General Wet-Hydric Floodplains, this habitat is defined by species that are restricted to ...2019-09-07 02:22:35
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41401.0Floodplain ForestsGeneral Wet-Hydric FloodplainsThe defining members of this habitat type are species that live within forests growing in bottomland...Leaving out the subtypes, the following NHP Natural Communities contribute habitat for this group: B...Crayfish and other bottomland invertebrates2019-09-05 23:19:14
1441404.0Early Succesional and Semi-Natural HabitatsGeneral Sparsely Settled Mixed HabitatsThis habitat is defined by species -- all predators or omnivores -- that make use of a variety of ha...2019-09-03 12:17:53
1731703.0Marine HabitatsReefsThe NBCP currently has no websites for marine aquatic taxa2019-08-29 01:21:33
1721702.0Marine HabitatsLittoralThe NBCP currently has no websites for marine aquatic taxa2019-08-29 01:21:24
1711701.0Marine HabitatsBeach IntertidalThe NBCP currently has no websites for marine aquatic taxa2019-08-29 01:21:12
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33303.0Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline HabitatsGeneral Cattail and Tall Grass MarshesIncludes species that occur widely in freshwater marshes -- found in at least two of the physiograph...2019-08-25 13:10:32
75705.0Longleaf Pine WoodlandsLongleaf Pine Woodlands with Isolated PoolsThe Coastal Plain of North Carolina is dotted with a wide range of isolated depression ponds. Smalle...Kirkman, L.K., Smith, L.L. and Golladay, S.W., 2012. Southeastern depressional wetlands. Wetland Hab...2019-08-05 16:15:19
911911.0General Hardwood ForestsGeneral Mesic Forests with Seepages/Headwater StreamsMembers of this habitat type are species that depend on seepage wetlands and small, low-order stream...Small seepage wetlands occur in most natural communities dominated by dry-to-mesic hardwoods. Commun...Crayfish and other invertebrates associated with seeps can be included in this habitat type once web...The average Imperilment Score for this group is 1.25, roughly corresponding to an NHP rank of G4 S3S...Seymour, S.D. 2011. Vegetation of Non-alluvial Wetlands of the Southeastern Piedmont. M.S. Thesis. U...2019-07-25 12:56:57