Habitats of North Carolina
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Habitat Type:
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General Shrublands
Montane Rosaceous Thickets
No image for this habitat.
General Description This habitat is the montane equivalent of the General Rosaceous Thickets habitat. Both consist of species in a single family of plants, the Rosaceae, along with their stenophagous and oligophagous symbionts. The main difference between the two habitats is that the Montane Rosaceous Thickets includes species that are much more common in the Northeast, or in some case, in the region west of the Appalachians. Most are adapted to cooler and wetter conditions than prevail across most of North Carolina. At least a few are highly disjunct from their main distribution way to the north and may represent Pleistocene relicts in our area.

As in the more general habitat, the plant members of this habitat include a large number of shrubby species that occupy upland successional habitats, forest edges, and in some cases thickets growing under a forest canopy. The tree members of this habitat follow this same pattern, most frequently found growing around rock outcrops, shrub balds, or forest edges. Fire Cherry in particular appears to be a disturbance-follower, quickly colonizing recently burned or logged-over sites. Some of these species may have originally benefited from the clearing of forests that began with Native American burning and farming practices and accelerated with the arrival of European settlers. Conversely, these species may now be declining due to the abandonment of cultivated lands and pastures and due to the suppression of the natural fire regime.

The habitats of a few species -- particularly the Hawthorns -- need more investigation and if they have requirements for special soil or moisture conditions, they may be placed in different habitats.

For the animal members of this habitat, the presence of Rosaceous species is a key requirement, but not just the ones listed for this habitat but others as well, such as Black Cherry. As in the case of the plants, these species are restricted to the mountains, presumably for climatic reasons, and several also are quite disjunct from the main portions of their range located to the north.

Abiotic Factors
Biotic Structure
Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
Rosaceae species // Acleris nivisellana-Ancylis nubeculana-Bucculatrix pomifoliella-Catocala blandula-Pseudexentera mali
Crataegus species // Catocala dulciola-Catocala miranda
Prunus species // Caloptilia serotinella

Determining Species
Crataegus oreophilaGNRS2S20.03699
Malus coronariaSweet Crab-appleG5S2S3S2S30.01230
Prunus pensylvanicaFire CherryG5S4S40.00041
Eratoneura hartiiRed Apple LeafhopperSNR
Erythridula dowelliSNR
Macropsis dixiensisSNR
Macropsis tristisSNR
Argyresthia conjugellaApple Fruit Moth
Caloptilia invariabilisCherry Leaf-cone Caterpillar Moth
Lithophane oriundaImmigrant PinionG4S1S3S1S30.03699
Catocala dulciolaSweet UnderwingG3S2S3S2S30.01230
Catocala mirandaan underwing mothG3G4S2S3S2S30.01230
Ancylis nubeculanaLittle Cloud Ancylis MothGNRS2S4S2S40.00407
Pseudexentera maliPale Apple Leafroller MothGNRS2S4S2S40.00407
Caloptilia serotinellaCherry Leaf RollerGNRS4S40.00041
Catocala blandulaan underwing mothG5S4S40.00041
Acronicta superansSplendid Dagger MothG5S4S5S4S50.00010
Lomographa glomerariaGray Spring MothG5S4S5S4S50.00010
Acleris nivisellanaSnowy-shouldered Acleris MothGNRSUSU0.00202
Phyllonorycter propinquinellaCherry Blotch Miner Moth, Spotted Tentiform Leafminer MothGNRSUSU0.00202
Crataegus craytoniiCrayton's HawthornGNRS1S10.33330
Crataegus dodgeiDodge's HawthornG4S1S10.33330
Crataegus levisGNRS1S10.33330
Crataegus macracanthaG5S1S10.33330
Crataegus pallensPale-fruited HawthornG1S1S10.33330
Prunus alleghaniensisAllegheny SloeG4S1S10.33330
Prunus munsonianaWild-goose PlumG5S1S10.33330
Crataegus lanceiLance's HawthornGNRS1S2S1S20.11107
Crataegus buckleyi Buckley's HawthornGNRS2S20.03699
Crataegus schuetteia hawthornG5S2S20.03699
Prunus virginianaChoke CherryG5S2S20.03699
Amelanchier laevisAllegheny Service-berryG4G5S3S30.00407
Crataegus brittoniiBritton's HawthornGNRS3S30.00407
Rosa virginianaVirginia RoseG5SHSH
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 28
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 27
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 1
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 27
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 0
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.00000
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 2.68777
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.09955
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 28 x 0.09955 = 2.7874

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
References Rankin, W.T. and Herbert, N., 2014. Restoration in the southern Appalachians: a dialogue among scientists, planners, and land managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-GTR-189. Asheville, NC: USDA-Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 48p.

Updated on 2022-01-01 00:39:00