Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Rock Outcrops, Glades, and Barrens:
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Rock Outcrops, Glades, and Barrens
Xeric-Mesic Sand Barrens and Glades

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Habitat Overview Species belonging to this habitat require loose, sparsely vegetated, sandy soils as a primary requirement. Some are adapted to living in areas completely devoid of vegetation but the majority reside in open, sunny woodlands that have patches of bare sand interspersed with sparse ground cover and woody debris.

Many of the animal species of this habitat are burrowers, constructing either permanent tubes or capable of swimming through the sands. Others are active hunters that pursue their prey across the open barrens. The plant species are all psammophitic and xerophytic, adapted to living in sparse populations under harsh conditions, with high temperatures, little or no available water, and scarce nutrients all routinely experienced. At least one moth species, Pygarctia abdominalis, appears to be an obligate herbivore on the Spurge species found in these habitats. Another species, Elaphria cyanympha, may feed on xerophitic lichens.

This group contains species that are adapted to the driest sandy habitats in the state. Species associated with sandy river bars or other wet sandy habitats are treated separately.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Defining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankImperilment ScoreHabitat Risk Index
Agrotis vetusta - Old Man Dart Moth G5S41.000.2500
Elaphria cyanympha G4S2S32.420.5825
Idaea ostentaria - Showy Wave Moth GNRS2S32.060.5825
Lobocleta plemyraria - Straight-lined Wave Moth G2G4S2S38.870.5825
Pygarctia abdominalis - Yellow-edged Pygarctia Moth G3S2S38.870.5825
Asclepias humistrata - Pinewoods Milkweed G4G5S41.000.2500
Baptisia bracteata - Cream Wild Indigo G4G5SH5.840.9150
Bryodesma acanthonota - Sand Spikemoss G4S2S32.420.5825
Chrysopsis gossypina - Cottony Golden-aster G5S51.000.0000
Cnidoscolus stimulosus - Spurge-nettle G5S51.000.0000
Eriogonum tomentosum - Dog-tongue Buckwheat G4G5SH5.840.9150
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae - American Ipecac G5S41.000.2500
Mononeuria caroliniana - Pine-barren Sandwort G5S3S41.080.3750
Paronychia baldwinii - Baldwin's Nailwort G4S2S32.420.5825
Polygonella articulata - Coastal Jointweed G5SH5.390.9150
Polygonella polygama - Common October-flower G4S2S32.420.5825
Stipulicida setacea - Pineland Scaly-pink G4G5S41.000.2500
Stylisma pickeringii - Pickering's Dawnflower G4S31.750.5000
Trifolium carolinianum - Carolina Clover G5SH5.390.9150
Bulbostylis warei - Ware's Hairsedge G3G4SH6.860.9150
Cicindela nigrior - Autumn Tiger Beetle G2G3S1S217.160.7475
Cicindela scutellaris - Festive Tiger Beetle G5T5S3S40.3750
Cicindelidia abdominalis - Eastern Pinebarrens Tiger Beetle G3G4S3S41.380.3750
Ellipsoptera gratiosa - Whitish Tiger Beetle G3G4S3S41.380.3750
Coluber flagellum
Heterodon simus - Southern Hognose Snake G2S220.610.6650
Micrurus fulvius
Pituophis melanoleucus - Eastern Pinesnake G4S23.330.6650
Geolycosa fatifera GNRSU1.490.3750
Gryllus firmus - Sand Field Cricket GNRS4S51.000.1250
Psinidia fenestralis - Long-horned Locust G5S41.000.2500
Spharagemon cristatum - Ridgeback Sand Locust G5S3S41.080.3750
Spharagemon marmorata picta - Southern Marbled Locust G5TNRS3S40.3750
Sum: 116.06
ENE Value of 8.2000 * (1 - # of S5: 2 / # Species 29) = 7.63
Average of 29: 4.00

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Euphorbia ipecacuanhae/Pygarctia abdominalis)
Candidates for Inclusion Xerophytic lichens, including Cladonia and Cladina species, should be added once a website has been created for them.
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
Updated on 2019-09-23 22:05:18