Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Early Succesional and Semi-Natural Habitats:
« »
Early Succesional and Semi-Natural Habitats
Persimmon Copses
General Description This widespread habitat is defined by the presence of Persimmons. Along with Sassafras, Persimmon is one of the most common woody species in early successional habitats but it also occurs in both dry-to-xeric woodlands and wet-to-mesic bottomlands. Although most often seen as a shrub or small tree, in mature bottomlands, extremely large individuals can be found that project well up into the canopy.

In addition to Persimmon itself, determining species include herbivores that specialize on this species.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: Lower Coastal Plain to High Mountains. USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8. Landform: ridges, slopes, bottomlands, and wet flats. Slope Aspect: occurs on all slopes aspects as well as on ridges and flats. Soil Moisture: Dry to wet. Soil texture: sandy to loamy to alluvial. Soil pH: circumneutral to acidic. Soil Nutrient Content: rich to poor. Microclimate: Warm to cool; humid to dry. Hydrological Features: surface waters are common to scarce. Flood Frequency: transiently to never flooded. Flood Duration: nonexistent to transient. Fire Frequency: common to rare. Drought Frequency: frequent to rare. Insolation: full sun to full shade

Biotic Structure Key Species: Persimmon must be present. Vegetation Type: open fields to closed-canopy forests; all stages of natural succession are included. Woody debris and leaf litter are plentiful in forested examples but sparse in successional habitats

Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
Diospyros virginiana // Coptodisca diospyriella-Hypsoropha hormos-Hypsoropha monilis-Sannina uroceriformis

Determining Species
Agrilus fuscipennisSNR
Diospyros virginianaPersimmonG5S5S50.00000
Sannina uroceriformis Persimmon Borer MothGNRS2S4S2S40.00407
Eumarozia malachitanaSculptured MothGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Exelis pyrolariaFine-lined GrayG4S4S40.00041
Hypsoropha monilisLarge Necklace MothG5S4S5S4S50.00010
Hypsoropha hormosSmall Necklace MothG5S5S50.00000
Coptodisca diospyriellaPersimmon Leaf MinerGNRSUSU0.00202
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 7
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 7
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 0
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 5
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 2
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.28571
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 0.00792
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.00113
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 5 x 0.00113 = 0.00565

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
Updated on 2022-01-02 14:40:53