Habitats of North Carolina
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Members of Early Succesional and Semi-Natural Habitats:
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Early Succesional and Semi-Natural Habitats
General Wet Grasslands
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General Description This habitat includes a variety of wet to mesic, open grasslands, including both natural, successional, and semi-natural examples. Members of the Poaceae are dominant; wetter habitats that have a significant amount of sedges or rushes are included in the General Sedge, Grass, and Rush Mires.

Determining Species of this habitat include species that have a broad range across North Carolina. These include several species of grasses along with one Orthopteran that is found in wet grass-dominated habitats virtually anywhere in the state, from the fen on top of Bluff Mountain to the grassy edges of Patsy Pond in the Croatan National Forest.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: High Mountins to the Lower Coastal Plain. USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8. Landform: restricted to floodplains and wet flats. Soil Moisture: wet. Soil Texture: loamy, silty, sandy. Soil pH: usually acidic due to the build-up of humic acids. Soil Nutrients: generally poor with nutrient-rich examples found only in a few fens. . Microclimate: warm to cool, humid. Flood Frequency: several times per year. Flood Duration: transient. Presence of Pools: both permanent and ephemeral ponds and pools may imbedded withing this habitat. Fire Frequency: uncommon to frequent. Drought Frequency: rare. Insolation: partial to full sun

Biotic Structure Vegetation Type: grassland. Key Species species of graminoids are the dominant plant species in this habitat; forbs may also be present, but like woody species, occur only as scattered individuals or patches. Strata: some examples occur in wet, open woodlands but usually where there is no significant subcanopy or shrub layer. Woody Debris and Leaf Litter: dead leaves of the graminoids often accumulate to form dense thatch

Co-evolved Species Groups
Determining Species
Atrytone byssus
Tripsacum dactyloidesNorthern Gamagrass
Glyceria septentrionalisFloating Manna-grassG5S3S30.00407
Alopecurus carolinianusTufted FoxtailG5S4S40.00041
Andropogon glomeratusBushy BluestemG5S5S50.00000
Andropogon tenuispatheusa BluestemG5S5S50.00000
Cinna arundinaceaStout Wood Reed-grassG5S5S50.00000
Dichanthelium microcarponSmall-fruited WitchgrassGNRS5S50.00000
Dichanthelium scopariumVelvet Witch Grass, Broom Panic GrassG5S5S50.00000
Panicum dichotomiflorumSpreading PanicgrassG5S5S50.00000
Haimbachia placidellaPeppered Haimbachia Moth
Helcystogramma melanocarpaa Twirler Moth
Leucanopsis longaLong-Streaked Tussock Moth
Neodactria luteolellusMottled Grass-veneer
Xubida panalopea crambid moth
Allonemobius sociusSouthern Ground CricketGNRS5S50.00000
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 9
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 9
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 0
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 2
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 7
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.77778
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 0.00448
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.00050
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 2 x 0.0005 = 0.001

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
Updated on 2022-01-02 12:18:15