Habitats of North Carolina
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Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline Habitats
Salt and Brackish Marshes
No image for this habitat.
Habitat Overview Members of this habitat are halophilic, restricted to coastal brackish and salt marshes, making little or no use of freshwater habitats.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
BIRDS
Ammospiza maritima - Seaside Sparrow G4S40.0007
Rallus crepitans - Clapper Rail G5S40.0007
HEMIPTERAN HOPPERS
Amplicephalus littoralis G4G5S3S40.0020
Aphelonema simplex G4G5S3S40.0020
Destria bisignata
Keyflana hasta G4G5S3S40.0020
Neomegamelanus elongatus G4G5S3S40.0020
Neomegamelanus spartini G4G5S3S40.0020
Paraphlepsius fuscipennis G4G5S3S40.0020
Prokelisia crocea G4G5S3S40.0020
Prokelisia marginata G4G5S3S40.0020
Sanctanus aestuarium G3G4S3S40.0020
Spartidelphax detectus G4G5S3S40.0020
Spartidelphax penedetectus G4G5S3S40.0020
Tumidagena propinqua G4G5S3S40.0020
Tumidagena terminalis G4G5S3S40.0020
FORBS
Borrichia frutescens - Sea Oxeye G5S40.0007
Symphyotrichum subulatum - Annual Saltmarsh Aster G5S3S40.0020
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium - Perennial Saltmarsh Aster G5S30.0058
ORTHOPTERANS
Conocephalus nigropleuroides - Tidewater Meadow Katydid GNRSH0.00
Conocephalus spartinae - Saltmarsh Meadow Katydid GNRS2S40.0058
Neoconocephalus melanorhinus - Black-Nosed Conehead GNRSH0.00
Orchelimum fidicinium - Seaside Meadow Katydid GNRS3S40.0020
GRAMINOIDS
Distichlis spicata - Seashore Saltgrass G5S40.0007
Juncus roemerianus - Black Needlerush G5S50.00
Sporobolus alterniflorus -
MOTHS
Doryodes fusselli - Fussell's Doryodes G2G4S2S40.0058
Doryodes spadaria - Dull Doryodes Moth GNRS3S40.0020
Palatka nymphaeella GNRS3S40.0020
Photedes enervata G4SU0.0020
ODONATES
Erythrodiplax berenice - Seaside Dragonlet G5S50.00
SHRUBS
Iva frutescens - Bigleaf Marsh-elder G5S40.0007
Limonium carolinianum - Carolina Sea-lavender G5S40.0007
TURTLES
Malaclemys terrapin - Diamondback Terrapin G4S30.0058
SNAKES
Nerodia sipedon williamengelsi - Carolina Watersnake T3S30.0058
BUTTERFLIES
Panoquina panoquin - Salt Marsh Skipper G5S40.0007
Poanes aaroni - Aaron's Skipper G4S10.3584
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.4225
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 30
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0141
Number of S5 species = 2
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 0.0667
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = 0.3943

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Limonium carolinianum/Palatka nymphaeella)

Candidates for Inclusion The list of species currently includes only air-breathing animals and vascular plants. Salt and brackish marshes, however, are habitat for vast numbers of fish, invertebrates, and algae. As new taxonomic websites are developed for these groups, this list will expand greatly. Periwinkles, Fiddler Crabs, Marsh Crabs, and Killifish would all be obvious candidates.
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Distribution
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
References Sanger, D. and Parker, C. 2016. Guide to the Salt Marshes And Tidal Creeks of the Southeastern United States. Southeastern Regional Taxonomic Center Marine Resources Research Institute; South Carolina Department of Natural. Accessible online at: https://www.saltmarshguide.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/SaltMarshTidalCreekGuide.pdf
Updated on 2020-01-10 00:50:34