Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
   
Members of Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline Habitats:
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Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline Habitats
Salt and Brackish Marshes
General Description Members of this habitat are halophilic, restricted to coastal brackish and salt marshes, making little or no use of freshwater habitats.

Abiotic Factors
Biotic Structure
Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
Limonium carolinianum // Palatka nymphaeella

Determining Species
sciNamecomNameg_ranks_rankmod_s_rankprob_of_extirpation
BIRDS
Ammospiza maritimaG4S4S40.00041
Rallus crepitansClapper RailG5S4S40.00041
BUTTERFLIES
Poanes aaroniAaron's SkipperG4S1S10.33330
Panoquina panoquinSalt Marsh SkipperG5S4S40.00041
FORBS
Symphyotrichum tenuifoliumPerennial Salt-marsh AsterG5S3S30.00407
Symphyotrichum subulatumEastern Salt-marsh AsterG5S3S4S3S40.00132
Borrichia frutescensSea OxeyeG5S4S40.00041
GRAMINOIDS
Distichlis spicataSeashore SaltgrassG5S4S40.00041
Juncus roemerianusBlack Needle Rush, Roemer's RushG5S5S50.00000
Sporobolus alterniflorusG5S5S50.00000
HEMIPTERAN HOPPERS
Amplicephalus littoralisG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Aphelonema simplexG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Destria bisignataS3S40.00132
Keyflana hastaG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Neomegamelanus elongatusG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Neomegamelanus spartiniG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Paraphlepsius fuscipennisG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Prokelisia croceaG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Prokelisia marginataG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Sanctanus aestuariumG3G4S3S4S3S40.00132
Spartidelphax detectusG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Spartidelphax penedetectusG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Tumidagena propinquaG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Tumidagena terminalisG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
MOTHS
Doryodes fusselli Fussell's DoryodesG2G4S2S4S2S40.00407
Doryodes spadariaDull Doryodes MothGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Palatka nymphaeellaGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Photedes enervataA Noctuid MothG4SUSU0.00202
ODONATES
Erythrodiplax bereniceSeaside DragonletG5S5S50.00000
ORTHOPTERANS
Conocephalus spartinaeSaltmarsh Meadow KatydidGNRS2S4S2S40.00407
Orchelimum fidiciniumSeaside Meadow KatydidGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Conocephalus nigropleuroidesTidewater Meadow KatydidGNRSHSH
Neoconocephalus melanorhinusBlack-nosed ConeheadGNRSHSH
SHRUBS
Iva frutescensBig-leaf Marsh-elderG5S4S40.00041
Limonium carolinianumSea-lavenderG5S4S40.00041
SNAKES
Nerodia sipedon williamengelsiCarolina Water SnakeT3S3S30.00407
TURTLES
Malaclemys terrapinDiamondback TerrapinG4S3S30.00407
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 37
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 35
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 2
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 32
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 3
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.08571
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 0.38230
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.01092
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 34 x 0.01092 = 0.37128

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Distribution
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
References Sanger, D. and Parker, C. 2016. Guide to the Salt Marshes And Tidal Creeks of the Southeastern United States. Southeastern Regional Taxonomic Center Marine Resources Research Institute; South Carolina Department of Natural. Accessible online at: https://www.saltmarshguide.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/SaltMarshTidalCreekGuide.pdf
Updated on 2022-01-01 00:02:19