Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline Habitats:
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Marshes, Mires, and Shoreline Habitats
General Cattail and Tall Grass Marshes
Habitat Overview Includes species that occur widely in freshwater marshes -- found in at least two of the physiographic provinces of the state. Includes all species that occur in the Piedmont, but excludes species associated with freshwater marshes that are restricted to the Coastal Plain or the Mountains. Some of these species that occur in the Tidewater Region makes some use of brackish marshes but do not occur in salt marshes.

Often co-occurs with Willows and other woody species, but those are treated as a separate habitat, Shoreline Shrublands. Sedge meadows and other low-herbaceous mires are also treated separately.
Related NHP Natural Communities
Defining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankImperilment ScoreHabitat Risk Index
Agelaius phoeniceus - Red-winged Blackbird G5S51.000.0000
Ixobrychus exilis - Least Bittern G5S2S32.060.5825
Rallus elegans - King Rail G4S31.750.5000
Bellura obliqua - Cattail Borer G5S4S51.000.1250
Capsula oblonga - Oblong Sedge Borer G5S3S51.000.2500
Scirpus cyperinus - Woolgrass Bulrush G5S51.000.0000
Scirpus georgianus - Georgia Bulrush G5S22.840.6650
Zizaniopsis miliacea - Southern Wild-rice G5S31.490.5000
Typha latifolia - Broadleaf Cattail G5S51.000.0000
Sum: 13.14
ENE Value of 2.6225 * (1 - # of S5: 3 / # Species 9) = 1.75
Average of 9: 1.46

Candidates for Inclusion
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
Updated on 2019-08-25 13:10:32