Habitats of North Carolina
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Floodplain Forests
Coastal Plain Wet-Hydric Forests
No image for this habitat.
General Description Like the General Wet-Hydric Floodplains, this habitat comprises bottomlands, swamps, and the forested edges of lakes and impoundments, but in this case includes only those that occur within the Coastal Plain. The mild winters, slow-moving waters, poorly drained, and often acidic and nutrient poor soils are probably additional factors that limit the Determining Species to this region.

Plant species restricted to this habitat include primarily the few species that can grow in both swamps and bottomlands. They are highly tolerant of flooding but can also grow in the wet but not permanently flooded soils of the bottomlands

Animal species include the herbivores that specialize on the plants included in this habitat. Also included are predatory species that either require semi-permanent pools for breeding or for adult habitat or that feed primarily on prey species that require pools or slow-flowing waters.

This habitat is similar to the General Wet-Hydric Forests but the Determining Species are limited to the Coastal Plain, due to climate, soil types, or landforms.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: Fall Zone to Lower Coastal Plain. USDA Hardiness Zones: 7b-8. Landform: restricted to floodplains and wet flats. Soil Moisture: wet to hydric. Soil Texture: alluvial/loamy to silty. Soil pH: acidic to circumneutral -- includes blackwater as well as brownwater floodplains. Soil Nutrients: poor to rich. Microclimate: warm to cool, humid. Flood Frequency: annual to several times per year. Flood Duration: weeks to months or permanent. Presence of Pools: common to abundant year-round. Fire Frequency: extremely rare. Drought Frequency: extremely rare. Ice Storm Damage: low to moderate. Wind Storm Damage: moderate (windthrows are common). Insolation: the canopy is well-insolated, lower strata are deeply shaded.

Biotic Structure Vegetation Type: Closed-canopy forests composed of hardwoods and Cypress species. Strata: Subcanopy hardwoods are present but shrub and herb layer are sparse to absent; only species that are tolerant of flooding are included in this habitat. Organic Shelter, Foraging, and Nesting Structures: fallen logs are common; leaf litter is submerged for extensive periods in swamps and species that depend on dry leaf litter are treated in other habitats.

Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
Coastal Plain Wet-hydric Hawthorns // Catocala aestivalia-Catocala lincolnana

Determining Species
sciNamecomNameg_ranks_rankmod_s_rankprob_of_extirpation
BIRDS
Ictinia mississippiensisMississippi KiteG5S3S30.00407
CONIFERS
Taxodium distichumBald CypressG5S5S50.00000
FROGS
Pseudacris brimleyiBrimley's Chorus FrogG5S4S40.00041
GRAMINOIDS
Carex giganteaLarge Sedge
HARDWOODS
Nyssa aquaticaWater-tupeloG5S4S40.00041
Populus heterophyllaSwamp CottonwoodG5S4S40.00041
MAMMALS
Myotis austroripariusSoutheastern BatG4S2S20.03699
Corynorhinus rafinesquii macrotisRafinesque's Big-eared Bat - CP subspeciesG3G4S3S30.00407
Peromyscus gossypinusCotton MouseG5S5S50.00000
MOTHS
Catocala lincolnanaLincoln UnderwingG3G4S2S3S2S30.01230
Zanclognatha atrilineellaGUS2S3S2S30.01230
Catocala aestivaliaGNRS2S4S2S40.00407
Tripudia flavofasciataGNRSUSU0.00202
ODONATES
Coryphaeschna ingensRegal DarnerG5S2S3S2S30.01230
Triacanthagyna trifidaPhantom DarnerG5SHSH
SALAMANDERS
Desmognathus auriculatusSouthern Dusky SalamanderG4S5S50.00000
SHRUBS
Crataegus aestivalisMay HawthornG5S2S20.03699
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 16
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 15
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 1
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 12
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 3
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.20000
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 0.12634
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.00842
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 13 x 0.00842 = 0.10946

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Distribution
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
References
Updated on 2022-02-04 16:31:43