Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Mesic Hardwood Forests
Habitat Overview Hardwood forests with relatively cool micro-climates and high soil moisture. Occurring across the state on north- and east-facing slopes that do not receive full insolation during the warmest part of the day. They also occur in ravines along streams and in the higher, infrequently flooded terraces along larger streams and rivers. In the Mountains, these conditions are generally present in all hardwood forests located above 4,000'. This habitat is the most generalized of the mesic hardwood habitats, occurring across the state and associated with both loammy and sandy soils, with moderately low to moderately high pH.

Species belonging to this habitat are relatively intolerant of both fire and flooding and are sensitive to drought and high temperatures.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Acronicta tristis GNRS3S40.0020
Amorpha juglandis - Walnut Sphinx G5S50.000000000
Besma endropiaria - Straw Besma Moth G5S50.000000000
Callosamia angulifera - Tulip-tree Silkmoth G5S50.000000000
Dasylophia thyatiroides - Gray-patched Prominent G5S4S50.0002
Ecliptopera atricolorata - Dark-banded Geometer Moth GNRS3S40.0020
Ethmia trifurcella GNRSU0.0020
Euzophera ostricolorella - Root Collar Borer Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Hydriomena pluviata - Sharp Green Hydriomena Moth G4S3S40.0020
Oneida lunulalis - Orange-tufted Oneida Moth GNRS40.0007
Paralobesia liriodendrana - Tulip-tree Leaftier Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Phyllocnistis liriodendronella GNRS4S50.0002
Zanclognatha laevigata - Variable Zanclognatha Moth G5S4S50.0002
Andersonglossum virginianum - Wild Comfrey G5S30.0058
Aplectrum hyemale - Puttyroot G5S40.0007
Epifagus virginiana - Beechdrops G5S50.000000000
Galium circaezans - Licorice Bedstraw G5S50.000000000
Hepatica americana - Round-lobed Hepatica G5S50.000000000
Stellaria pubera - Star Chickweed G5S50.000000000
Thalictrum thalictroides - Rue Anemone G5S50.000000000
Zizia trifoliata - Mountain Golden-Alexanders G5S50.000000000
Crataegus calpodendron - Pear Hawthorn G5SH
Hydrangea arborescens - Smooth Hydrangea G5S50.000000000
Fagus grandifolia - American Beech G5S50.000000000
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tuliptree G5S50.000000000
Quercus rubra - Northern Red Oak G5S50.000000000
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0167
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 12
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0014
Number of S5 species = 13
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 1.0833
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0014

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Fagus grandifolia/Dasylophia thyatiroides) // (Hydrangea species/Ecliptopera atricolorata) // (Liriodendron tulipifera/Callosamia angulifera-Euzophera ostricolorella-Phyllocnistis liriodendronella) // (Magnoliaceae species/Paralobesia liriodendrana)

Candidates for Inclusion Undescribed forms of both Acronicta and Hyperstrotia may feed primarily or exclusively on Beech (Wagner et al., 2011). Beech Blight Aphids (Grylloprociphilus imbricator) are a conspicuous species on Beech and should be included within this habitat
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
Updated on 2020-09-23 16:52:47