Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
« »
Upland Hardwood Forests
Rich Wet-Dry Hardwood Forests
General Description This is the habitat associated with nutrient-rich, high pH soils that has the widest tolerance for moisture conditions, ranging from dry mafic and calcareous uplands to rich, wet alluvial forests. This habitat is widespread, with occurrences in all three of the state's physiographic provinces. Other habitats associated with rich soils occupy a narrower range of moisture conditions, although they can extensively intersect with this general habitat fairly extensively.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: Lower Coastal Plain to High Mountains. USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8. Landform: ridges, slopes, bottomlands, and wet flats. Slope Aspect: occurs on all slopes aspects as well as on ridges and flats. Soil Moisture: Dry to wet. Soil texture: loamy to alluvial. Soil pH: circumneutral. Soil Nutrient Content: rich in mafic or calcareous minerals.Microclimate: Warm and dry to cool and humid. Hydrological Features: springs and seeps are common, particularly at the interface between slopes and bottomlands. Flood Frequency: ridges and upper slopes usually never flood but lower slopes and bottomlands may flood several times per year. Flood Duration: hours to days in the bottomlands and lower slopes. Fire Frequency: occasional on ridges and upper slopes, rare in bottomlands Drought Frequency: occasional on upper slopes, rare in bottomlands. Ice Storm Damage: low to moderate. Wind Storm Damage: moderate. Insolation: canopies are well insolated, lower strata are deeply shaded.

Biotic Structure Vegetation Type: closed-canopy forest composed of broadleaf, deciduous trees. Strata: Subcanopy, shrub, and herb-layers are well developed. Shelter: Woody debris and leaf litter are plentiful except in flood channels or other areas frequently scoured by floods.

Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
Carya carolinae-septentrionalis-Carya ovata // Catocala angusi-Catocala obscura-Catocala residua-Catocala robinsonii
Celtis species // Acronicta rubricoma-Asterocampa celtis-Asterocampa clyton-Clastoptera laevigata-Epinotia celtisana-Heliria gibberata-Heterocampa subrotata-Isogona tenuis-Libytheana carinenta-Norape ovina-Phyllonorycter celtifoliella-Phyllonorycter celtisella-Sciota celtidell
Rutaceae species // Papilio cresphontes

Determining Species
Heraclides cresphontesEastern Giant SwallowtailG5S2S3S2S30.01230
Asterocampa clytonTawny EmperorG5S4S40.00041
Asterocampa celtisHackberry EmperorG5S5S50.00000
Libytheana carinentaAmerican SnoutG5S5S50.00000
Cubelium concolorGreen-violetG5S3S30.00407
Aquilegia canadensisWild ColumbineG5S4S40.00041
Pachypsylla venustaHackberry Petiole Gall Psyllid, Hackberry Blistergall PsyllidSNR
Celtis occidentalisMountain HackberryG5S2S20.03699
Celtis smalliiSmall’s HackberryGNRS4S40.00041
Clastoptera laevigataSNR
Heliria gibberataSNR
Acrobasis ostryellaGNRSUS1S30.03699
Phyllonorycter celtifoliellaGNRSUS2S30.01230
Acronicta interruptaInterrupted DaggerG5S3S4S3S40.00132
Acronicta rubricomaRuddy DaggerG4S3S4S3S40.00132
Catocala angusian underwing mothG4S3S4S3S40.00132
Catocala obscuraObscure UnderwingG5S3S4S3S40.00132
Catocala residuaan underwing mothG5S3S4S3S40.00132
Catocala robinsoniiRobinson's UnderwingG4S3S4S3S40.00132
Ceratomia amyntorElm Sphinx, Four-horned Sphinx (larva)G5SUS3S40.00132
Epinotia celtisanaGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Heterocampa subrotataSmall HeterocampaG4G5S3S4S3S40.00132
Isogona tenuisThin-lined OwletG4S3S4S3S40.00132
Phyllonorycter celtisellaGNRSUS3S40.00132
Sciota celtidellaa pyralid mothGNRS3S4S3S40.00132
Acronicta vinnulaDelightful DaggerG5S4S40.00041
Olethreutes mysterianaMysterious Olethreutes MothSNR
Ptelea trifoliataWafer-ashG5S3S30.00407
Nr = Number of Ranked Species = 24
Ner = Number of Extant, Ranked Species = 24
Nv = Number of Historic and Extirpated Species = 0
Nar = Number of Species at Risk of Extirpation (State rank > S5) = 22
Nss = Number of Secure Species (State Rank = S5) = 2
Pss = Proportion of Secure Species (Nss/Ner) = 0.08333
ENE = Expected Number of Extirpations (Sum of PE) = 0.12420
Average PE (ENE/Ner) = 0.00518
Habitat Risk Index = (Nar+Nv) x Average PE = 22 x 0.00518 = 0.11396

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Risk to the Co-evolved Species Groups
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
Updated on 2021-12-16 01:51:29