Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Oak-Hickory Forests
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Habitat Overview Most of the defining members of this habitat are animals that feed primarily on oaks and hickories, and that are found across the state in a variety of upland and lowland settings wherever members of the Quercus or Carya genera are found. Only a few of the plant species, however, are included in this group since most of them have more restricted habitat associations.

Related NHP Natural Communities NHP Natural Communities (Schafale and Weakley, 1990; Schafale, 2012) that contribute to this habitat include the following (leaving out the subtypes): Rich Cove Forest, Acidic Cove Forest, Mesic Mixed Hardwood Forest, Basic Mesic Forest, Piedmont/Coastal Plain Heath Bluff, Cape Fear Valley Mixed Bluff Forest, Pine–Oak / Heath, Southern Mountain Pine–Oak Forest, Southern Mountain Xeric Pine–Oak Woodland, High Elevation Red Oak Forest, High Elevation White Oak Forest, Chestnut Oak Forest, Montane Oak–Hickory Forest, Low Montane Red Oak Forest, Calcareous Oak–Walnut Forest, Dry-Mesic Oak–Hickory Forest, Dry-Mesic Oak-Hickory Forest, Dry Oak–Hickory Forest, Dry-Mesic Basic Oak–Hickory Forest, Dry Basic Oak–Hickory Forest, Piedmont Monadnock Forest, Mixed Moisture Hardpan Forest, Swamp Island Evergreen Forest, Maritime Evergreen Forest, Maritime Deciduous Forest, Coastal Fringe Evergreen Forest, Calcareous Coastal Fringe Forest, Marsh Hammock, Coastal Fringe Shell Woodland, Pine/Scrub Oak Sandhill, Brownwater Levee Forest Blackwater Levee/Bar Forest, Brownwater Bottomland Hardwoods, Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods, Montane Alluvial Forest, Montane Floodplain Slough Forest, Piedmont Alluvial Forest, Piedmont Headwater Stream Forest, Piedmont Levee Forest, Piedmont Bottomland Forest, Nonriverine Wet Hardwood Forest, Wet Marl Forest
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Acrobasis caryae - Hickory Shoot Borer Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Acrobasis caryaevorella - Hickory Shoot Moth GNRSU0.0020
Acrobasis caryalbella GNRS3S40.0020
Acrobasis elyi GNRSU0.0020
Acrobasis exsulella - Cordovan Pyralid Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Acrobasis minimella GNRS3S50.0007
Acrobasis stigmella GNRS3S40.0020
Acrobasis tumidulella GNRS3S50.0007
Acrocercops albinatella GNRSU0.0020
Acronicta afflicta - Afflicted Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta exilis - Exiled Dagger G4S40.0007
Acronicta immodica - Medium Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta increta - Southern Oak Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta lobeliae - Greater Oak Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta modica - Hesitant Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta ovata - Ovate Dagger G5S4S50.0002
Anisota senatoria - Orange-tipped Oakworm Moth G5S40.0007
Anisota stigma - Spiny Oakworm Moth G5S50.00
Anisota virginiensis - Pink-striped Oakworm Moth G5S50.00
Antaeotricha humilis - Dotted Anteotricha Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Antaeotricha osseella GNRSH0.00
Antaeotricha schlaegeri - Schlaeger's Fruitworm Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Arogalea cristifasciella - Stripe-backed Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Blastobasis glandulella - Acorn Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Bucculatrix ainsliella - Oak Skeletonizer Moth GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria caryaefoliella - Pecan Leafminer Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Cameraria castaneaeella GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria cincinnatiella - Gregarious Oak Leafminer Moth GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria conglomeratella GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria fletcherella GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria hamadryadella - Solitary Oak Leafminer Moth GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria quercivorella GNRSU0.0020
Catastega timidella - Oak Trumpet Skeletonizer Moth GNRS3-S4
Catocala amica - Girlfriend Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala coccinata - Scarlet Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala connubialis - Connubial Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala dejecta - Dejected Underwing G4S40.0007
Catocala epione - Epione Underwing G5S50.00
Catocala flebilis - Mourning Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala ilia - Ilia Underwing G5S50.00
Catocala insolabilis - Inconsolable Underwing G5S3S40.0020
Catocala lacrymosa - Tearful Underwing G5S4S50.0002
Catocala lineella - Little Lined Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala micronympha - Little Nymph Underwing G5S4S50.0002
Catocala palaeogama - Oldwife Underwing G5S40.0007
Catocala sappho - Sappho Underwing G4SU0.0020
Catocala umbrosa - Umber Underwing G5SU0.0020
Catocala vidua - Widow Underwing G5S4S50.0002
Cissusa spadix - Black-dotted Brown Moth G4S40.0007
Coleotechnites quercivorella GNRS4S50.0002
Coptodisca lucifluella GNRSU0.0020
Coptotriche badiiella GNRSU0.0020
Coptotriche castaneaeella GNRSU0.0020
Coptotriche citrinipennella GNRS4S50.0002
Coptotriche fuscomarginella GNRSU0.0020
Coptotriche zelleriella GNRS4S50.0002
Cosmia calami - American Dun-bar Moth G5S4S50.0002
Cyclophora packardi - Packard's Wave Moth G4G5S4S50.0002
Datana contracta - Contracted Datana Moth G5S4S50.0002
Datana integerrima - Walnut Caterpillar Moth G5S50.00
Dyseriocrania griseocapitella - Chinquapin Leaf-miner Moth GNRS2S40.0058
Ectoedemia similella GNRSU0.0020
Ectoedemia trinotata GNRSU0.0020
Heterocampa obliqua - Oblique Heterocampa G5S50.00
Heterocampa umbrata - White-blotched Heterocampa G5S50.00
Hydriomena transfigurata - Transfigured Hydriomena Moth GNRS3S40.0020
Hyperstrotia pervertens - Dotted Graylet Moth G5S50.00
Hypsopygia olinalis - Yellow-fringed Dolichomia Moth G5S50.00
Lacosoma chiridota - Scalloped Sack-bearer Moth G5S4S50.0002
Macrurocampa marthesia - Mottled Prominent G5S50.00
Meganola minuscula - Confused Meganola G5S50.00
Meganola phylla - Coastal Plain Meganola GNRS50.00
Meganola spodia - Ashy Meganola G5S40.0007
Neurobathra strigifinitella GNRS4-S5
Oligocentria lignicolor - White-streaked Prominent G5S50.00
Panopoda carneicosta - Brown Panopoda Moth G5S50.00
Panopoda rufimargo - Red-lined Panopoda Moth G5S50.00
Paraeschra georgica - Georgian Prominent G5S50.00
Peridea angulosa - Angulose Prominent G5S50.00
Phoberia atomaris - Common Oak Moth G5S50.00
Phyllonorycter aeriferella GNRSU0.0020
Phyllonorycter argentifimbriella GNRSU0.0020
Phyllonorycter basistrigella GNRSU0.0020
Phyllonorycter caryaealbella - Pecan Blotchminer Moth GNRSU0.0020
Phyllonorycter fitchella GNRSU0.0020
Phyllonorycter quercialbella GNRSU0.0020
Povolnya quercinigrella GNRS3S50.0007
Psaphida grandis - Gray Sallow G4S3S40.0020
Psaphida resumens - Figure-Eight Sallow GNRS40.0007
Psaphida rolandi - Roland's Sallow G5S40.0007
Psaphida thaxterianus - Thaxter's Sallow G4S3S40.0020
Pseudexentera haracana
Psilocorsis quercicella - Oak Leaftier Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Pubitelphusa latifasciella - White-banded Telphusa Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Rectiostoma xanthobasis - Yellow-vested Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Stigmella caryaefoliella GNRSU0.0020
Stigmella quercipulchella GNRSU0.0020
Stigmella sclerostylota GNRSU0.0020
Symmerista albifrons - White-headed Prominent G5S50.00
Symmerista canicosta - Red-humped Oakworm Moth G5S40.0007
Tischeria quercitella - Oak Blotch Miner Moth GNRSU0.0020
Archasia auriculata
Archasia pallida
Cyrtolobus arcuatus
Cyrtolobus auroreus
Cyrtolobus dixianus
Cyrtolobus fenestratus
Cyrtolobus flavolatus
Cyrtolobus fuliginosus
Cyrtolobus fuscipennis
Cyrtolobus griseus
Cyrtolobus maculifrontis
Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis
Cyrtolobus togatus
Cyrtolobus tuberosus
Cyrtolobus vau
Empoa casta
Empoa rubricola
Eratoneura era
Eratoneura osborni
Eratoneura stephensoni
Eutettix pictus
Glossonotus univittatus
Ophiderma definita
Ophiderma evelyna
Ophiderma flavicephala
Ophiderma pubescens
Ophiderma salamandra
Ossiannilssonola australis
Ossiannilssonola berenice
Ossiannilssonola tunicarubra
Penthimia americana
Rugosana querci
Smilia fasciata
Telamona projecta
Telamona reclivata
Carya glabra - Pignut Hickory G5S50.00
Carya tomentosa - Mockernut Hickory G5S50.00
Quercus alba - White Oak G5S50.00
Erynnis juvenalis - Juvenal's Duskywing G5S50.00
Glaucomys volans - Southern Flying Squirrel G5S50.00
Peromyscus leucopus - White-footed Deermouse G5S50.00
Sciurus carolinensis - Eastern Gray Squirrel G5S50.00
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0919
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 73
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0013
Number of S5 species = 31
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 0.4247
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = 0.0529

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Carya species/Acrobasis caryae-Acrobasis caryalbella-Acrobasis stigmella-Acrobasis tumidulella-Catocala dejecta-Catocala epione-Catocala lacrymosa-Catocala palaeogama-Catocala vidua-Coptodisca lucifluella-Ectoedemia trinotata-Eratoneura era-Eratoneura osborni-Phyllonorycter caryaealbella) // (Fagaceae species/Acronicta increta-Acronicta ovata-Cameraria castaneaeella-Coptotriche citrinipennella-Coptotriche fuscomarginella-Coptotriche zelleriella-Ophiderma definita-Dyseriocrania griseocapitella-Macrurocampa marthesia-Meganola phylla-Neurobathra strigifinitella-Oligocentria lignicolor-Panopoda rufimargo-Symmerista albifrons-Symmerista canicosta-Tischeria quercitella) // (Juglandaceae species/Catocala flebilis) // (Quercus alba/Acronicta exilis-Acronicta immodica-Acronicta modica-Cameraria hamadryadella-Coptotriche badiiella-Cyrtolobus flavolatus-Ossiannilssonola tunicarubra) // (Quercus species/Acrobasis minimella-Acrocercops albinatella-Acronicta afflicta-Acronicta increta-Acronicta lobeliae-Acronicta ovata-Blastobasis glandulella-Bucculatrix ainsliella-Anisota virginiensis-Archasia auriculata-Archasia pallida-Cameraria cincinnatiella-Cameraria quercivorella-Catocala amica-Catocala connubialis-Catocala ilia-Catocala lineella-Catocala micronympha-Catocala umbrosa-Cissusa spadix-Coptotriche castaneaeella-Cosmia calami-Cyclophora packardi-Cyrtolobus arcuatus-Cyrtolobus auroreus-Cyrtolobus dixianus-Cyrtolobus fenestratus-Cyrtolobus fuliginosus-Cyrtolobus fuscipennis-Cyrtolobus griseus-Cyrtolobus maculifrontis-Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis-Cyrtolobus togatus-Cyrtolobus tuberosus-Cyrtolobus vau-Ectoedemia similella-Empoa casta-Empoa rubricola-Eratoneura stephensoni-Eutettix pictus-Glossonotus univittatus-Heterocampa obliqua-Heterocampa umbrata-Hyperstrotia secta-Meganola minuscula-Meganola spodia-Ophiderma evelyna-Ophiderma flavicephala-Ophiderma pubescens-Ophiderma salamandra-Ossiannilssonola australis-Ossiannilssonola berenice-Paraeschra georgica-Penthimia Americana-Peridea angulosa-Phoberia atomaris-Psaphida grandis-Psaphida resumens-Psaphida rolandi-Psaphida thaxterianus-Phyllonorycter aeriferella-Phyllonorycter argentifimbriella-Phyllonorycter basistrigella-Phyllonorycter fitchella-Phyllonorycter quercialbella-Rugosana querci-Telamona projecta-Telamona reclivata)

Candidates for Inclusion
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
Updated on 2020-06-18 22:57:07