Habitats of North Carolina
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Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
Gum and Tupelo Forests
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Habitat Overview This habitat is defined by the presence of Nyssa species, which collectively, occupy a wide of habitat conditions, ranging from deeply flooded swamps in the case of Water Tupelo; blackwater floodlplains and depression ponds in the case of Swamp Tupelo; and dry uplands in the case of Blackgum. Since each species of Nyssa occupies a different habitat type, none of them are determining species of this particular habitat. Instead, the determining species are stenophagous herbivores that feed on all three species of Nyssa.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Actrix nyssaecolella - Tupelo Leaffolder Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Allotria elonympha - False Underwing G5S50.00
Antispila nysaefoliella - Tupelo Leafminer GNRSU0.0020
Ectoedemia nyssaefoliella GNRS4-S5
Polygrammate cadburyi - Cadbury's Mystique GNRS40.0007
Polygrammate hebraeicum - Hebrew Moth G5S50.00
Synanthedon rubrofascia - Tupelo Clearwing Moth GNRSU0.0020
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0054
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 4
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0014
Number of S5 species = 2
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 0.5000
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = 0.0027

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Nyssa species/Actrix nyssaecolella-Allotria elonympha-Comachara cadburyi-Polygrammate hebraeicum-Synanthedon rubrofascia)
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References Low, C., Scheffer, S.J., Lewis, M.L. and Gates, M.W., 2012. The relationship between variable host grouping and functional responses among parasitoids of Antispila nysaefoliella (Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae). Molecular ecology, 21(23): pp.5892-5904. Available online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication /232698113_The_relationship_between_variable_host_grouping_and_functional_responses_among_parasitoids_of_Antispila_nysaefoliella_Lepidoptera_Heliozelidae
Updated on 2021-03-28 20:02:09