Habitats of North Carolina
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Habitat Type:
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Maple Forests
No image for this habitat.
Habitat Overview The presence of Maple (Acer) species is the key requirement of this habitat. Maples themselves occur across the state, ranging from our highest mountains to the barrier islands.

One species, Red Maple, is also included as one of the defining species of this habitat, since it occupies essentially the full range of terrestrial and wetland forests that occur in North Carolina. It is one of the major tree species involved in old-field succession and occurs commonly in residential neighborhoods. It has also proliferated widely in hardwood forests throughout eastern North America, replacing species of Oaks and Hickories as a dominant species (Abram, 1998).

Determining Species of animals are generalist herbivores of Maples, virtually all of which feed on Red Maple as well as other species in this genus. Species that specialize on other species of Maple, e.g., Boxelder or Sugar Maples, are treated in other habitats.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Acer rubrum - Red Maple G5S50.00
Acronicta retardata - Retarded Dagger G5S50.00
Argyresthia subreticulata - Speckled Argyresthia Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Caloptilia umbratella GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria saccharella GNRSU0.0020
Chionodes obscurusella - Boxelder Leafworm Moth GNRSU0.0020
Dryocampa rubicunda - Rosy Maple Moth G5S50.00
Hypena baltimoralis - Baltimore Bomolocha G5S50.00
Macaria aemulataria - Common Angle G5S50.00
Parallelia bistriaris - Maple Looper G5S50.00
Speranza pustularia - Lesser Maple Spanworm Moth G5S50.00
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0062
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 4
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0016
Number of S5 species = 7
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 1.7500
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0047

Phagic and Competitive Symbioses: (Acer species/Acronicta retardata-Argyresthia subreticulata-Dryocampa rubicunda-Hypena baltimoralis-Macaria aemulataria-Parallelia bistriaris-Speranza pustularia)

Candidates for Inclusion
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
References Abrams, M.D., 1998. The red maple paradox. BioScience, 48(5), pp.355-364. Available online at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1313374.pdf?casa_token=A8iPbRl8do0AAAAA:V9EeGB90fdgN-KZc4gdhnMLv92tRvHEdlFde0BSP7wAFWhX8tiMxujEeLTa8WSWqF5CVyoA0DVuRkNaHvhTQBT5rR0bI0-3ORWBYooXq7bd8BeFd4iDd
Updated on 2021-06-03 00:56:24