Habitats of North Carolina
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Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Hardwood Forests
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Habitat Overview The presence of hardwood trees is the defining feature of this habitat. Oaks and hickories are common species but this habitat also includes species typical of northern hardwoods, mesic mixed forest, and mixtures of hardwoods and conifers. Closed canopy forests as well as more open woodlands are included, as are both upland and lowland stands. Soil chemistry is not a factor for this habitat, with examples occurring on both mafic and acidic substrates.

Defining species consist almost entirely of animal species, including polyphagous herbivores and predatory or omnivorous species that are associated with the structural features of hardwood forests. Species that are still more generalized -- making significant use of conifers as well as hardwoods -- are treated under the General Forests habitat. Species that use of shrub species that occur in forests and/or shrublands are treated under General Forests and Shrublands.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
MOTHS
Acronicta americana - American Dagger G5S50.00
Acronicta impleta - Yellow-haired Dagger G5S50.00
Actias luna - Luna Moth G5S50.00
Adoneta spinuloides - Purple-crested Slug Moth G4G5S4S50.0002
Amphipyra pyramidoides - Copper Underwing G5S50.00
Antaeotricha leucillana - Pale Gray Bird-dropping Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Antheraea polyphemus - Polyphemus Moth G5S50.00
Apoda biguttata - Shagreened Slug Moth G5S50.00
Apoda y-inversum - Yellow-collared Slug Moth G5S4S50.0002
Besma quercivoraria - Oak Besma Moth G5S50.00
Bibarrambla allenella - Bog Bibarrambla Moth GNRSU0.0020
Caloptilia superbifrontella GNRSU0.0020
Cameraria hamameliella GNRSU0.0020
Charadra deridens - Laugher Moth G5S50.00
Chytolita morbidalis - Morbid Owlet Moth G5S50.00
Dichomeris ligulella - Palmerworm Moth GNRS50.00
Drasteria grandirena - Figure-seven Moth G5S3S40.0020
Ectropis crepuscularia - Small Engrailed Moth G5S50.00
Ennomos magnaria - Maple Spanworm Moth G5S40.0007
Ennomos subsignaria - Elm Spanworm Moth G5S40.0007
Euchlaena amoenaria - Deep Yellow Euchlaena G5S50.00
Euchlaena irraria - Least-marked Euchlaena G5S4S50.0002
Idia forbesii GNRS50.00
Idia lubricalis - Glossy Black Idia Moth G5S50.00
Idia scobialis - Smoky Idia Moth GNRS3S40.0020
Iridopsis larvaria - Bent-line Gray Moth G5S50.00
Isa textula - Crowned Slug Moth G5S50.00
Isochaetes beutenmuelleri - Spun Glass Slug Moth G4S40.0007
Lochmaeus manteo - Variable Oakleaf Caterpillar Moth G5S50.00
Machimia tentoriferella - Gold-striped Leaftier Moth GNRS4-S5
Malacosoma disstria - Forest Tent Caterpillar Moth G5S50.00
Metalectra discalis - Common Fungus Moth G5S50.00
Metalectra quadrisignata - Four-spotted Fungus Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Metalectra richardsi - Richards' Fungus Moth G4S4S50.0002
Nadata gibbosa - White-dotted Prominent G5S50.00
Natada nasoni - Nason's Slug Moth G5S50.00
Nemoria bistriaria - Red-fringed Emerald G5S50.00
Nemoria lixaria - Red-bordered Emerald G5S50.00
Nigetia formosalis - Thin-winged Owlet Moth
Nola triquetrana - Three-spotted Nola G5S40.0007
Olethreutes hamameliana GNRSU0.0020
Paleacrita vernata - Spring Cankerworm Moth GNRS50.00
Palthis asopialis - Faint-spotted Palthis Moth G5S50.00
Paonias excaecata - Blind-eyed Sphinx G5S50.00
Paraclemensia acerifoliella - Maple Leafcutter Moth GNRSU0.0020
Phalaenophana pyramusalis - Dark-banded Owlet Moth G5S50.00
Philonome clemensella GNRS3S40.0020
Plagodis alcoolaria - Hollow-spotted Plagodis Moth G5S50.00
Plagodis fervidaria - Fervid Plagodis Moth G5S50.00
Plagodis phlogosaria - Straight-lined Plagodis Moth G5S40.0007
Probole amicaria - Friendly Probole Moth G5S50.00
Pseudothyatira cymatophoroides - Tufted Thyatirid Moth G5S4S50.0002
Psilocorsis cryptolechiella - Black-fringed Leaftier Moth GNRS3S50.0007
Psilocorsis reflexella - Dotted Leaftier Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Redectis vitrea - White-spotted Redectis Moth G4S50.00
Renia factiosalis - Sociable Renia Moth GNRS4S50.0002
Renia flavipunctalis - Yellow-spotted Renia Moth G5S3S40.0020
Scolecocampa liburna - Deadwood Borer G5S50.00
Selenia kentaria - Kent's Geometer Moth G5S40.0007
Tetracis crocallata - Yellow Slant-line Moth G5S4S50.0002
Tolype velleda - Large Tolype Moth G5S50.00
Tortricidia testacea - Early Button Slug Moth G4S40.0007
Zale lunata - Lunate Zale G5S50.00
Zanclognatha jacchusalis - Wavy-lined Zanclognatha Moth G5S4S50.0002
Zanclognatha marcidilinea - Yellowish Zanclognatha Moth GNRS4S50.0002
FORBS
Amorpha schwerinii - Piedmont Indigo-bush G3G4S30.0058
Chimaphila maculata - Spotted Wintergreen G5S50.00
Hexastylis minor - Little Heartleaf G4G5S40.0007
Hexastylis virginica - Virginia Heartleaf G4SNR
Hylodesmum nudiflorum - Naked Tick-trefoil G5S50.00
FROGS
Anaxyrus americanus - American Toad G5S50.00
Hyla chrysoscelis - Cope's Gray Treefrog G5S50.00
Hyla versicolor - Gray Treefrog G5S20.0460
BEETLES
Anelaphus parallelus -
Cicindela sexguttata - Six-spotted Tiger Beetle G5S50.00
BIRDS
Baeolophus bicolor - Tufted Titmouse G5S50.00
Coccyzus americanus - Yellow-billed Cuckoo G5S50.00
Cyanocitta cristata - Blue Jay G5S50.00
Hylocichla mustelina - Wood Thrush G4S40.0007
Meleagris gallopavo - Wild Turkey G5S50.00
Piranga olivacea - Scarlet Tanager G5S50.00
Polioptila caerulea - Blue-gray Gnatcatcher G5S50.00
Seiurus aurocapilla - Ovenbird G5S50.00
Setophaga citrina - Hooded Warbler G5S50.00
Sitta carolinensis - White-breasted Nuthatch G5S50.00
Vireo flavifrons - Yellow-throated Vireo G5S40.0007
Vireo olivaceus - Red-eyed Vireo G5S50.00
HARDWOODS
Cornus florida -
Ilex opaca - American Holly G5S50.00
ORTHOPTERANS
Cyrtoxipha columbiana - Columbian Trig GNRS50.00
Microcentrum retinerve - Lesser Angle-Wing GNRS50.00
Microcentrum rhombifolium - Greater Angle-Wing GNRS4S50.0002
Oecanthus exclamationis - Davis's Tree Cricket GNRS4S50.0002
Oecanthus niveus - Narrow-Winged Tree Cricket GNRS50.00
Pterophylla camellifolia - Common True Katydid GNRS50.00
HEMIPTERAN HOPPERS
Eratoneura stoveri
SHRUBS
Hamamelis virginiana - American Witch-hazel G5S50.00
Nestronia umbellula - Nestronia G4S30.0058
Viburnum acerifolium - Mapleleaf Viburnum G5S50.00
MILLIPEDES
Sigmoria latior latior
MAMMALS
Tamias striatus - Eastern Chipmunk G5S50.00
TURTLES
Terrapene carolina - Eastern Box Turtle G5S50.00
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0864
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 36
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0024
Number of S5 species = 58
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 1.6111
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0528

Phagic and Competitory Symbioses: (Cornus florida/Antispila cornifoliella-Euthyatira pudens) // (Hamamelis virginiana/Acronicta hamamelis-Cameraria hamameliella-Caloptilia superbifrontella-Drasteria grandirena-Nola triquetrana-Olethreutes hamameliana)

Candidates for Inclusion
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Distribution
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
References
Updated on 2021-05-01 01:05:23