Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Forests
Habitat Overview The presence of trees of any type -- hardwoods or conifers -- is the key feature of this habitat. A wide range of temperatures, moisture conditions, and elevations are included as factors.

Determining Species of plants are shade tolerant and require the shaded conditions provided by closed-canopy forests. All make use of a wide range of moisture and soil regimes.

Determining Species of animals include herbivores that either feed on a wide range of tree species or that feed on bark algae, lichens, mosses, or detritus associated with tree species. Also included are arboreal predators that either find their prey on trees or that use trees of any kind for nesting or shelter. Some ground-dwelling species are included that depend on woody debris for shelter and/or foraging. All of these species occupy two or more of the physiographic regions of the state.

Related NHP Natural Communities
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Abablemma brimleyana - Brimley's Halfling GNRS4S50.0002
Campaea perlata - Pale Beauty Moth G5S50.00
Cisthene plumbea - Lead-colored Lichen Moth G5S50.00
Clemensia albata - Little White Lichen Moth G5S50.00
Euplexia benesimilis - American Angle Shades Moth
Hypoprepia fucosa - Painted Lichen Moth G5S50.00
Hypoprepia miniata - Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth G5S50.00
Idia americalis - American Idia Moth G5S50.00
Melanolophia canadaria - Canadian Melanolophia Moth G5S50.00
Packardia geminata - Jeweled Tailed Slug Moth G5S40.0007
Palthis angulalis - Dark-spotted Palthis Moth G5S50.00
Phlogophora periculosa - Brown Angle Shades Moth G5S50.00
Schrankia macula - Black-spotted Schrankia Moth G5S50.00
Zanclognatha theralis G4S40.0007
Agkistrodon contortrix - Copperhead G5S50.00
Pantherophis alleghaniensis - Eastern Ratsnake G4S50.00
Storeria occipitomaculata - Red-bellied Snake G5S50.00
Virginia valeriae - Smooth Earthsnake G5S30.0058
Antrostomus vociferus - Eastern Whip-poor-will G5S40.0007
Dryobates pubescens - Downy Woodpecker G5S50.00
Dryobates villosus - Hairy Woodpecker G5S40.0007
Dryocopus pileatus - Pileated Woodpecker G5S50.00
Melanerpes carolinus - Red-bellied Woodpecker G5S50.00
Melanerpes erythrocephalus - Red-headed Woodpecker G5S40.0007
Myiarchus crinitus - Great Crested Flycatcher G5S50.00
Piranga rubra - Summer Tanager G5S50.00
Poecile carolinensis - Carolina Chickadee G5S50.00
Setophaga dominica - Yellow-throated Warbler G5S50.00
Vireo solitarius - Blue-headed Vireo G5S50.00
Botrypus virginianus - Rattlesnake Fern G5S50.00
Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas Fern G5S50.00
Cornus florida (= Benthamidia florida) - Flowering Dogwood G5S40.0007
Elephantopus tomentosus - Common Elephant's-foot G5S50.00
Goodyera pubescens - Downy Rattlesnake-plantain G5S50.00
Hexastylis lewisii - Lewis's Heartleaf G3S30.0058
Mitchella repens - Partridge-berry G5S50.00
Pyrola americana - American Wintergreen G5S2S30.0164
Sanicula canadensis - Canadian Black-snakeroot G5S50.00
Tipularia discolor - Cranefly Orchid G5S50.00
Plestiodon laticeps - Broad-headed Skink G5S50.00
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0324
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 10
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0032
Number of S5 species = 29
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 2.9000
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0616

Candidates for Inclusion
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
Updated on 2021-06-03 01:10:07