Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
Habitat Type:
   
Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
« »
Upland Hardwood Forests
General Mixed Habitats
General Description This habitat spans the entire range of terrestrial vegetation types, temperatures, moistures, and substrates found in the state. All of the state's physiographic provinces are occupied, with elevations ranging from the high mountains to sea level.

Determining Species include animals that can dwell within any one of the coniferous and hardwood forests, herbaceous habitats, shrublands, and barrens that occur within the state. This differs from the species that make use of combinations of these habitats, nesting or sheltering in one type but foraging in the others.

A number of very generalized herbivores are included in this habitat. So are predatory or scavenging vertebrates that hunt for a variety of different prey species, with different species used in different parts of their range. This general group includes the species with the fewest habitat restrictions, consisting of species that are relatively tolerant of human presence or that even benefit from living close to humans. Species that have requirements for large blocks of habitat with minimal human intrusion are treated separately.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: Lower Coastal Plain to High Mountains. USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8. Landform: ridges, slopes, bottomlands, and wet flats. Slope Aspect: occurs on all slopes aspects as well as on ridges and flats. Soil Moisture: Dry to wet. Soil texture: sandy to loamy to alluvial. Soil pH: circumneutral to acidic. Soil Nutrient Content: rich to poor. Microclimate: Warm to cool; humid to dry. Hydrological Features: surface waters are common to scarce. Flood Frequency: varies from permanently flooded to never flooded. Flood Duration: nonexistent to permanent. Fire Frequency: common to rare. Drought Frequency: frequent to rare. Ice Storm Damage: low to severe. Wind Storm Damage: moderate to severe. Insolation: full sun to full shade

Biotic Structure Vegetation Type: closed-canopy forests as well as shrublands and herblands that completely lack a forest canopy. All stages of natural succession are included. Woody debris and leaf litter are plentiful in forested examples but only thick thatch may exist in open fields.

Co-evolved Species Groups Phagic and Competitory Symbioses:
The Determining Species are among the most generalized in terms of habitat of any that occur in the state and consequently are essentially lacking of close ties between species. Parasites of wide-ranging species would represent the exceptions.

Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
FORBS
Acalypha rhomboidea - Common Threeseed Mercury G5S50.00
Eupatorium serotinum - Late-flowering Thoroughwort G5S50.00
Senna marilandica - Maryland Senna G5S30.0058
Viola sororia - Common Blue Violet G5S50.00
GRAMINOIDS
Agrostis perennans - Upland Bentgrass G5S50.00
Coleataenia anceps - Beaked Panicgrass G5S50.00
Cyperus lancastriensis - Manyflower Flatsedge G5S30.0058
MOTHS
Apantesis phalerata - Harnessed Tiger Moth G5S50.00
Bleptina caradrinalis - Bent-winged Owlet Moth G5S50.00
Chytonix palliatricula - Cloaked Marvel Moth G5S50.00
Elaphria grata - Grateful Midget Moth
Eupithecia miserulata - Common Eupithecia Moth G5S50.00
Hemaris diffinis - Snowberry Clearwing Moth G5S50.00
Hypena scabra - Green Cloverworm Moth G5S50.00
Lascoria ambigualis - Ambiguous Moth G5S50.00
Microcrambus elegans - Elegant Grass-veneer Moth GNRS50.00
Nephelodes minians - Bronzed Cutworm Moth G5S50.00
Pleuroprucha insulsaria - Common Tan Wave Moth G5S50.00
Spodoptera ornithogalli - Yellow-striped Armyworm Moth G5S50.00
Tetanolita floridana - Florida Tetanolita Moth GNRS50.00
Tetanolita mynesalis - Smoky Tetanolita Moth GNRS50.00
Udea rubigalis - Celery Leaftier Moth G5S50.00
Virbia aurantiaca - Orange Holomelina Moth G5S50.00
Virbia opella - Tawny Holomelina Moth G5S50.00
Vitula edmandsii - Dried Fruit Moth GNRS4S50.0002
MAMMALS
Blarina brevicauda - Northern Short-tailed Shrew G5S50.00
Blarina carolinensis - Southern Short-tailed Shrew G5S50.00
Didelphis virginiana - Virginia Opossum G5S50.00
Mephitis mephitis - Striped Skunk G5S40.0007
Odocoileus virginianus - White-tailed Deer G5S50.00
Scalopus aquaticus - Eastern Mole G5S50.00
Urocyon cinereoargenteus - Gray Fox G5S50.00
SNAKES
Coluber constrictor
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata
Lampropeltis triangulum
Thamnophis sirtalis
ORTHOPTERANS
Eunemobius carolinus - Carolina Ground Cricket GNRS50.00
Schistocerca americana - American Bird Locust G5S50.00
FROGS
Gastrophryne carolinensis
LIZARDS
Scincella lateralis
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0125
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 4
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0031
Number of S5 species = 29
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 7.2500
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0781

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Distribution
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
References
Updated on 2021-12-29 15:31:53