Habitats of North Carolina
Habitat Group:
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Members of Upland Hardwood Forests:
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Upland Hardwood Forests
General Forests and Shrublands
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General Description This habitat is defined by extensive populations of woody plants, either trees or shrubs. The vegetation includes general forests, woodlands, and shrublands. Soil chemistry and moisture are not defining factors, nor is elevation or geographic location.

Determining Species are primarily generalist herbivores of woody plants. Predatory or omnivorous species are included that use woody plants or debris as shelter or foraging but that do not make significant use of open grasslands or forb-dominated habitats.

Abiotic Factors Geographic Regions: Lower Coastal Plain to High Mountains. USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8. Landform: ridges, slopes, bottomlands, and wet flats. Slope Aspect: occurs on all slopes aspects as well as on ridges and flats. Soil Moisture: Dry to hydric. Soil texture: all types from loamy to alluvial. Soil pH: circumneutral to acidic. Soil Nutrient Content: rich to poor. Microclimate: Warm to cool; humid to dry. Hydrological Features: surface waters are common to scarce. Flood Frequency: varies from permanently flooded to never flooded. Flood Duration: nonexistent to permanent. Fire Frequency: common to rare. Drought Frequency: frequent to rare. Ice Storm Damage: low to severe. Wind Storm Damage: moderate to severe. Insolation: full sun to full shade

Biotic Structure Vegetation Type: closed-canopy forest to shrublands that completely lack a forest canopy. Strata: lower strata vary from well developed to sparse. Shelter: Woody debris and leaf litter are plentiful

Co-evolved Species Groups
Determining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankProbability of Extirpation (PE)
Alsophila pometaria - Fall Cankerworm Moth G5S50.00
Apatelodes torrefacta - Spotted Apatelodes Moth G5S50.00
Artace cribrarius - Dot-lined White Moth G5S50.00
Biston betularia - Peppered Moth G5S40.0007
Callosamia promethea - Promethea Moth G5SU0.0020
Citheronia regalis - Regal Moth G5S50.00
Cleora sublunaria - Double-lined Gray Moth G5S4S50.0002
Cyclophora pendulinaria - Sweetfern Geometer Moth G5S3S40.0020
Datana ministra - Yellow-necked Caterpillar Moth G5S50.00
Dolba hyloeus - Pawpaw Sphinx G5S50.00
Eacles imperialis - Imperial Moth G5S50.00
Elaphria versicolor - Variegated Midget Moth G5S50.00
Epimecis hortaria - Tulip-tree Beauty Moth G5S50.00
Euchlaena johnsonaria - Johnson's Euchlaena G5S3S40.0020
Euchlaena obtusaria - Obtuse Euchlaena G5S50.00
Euchlaena pectinaria - Forked Euchlaena G4G5S4S50.0002
Euclea delphinii - Spiny Oak-slug Moth G5S50.00
Eutrapela clemataria - Curve-toothed Geometer Moth G5S50.00
Glena cribrataria - Dotted Gray Moth G5S50.00
Hemaris thysbe - Hummingbird Clearwing Moth G5S50.00
Heterocampa biundata - Wavy-Lined Heterocampa G5S50.00
Heterocampa guttivitta - Saddled Prominent G5S50.00
Hethemia pistasciaria - Pistachio Emerald G5S50.00
Hyalophora cecropia - Cecropia Moth G5S50.00
Hypagyrtis unipunctata - One-spotted Variant Moth G5S50.00
Iridopsis defectaria - Brown-shaded Gray Moth G5S50.00
Lagoa crispata - Black-waved Flannel Moth G5S50.00
Lithacodes fasciola - Yellow-shouldered Slug Moth G5S50.00
Lithophane viridipallens - Pale Green Pinion
Lycia ypsilon - Woolly Gray Moth G4S3S40.0020
Megalopyge opercularis - Southern Flannel Moth G5S50.00
Parasa chloris - Smaller Parasa Moth G4S40.0007
Parasa indetermina - Stinging Rose Caterpillar Moth G4S40.0007
Pero ancetaria - Hubner's Pero Moth G5S50.00
Phaeoura quernaria - Oak Beauty Moth G5S50.00
Phigalia denticulata - Toothed Phigalia Moth G5S50.00
Phigalia strigataria - Small Phigalia Moth G5S50.00
Phigalia titea - Half-wing Moth G5S50.00
Phobetron pithecium - Hag [Monkey Slug] Moth G4S40.0007
Plagodis pulveraria - American Barred Umber Moth G5S4S50.0002
Prolimacodes badia - Skiff Moth G5S50.00
Protoboarmia porcelaria - Porcelain Gray Moth G5S50.00
Schizura concinna - Red-humped Caterpillar Moth G5S3S40.0020
Schizura ipomoeae - Morning-glory Prominent G5S50.00
Schizura unicornis - Unicorn Caterpillar Moth G5S50.00
Scopula limboundata - Large Lace-border Moth G5S50.00
Zanclognatha obscuripennis - Dark Zanclognatha Moth GNRS50.00
Anaxipha tinnulacita - Fast-tinkling Trig GNRS50.00
Anolis carolinensis
Opheodrys aestivus
Storeria dekayi
Pseudacris crucifer
Troglodytes hiemalis, winter -
Expected Number of Extirpations with a PE value (Sum of PE) = 0.0134
N = Number of Extant Species with a PE value = 12
Average PE = ENE/N = 0.0011
Number of S5 species = 35
Proportion of Secure Species = Number of S5 Species/N = 2.9167
Habitat Risk Index = ENE x (1 – PSS) = -0.0257

Estimated Risk to the Determining Species
Estimated Security of the Habitat
Index of Habitat Imperilment
Identified Risks
Observed Trends
Distribution Map
Major Conservation Reserves
Priority Areas for Surveys and Conservation Protection
Stewardship and Management Recommendations
Updated on 2021-12-27 17:40:08