Moths of North Carolina
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View PDFErebidae Members: 169 NC Records

Zanclognatha cruralis (Guenée, 1854) - Early Zanclognatha Moth


Taxonomy
Superfamily: Noctuoidea Family: ErebidaeSubfamily: HerminiinaeP3 Number: 930498.00 MONA Number: 8351.00
Comments: One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; 2013; Wagner and McCabe, 2011), all of which have been recorded in North Carolina
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Covell (1984); Beadle and Leckie (2012)Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA                                                                                 
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution:
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Our records come mainly from wet to mesic hardwood forests, including bottomland hardwoods, mesic slopes, cove forests, and northern hardwods. Only a few come from xeric woodlands, such as maritime forests or sandridges.
Larval Host Plants: Larvae have been found on a wide variety of plant species, including hardwood trees and shrubs, forbs, and conifers (Wagner et al., 2011). Specific species include beech, hazel, hemlock, maple, nettle and red spruce. While dead and wilted leaves are readily eaten in captivity, this species is also frequently found up in foliage rather than on the ground as in other members of this genus.
Observation Methods: Comes to blacklights. Larvae are frequently found by beating foliage.
Wikipedia
See also Habitat Account for General Wet-Mesic Hardwood Forests
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: G5 S5
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
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 Photo Gallery for Zanclognatha cruralis - Early Zanclognatha Moth

34 photos are available. Only the most recent 30 are shown.

Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-09-12
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-09-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-08-29
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-08-29
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Simpson Eason on 2020-08-19
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2020-08-19
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2020-08-03
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2020-07-24
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2020-06-02
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-06-01
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-05-15
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-05-15
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-08-15
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-08-06
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-08-01
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-07-14
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-07-02
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-06-25
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-05-25
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2019-05-07
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-05-03
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-04-30
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Ken Kneidel on 2018-08-05
Yancey Co.
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Recorded by: Owen McConnell on 2018-07-28
Graham Co.
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Recorded by: Vin Stanton on 2018-05-27
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2018-05-10
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Vin Stanton on 2018-05-03
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: Stephen Hall on 2017-07-25
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Stephen Hall on 2017-05-02
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2015-08-13
Warren Co.
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