Butterflies of North Carolina:
their Distribution and Abundance

Common Name begins with:
[ A ]  [ B ]  [ C ]  [ D ]  [ E ]  [ F ]  [ G ]  [ H ]  [ I ]  [ J ]  [ K ]  [ L ]  [ M ]  [ N ]  [ O ]  [ P ]  [ Q ]  [ R ]  [ S ]  [ T ]  [ V ]  [ W ]  [ Y ]  [ Z ]  
Scientific Name begins with:
[ A ]  [ B ]  [ C ]  [ D ]  [ E ]  [ F ]  [ G ]  [ H ]  [ J ]  [ L ]  [ M ]  [ N ]  [ O ]  [ P ]  [ S ]  [ T ]  [ U ]  [ V ]  [ Z ]  
Once on a species account page, clicking on the "View PDF" link will show the flight data for that species, for each of the three regions of the state.
Other information, such as high counts and earliest/latest dates, can also been seen on the PDF page.

Related Species in PIERIDAE:
<<       >>
Common NameCabbage White by Randy Newman
[View PDF]
Click to enlarge
[Google Images]     GBIF [Global Distribution ]     BoA [Images ]   iNaturalist
Scientific NamePieris rapae
Link to BAMONA species account.
MapClick on a county for list of all database records for the species in that county.
DistributionDISTRIBUTION: Statewide; occurring in all 100 counties. Introduced from Europe.
AbundanceABUNDANCE: Widespread, but declining. Fairly common to locally common in the Mountains and Piedmont; mostly uncommon in the Coastal Plain, and quite scarce in most coastal counties. May be locally abundant, such as in the fields near Pettigrew State Park. Formerly (25 or more years ago) one of the most numerous butterflies in the state. Numbers in the past 25 years have declined sharply nearly statewide, owing to loss of habitat to development and abandonment, drought, and perhaps other factors.
FlightFLIGHT PERIOD: Numerous broods, perhaps as many as five or more; continuous presence in the state from late February into mid-November, and sparingly into December. The Piedmont flight chart suggests four broods.
HabitatHABITAT: Most open country habitats; most frequent around cultivated fields that have flowering plants; gardens, lawns, fields, meadows, even along woodland borders and powerline clearings. It may even occur occasionally in the interior of forests.
See also Habitat Account for General Fields, Gardens, and Ruderal Habitats
PlantsFOOD AND NECTAR PLANTS: Foodplants are in the mustard (Brassicaceae) family; it is especially numerous in cultivated fields where mustards, radishes, etc. are planted. Nectar plants are highly varied.
CommentsCOMMENTS: Drought and habitat loss are taking their toll on the Cabbage White and the Orange Sulphur, two species formerly very numerous but now sometimes missed on Fourth of July butterfly counts. With the continued loss of agricultural fields to development, numbers of Cabbage White, Checkered White, Clouded Sulphur, and Orange Sulphur, among several other species, continue to plummet in NC.
State RankSE
State Status
Global RankG5
Federal Status
Other NameCabbage Butterfly

Links to other butterfly galleries: [Cook] [Lynch] [Pippen] [Pugh]
Photo Gallery for Cabbage White
Photo by: Roger Rittmaster
Comment: Durham Co.
Cabbage White - Click to enlarge
Photo by: Lori Arent
Comment: 2020-08-17. Wake Co. male
Cabbage White - Click to enlarge
Photo by: Lori Arent
Comment: 2020-10-08. Wake Co.
Cabbage White - Click to enlarge
Photo by: Lori Arent
Comment: 2020-08-23. Wake Co.
Cabbage White - Click to enlarge
Photo by: Jamie Anderson
Comment: Alleghany Co., New River State Park - 2010-June-11; female
Cabbage White - Click to enlarge