Butterflies of North Carolina:
their Distribution and Abundance

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Once on a species account page, clicking on the "View PDF" link will show the flight data for that species, for each of the three regions of the state.
Other information, such as high counts and earliest/latest dates, can also been seen on the PDF page.

Related Species in NYMPHALIDAE:
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comNameGeorgia Satyr by Roger Rittmaster => Carteret Co.
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sciNameNeonympha areolatus
mapClick on a county for list of all database records for the species in that county.
distributionDISTRIBUTION: A paper by Ron Gatrelle (1999) split off a new species -- Helicta Satyr (N. helicta) -- from the Georgia Satyr (N. areolatus). The "new" Georgia Satyr thus has a more restricted distribution than the former Georgia Satyr (broad sense). Based on habitat and field marks in Gatrelle (1999), photos on websites of Jeff Pippen and Will Cook, and information on NatureServe Explorer, the "new" Georgia Satyr ranges north only to NC. It occurs north at least to Croatan National Forest (Craven, Jones, and Carteret counties), and is mainly limited to coastal counties, with some records from the Sandhills region. Several photos of Georgia/Helicta Satyrs were taken in Fort Bragg (Hoke County) in early June 2020; one or two might have been Georgias, but Helicta is the more likely species there and thus the status of Georgia in the Sandhills is muddled. Roughly 8-9 specimens (in the Carnegie Museum) taken in mainland Dare County appear to be Georgia Satyrs, based mainly on the shape of the hind wing eyespots. As a result, sight reports from that county have now been moved from Helicta Satyr to Georgia Satyr.
abundanceABUNDANCE: Quite local; mostly uncommon, but locally very common in some Coastal Plain savannas. Poorly known along the inner side of Pamlico and Croatan sounds, where it is rare to locally uncommon and probably declining. The species has lost much or most of its former habitat in the Coastal Plain, and it is clearly declining, being found now mainly in protected savanna/flatwood sites.
flightFLIGHT PERIOD: Two broods; early May to late June, and sparingly to mid-July, and a larger brood from late July to early October. Peak abundance in late May, and in late August and early September.
habitatHABITAT: This is the "savanna" butterfly in NC. It is usually associated with open pinewood canopy with a dense herbaceous layer. It strongly favors dense and diverse herbaceous vegetation of savannas, but also can be common in powerline clearings that "mimic" a savanna. Also apparently occurs in coastal or near-coastal wet grasslands and oligohaline marshes (near the shorelines of Pamlico Sound and Croatan Sound). It is seldom if ever found in uplands or near hardwoods.
See also Habitat Account for Wet, Sandy, Fire-maintained Herblands
plantsFOOD AND NECTAR PLANTS: Sedges are the foodplants. The adults seldom nectar, but feed on the usual satyr "foods" -- carrion, sap, fruits, moisture.
commentsCOMMENTS: This is one of the most colonial butterflies in NC, and because it favors high-quality savannas, it is also more seriously threatened by habitat destruction than most butterflies. An observer can often see several dozens of Georgia Satyrs bouncing slowly over savanna herbs, but yet once the savanna has been left, it is difficult to find them anywhere else on a day's outing. This is probably the slowest, and easiest to catch, butterfly in NC.

We are still quite uncertain about the ranges of the "new" Georgia Satyr and Helicta Satyr. However, it seems certain that most or all individuals in savannas from the Croatan National Forest southward through Brunswick County are the "new" Georgia Satyr (strict sense), as photos taken by Pippen and Cook from Croatan National Forest and Holly Shelter Game Land show the field marks as described in the Gatrelle paper. North of the longleaf pine belt, it appears to be present to an unknown extent close to Pamlico and Croatan sounds, but how far inward onto the Pamlimarle Peninsula it occurs is not known, as most of the records on that peninsula are sightings prior to the split of these species. See the Helicta Satyr page for details on field marks.
state_statusSR - S2
synonymNeonympha areolata

Links to other butterfly galleries: [Cook] [Lynch] [Pippen] [Pugh]
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Comment: May 15, 2004. Brunswick Co.
Georgia Satyr - Click to enlarge
Photo by: Jeff Pippen
Comment: Pender Co.; 13 Sep 2009
Georgia Satyr - Click to enlarge
Photo by: W. Cook
Comment: Croatan National Forest, Craven Co. 24 Aug 2003
Georgia Satyr - Click to enlarge