Moths of North Carolina
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View PDFLimacodidae Members:
Apoda Members:
6 NC Records

Apoda rectilinea (Grote & Robinson, 1868) - Rectilinea Slug Moth

Superfamily: Zygaenoidea Family: LimacodidaeP3 Number: 660026.00 MONA Number: 4668.00
Comments: One of four species (five if latomia is a full species) in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico. Three have been recorded in North Carolina.
Species Status: The type locality is South Carolina (Grote and Robinson, 1868)
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, BOLDTechnical Description, Adults: Grote and Robinson (1868); Forbes (1923)                                                                                 
Adult Markings: A medium-small yellowish to reddish-brown slug moth. A prominent dark median line is bordered on the outer side with pale, followed by a grayish or yellowish shade that is usually lighter than the basal area. A dark line also cuts off the apex and there may be a spot of basal color located at the anal angle, similar to that of Apoda biguttata (Grote and Robinson, 1868). The hindwings are distinctively fuscous. Apoda y-inversum has a similar pattern but the median line is not bordered by pale; the median area is either darker than the basal area or the same shade; the hindwings are pale yellow or at least not darker than the forewings.
Wingspan: 22 mm (Grote and Robinson, 1868)
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: Apparently not described but probably similar to those of the other members of this genus
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: All of our few records come from the Fall-line Sandhills
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Flight Comments: Our records are both from the summer
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Both of our records come from streamhead hardwoods that are imbedded in extensive areas of xeric, Longleaf Pine-dominated sandhills
Larval Host Plants:
Observation Methods: Our records come from the use of blacklight traps but we have too few data to determine how well it comes to light
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status: W3
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GNR S1S3
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: We have only a couple of records of this species from North Carolina and it appears to be at least somewhat specialized in terms of habitat. However, much more needs to be learned about its distribution, abundance, host plant preferences, and habitat associations here in North Carolina before and accurate assessment can be made of its conservation status.

 Photo Gallery for Apoda rectilinea - Rectilinea Slug Moth

Photos: 1

Recorded by: SPH on 2001-07-11
Hoke Co.