Moths of North Carolina
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Stigmella quercipulchella
MONA_number: 99.00
Members of the genus Stigmella are a group of small leaf-mining moths that typically create linear mines, although a few species form linear-blotch or blotch mines. Newton and Wilkinson (1982) recognized 51 species in their revision on the North American fauna, and new discoveries have since raised the total to around 57 species. Almost all species are specialists and rarely use more than one genus of host plants. Host-specificity, mine characteristics, and genitalic differences are helpful in recognizing closely related forms that are externally similar. The following description of adults is based on Wilkinson and Scoble (1979). The palps are whitish and the antenna is grayish brown with a gray luster. The eye-cap is shining white to silvery. The tu...In North Carolina, local populations occur in a wide variety of mesic habitats that support oaks. Populations have been found at sites ranging from rich hardwood slopes in the mountains to riparian an...Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) appears to be an important primary host, but S. quercipulchella will use other oaks, including Scarlet Oak (Q. coccinea), Bear Oak (Q. ilicifol...The adults appear to only occasionally visit lights, so we recommend searching for active leaf mines on Quercus rubra or other oaks and rearing the adults. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have adequate information to assess the conservation status of this species in the state. ...
Catastega timidella
Oak Trumpet Skeletonizer Moth
MONA_number: 3333.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Paraclemensia acerifoliella
Maple Leafcutter Moth
MONA_number: 181.00
This is a readily identifiable species that has a black antenna and steel blue forewings that are fringed with black. The thorax is also steel blue and contrasts with the bright orangish yellow scales...Local populations are generally found in rich hardwood forests, particularly where Sugar Maple is present at mid- to higher elevations in the mountains. The habitats used in the Piedmont were not rep...Although P. acerifoliella feeds on a variety of hardwood species, Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) and Black Maple (A. nigrum) appear to be the primary hosts. Larvae can reach high de...The adults are attracted to UV and mercury vapor lights, and the distinctive leaf cases and oval feeding patterns are easy to spot on maple leaves. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state to assess its conservation status. ...
Cameraria obstrictella
MONA_number: 831.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following is based on the description by Clemens (1859) and Braun (1908). The palps are whitish. The face is white and tinged with reddish orange that deepens towards the vertex. The head tuft, th...The larvae feed on oaks and are associated with mesic to dry hardwood forests with oaks. ...Braun (1908) listed the hosts as White Oak (Quercus alba), Chinquapin Oak (Q. muehlenbergii), and Northern Red Oak (Q. rubra). As of 2021, our two records were from White Oak. ...The adults have rarely been collected and most records are based on adults that were reared from mines on oaks. ...GNR [S2S3]This appears to be a rare species that has only been documented at a few scattered localities in the eastern US. It was discovered in North Carolina in 2020, and more information is needed on its dist...
Macrosaccus uhlerella
MONA_number: 801.00
Three Phyllonorycter species that occur in North Carolina were placed in a new genus, Macrosaccus, by Davis and De Prins (2011) based on differences in wing venation, genitalia, and life history traits. All are leafminers and have species-specific host plants. The following is based on descriptions by Braun (1908) and Davis and De Prins (2011). The face and palps are whitish gray, and the antenna gray with dark brown annulations. The tuft is brownish. The ...Populations are dependent on false indigo (Amorpha spp.) for successful reproduction. Our native species can be found in a variety of habitats ranging from riverbanks and the edges of wetlands...The known hosts are Lead Plant (A. canescens), False Indigo-bush (A. fruticosa) and Mountain Indigo-bush (A. glabra). The only population that we have discovered in North Carolin...We recommend searching Amorpha foliage for the mines, and rearing and photographing the adults. ...GNR [S2-S3]This species is dependent on Amorpha species for successful reproduction and appears to be rare in the state. Species of Amorpha in North Carolina tend to be uncommon, often with only a...
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Cameraria betulivora
Birch-leaf Blotchminer Moth
MONA_number: 810.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following is based primarily on the original description of a single female by Walsingham (1891) and illustrated by Braun (1908), as well as our own specimens from North Carolina. The antenna is g...Our one historic record for this species (Braun, 1912) probably comes from a Cove Forest. The most recent collections are from mid- to higher elevation sites where birches are present locally....The reported larval hosts include Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis), Paper Birch (B. papyrifera), and Gray Birch (B. populifolia (Robinson et al., 2010; Eiseman, 2019). In Nor...This species appears to be uncommon in North Carolina. We recommend searching for the mines on the upper surfaces of Yellow Birch or Sweet Birch during the summer months. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR] SUPopulations that have been collected in North Carolina are mostly associated with mid- to higher-elevation communities with Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) or Sweet Birch (B. lenta)...
Nomophila nearctica
Lucerne Moth
MONA_number: 5156.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Hypena bijugalis
Dimorphic Bomolocha
MONA_number: 8443.00
One of 29 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010). Fifteen species have been recorded in North Carolina....Our records for this species come mainly from wet-mesic hardwood forests, from the Outer Banks to the high mountains...Larvae feed on Dogwoods, especially shrubby species (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4S5...
Scolecocampa liburna
Deadwood Borer
MONA_number: 8514.00
...Our records come from a wide range of hardwood habitats...Larvae feed on the wood of fallen or decaying hardwoods (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Melanchra adjuncta
Hitched Arches Moth
MONA_number: 10292.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4S5...
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Caenurgina crassiuscula
Clover Looper
MONA_number: 8738.00
This species and males of C. erechtea are very similar in appearance and males may need to be dissected in order to definitely identify them. Both sexes of crassiuscula and males of erechtea have two ...Wagner et al. (2011) list pastures, fields, and roadsides as primary habitat. Our records also include woodlands but probably mainly along edges or herbaceous openings....Larvae feed on both grasses and Legumes but appear to prefer grasses (Wagner et al, 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Carmenta bassiformis
Ironweed Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2596.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Basicladus tracyi
MONA_number: 450.00
The family Psychidae contains as many as 1,350 species that are found worldwide. The females of many species are flightless, and the larvae of all species live in constructed cases or bags, hence the name bagworms. Basicladus is a small genus with only two recognized species. The males of this species are light brown throughout with strongly rounded wing tips. The antenna has 28-34 segments, is broadly bipectinate, and gradually decreases in width to the apex. The pectinat...Jones (1911, 1922) noted that the larvae are typically found in wet, sunny places on sedges, grasses, and rushes, and occasionally on low growing herbaceous plants and shrubs. Our records are from pin...The known hosts include the flower petals of Pale Pitcherplant (Sarracenia alata), along with unspecified grasses, sedges, and rushes. Jones (1911) noted that grasses seem to be the preferred ...The males are attracted to lights, and the cases with larvae can be found on appropriate host plants. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S2S3]This species is seemingly uncommon to rare in much of its range. ...
Podosesia aureocincta
Banded Ash Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2588.00
One of 30 species of sesiids, broadly known as clearwing borers, currently recognized as occurring in NC. P. aureocincta is one of two species of Podosesia found in the state. The taxonomy of several groups in this family remains vexing, with some species undoubtedly complexes of several, as-yet undifferentiated species.Sexes similar. Thorax brownish-black with red scales scattered above base of wings and immediately adjacent to abdomen. Abdomen brownish-black, constricted at the base, more so in males. Distinctive, ...Rural, urban, and forested areas where its food plant occurs....Known only from ashes (Fraxinus spp.)....So far as is known does not come to lights but may visit flowers. Most easily seen by employing synthetic pheromone traps, to which males are strongly attracted (see Taft, Smitley, & Snow, 2004, for l...GNR SUPoorly understood in NC with only a handful of records, all from the mountains. Its similarity to and probable confusion with P. syringae may skew our understanding of its true status in the st...
Argyria critica
Straight-lined Argyria Moth
MONA_number: 5466.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Uresiphita reversalis
Genista Broom Moth
MONA_number: 4992.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Peoria approximella
Carmine Snout Moth
MONA_number: 6053.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Euclidia cuspidea
Toothed Somberwing Moth
MONA_number: 8731.00
......Larvae have been recorded on Legumes and grasses (Wagner et al., 2011). Robinson et al. (2011) also add Grape (Vitis sp.)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Omphalocera munroei
Asimina Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5627.00
...Found in rich alluvial forests and bluffs along the Roanoke and Cape Fear Rivers; also in non-riverine swamp forest in the Outer Coastal Plain...Feeds on Pawpaws (Asimina spp.) (Robinson et al., 2010). Our records come mainly from sites where Common Pawpaw occurs but larvae have been found feeding on Dwarf Pawpaw in Harnett County....Appears to come to blacklights fairly well; up to six have been captured in a single trap....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Talponia plummeriana
Speckled Talponia Moth
MONA_number: 3417.00
...Our sole records come from Dismal Swamp State Park...Larvae feed on Pawpaw (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR] S2S4...
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Aethes baloghi
MONA_number: 3755.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cameraria arcuella
MONA_number: 807.00
............
Helvibotys pucilla
MONA_number: 4984.00
......Larval host plants are apparently unknown (Munroe, 1976, for Helvibotys subcostalis)......GNR S1S2...
Acronicta superans
Splendid Dagger
MONA_number: 9226.00
One of 74 species in this genus found in North America north of Mexico (Schmidt and Anweiler, 2020), 42 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. This species is placed in subgenus Agriopodes by Schmidt and Anweiler, and in the Hasta Species Group. Other members of this group in North Carolina include hamamelis, lithospila, innotata, betulae, radcliffei, hasta, interrupta, laetifica, spingigera, morula, and lobeliae....Our records come mainly from montane alluvial forests, cove forests, and high elevation forests...Larvae feed primarily on members of the Rose Family, including Apple, Cherry, Hawthorn, Mountain Ash, Plum, and Serviceberry (Wagner et al., 2011); Birch and Hazel have also been reported.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4S5...
Amorpha juglandis
Walnut Sphinx
MONA_number: 7827.00
A monotypic genus, this species has been associated with the genus Laothoe since Hodges misplaced it there in 1971 (see Tuttle (2007) for a discussion of this misplacement. Adult pattern variable but largely a medium sized light brown species with scalloped wing margins and a strongly slanting postmedian that coverges towards the antemedian at the inner margin. Sexes ar...Occurs in a wide range of mesic to dry habitats dominated by hardwoods, including Deciduous Maritime Forests on the Outer Banks to Cove Forests and Northern Hardwoods in the Mountains. In between, it...Walnut and hickories (Juglandaceae) but also reported to feed on two members of the Betualceae, Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) and Hop Horbneam (Ostrya virginiana), in the northern part of its range ...Like other members of this subfamily (Smerinthinae) adults visit lights but not flowers nor bait. Most of our records come from 15 watt UV lights, usualy as single individuals but rarely in multiples....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Given its wide distribution in the state, use of a variety of forest habitats and common host plants, this species appears to be secure. If anything, this species appears to be more common than it wa...
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Harrisina americana
Grapeleaf Skeletonizer Moth
MONA_number: 4624.00
......Larvae feed on Grapes and Virginia Creeper (Robinson et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Bucculatrix coronatella
MONA_number: 559.00
Bucculatrix is a large genus of small leaf-mining moths, with around 300 species worldwide. A total of 103 Nearctic species have been described, and many others will likely be described in the future. Braun (1963) covered 99 species in her monograph, and four additional Nearctic species have been described since then. This is a tiny moth with three costal streaks and one tornal streak, a black raised scale patch, a black apical spot, and a black apical ciliary line. The following detailed description is based on Br...This species appears to rely heavily on River Birch, and at least two of our records come from river and lake shorelines in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain where River Birch is common. ...Larvae are leafminers on River Birch (Betula nigra), although other birches may be possible hosts (Braun, 1963)....All of our records come from lights. We recommend searching for leaf mines on River Birch and other birches to better document host use in North Carolina. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5This small moth that is easily overlooked. It appears to be both common and widespread based on the number of state records, its host plants, and habitat associations. ...
Plagodis alcoolaria
Hollow-spotted Plagodis Moth
MONA_number: 6844.00
...Forests and woodlands (Wagner et al., 2001). We have only a few records from the Coastal Plain, all from the Fall-line Sandhills, associated with xerophytic oaks. In the Piedmont, we have records from...Polyphagous, feeding on many hardwood trees and shrubs (Wagner et al., 2001)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Zale aeruginosa
Green-dusted Zale
MONA_number: 8694.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA dark umber to coal black Zale, often with some bands of brown or purple; almost always frosted with green or greenish white scales, which make it unmistakable....In the Coastal Plain, aeruginosa is common in both Pocosins and other peatland habitats, as well as Longleaf Pine Savannas and Flatwoods, all habitats where heaths are a major component of the vegetat...Franclemont (cited by Forbes, 1954) reported aeruginosa as feeding on White Oak (Quercus alba) and Live Oak (Q. virginiana); these same two species were also reported as host plants by Kimball, 1965; ...Appears to come well to blacklights, with up to 17 caught in a single trap (1-3 being much more frequent numbers). Like other Zales, it also comes well to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]This species may be specialist on heath-containing habitats, including lowland and upland examples. Collectively, these habitats are widespread across the state, however, as is probably aeruginosa it...
Aspilanta hydrangaeella
MONA_number: 243.00
The genus Antispila has traditionally been a catch-all genus for a large group of similarly patterned species with a fascia before the middle of the forewing and a pair of opposing spots. Nieukerken and Eiseman (2020) placed a cluster of six species that have reduced wing venation in a separate genus, Aspilanta. Antispila species in North America never have an apical spot, while Aspilanta species do, with the exception of A. viticordifoliella. Chambers (1874) described this species from the leaf mines and host plant, and never observed the adults. There has not been a formal description of the adults since then. This species is largely ind...This species is strongly dependent on Hydrangea arborescens, which is found in mesic hardwood forests. Representative habitats include rocky slopes, and the edges of streams and old logging ro...The only known hosts are Smooth Hydrangea (H. arborescens) and perhaps Snowy Hydrangea (H. radiata; Eiseman, 2019)....We recommend looking for the mines on Hydrangea leaves during the early summer through the fall. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUAs of 2020, we have only a few records for the state. This likely reflects under-collecting of these easily overlooked leafminers rather than true rarity. ...
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Caloptilia serotinella
Cherry Leaf Roller
MONA_number: 637.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.The adults are readily identifiable by the dark brown to purplish-brown forewing that is boldly mottled with white. A large white costal patch with a dark center is usually evident just before the mid...In North Carolina, C. serotinella appears to be restricted to the Blue Ridge where it feeds on Prunus serotina. This species is found throughout most of the state where it is common alo...The host plants are poorly documented. Although Robinson et al. (2010) reported that Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) is the only known host, it is possible that other cherries such as Fire Cher...The adults are attracted to UV lights. Data on the host plants is needed, and searches for folded leaf tips on Prunus species such as P. pensylvanica could produce new host data. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S4]...
Phyllonorycter lucetiella
Basswood Miner Moth
MONA_number: 764.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following is primarily based on the descriptions in Clemens (1859) and Forbes (1923). The antenna, head, tufts, thorax, and basal half of the forewing are white to silvery white, while the apical ...Phyllonorycter lucetiella is monophagous on American Basswood, which is typically found at forested sites with rich, circumneutral soils. Typical habitats include rich cove forests and forest s...American Basswood (Tilia americana) is the only native host. Eiseman (2019) also reported this species using an ornamental hybrid Tilia (T. ×europaea). ...The adults occasionally visit lights, but many records are based on the leaf mines that are rather conspicuous on Tilia leaves. We encourage naturalists to search for the leaf mines during the...GNR [S4]This species is probably restricted to the mountains in North Carolina given its northern affinities. The mine are rather common on American Basswood at mid-elevational sites in the mountains. ...
Coptotriche castaneaeella
MONA_number: 140.00
Coptotriche is a genus of specialized leafminers that currently consists of 28 recognized Nearctic species. Most species fall within one of two major groups. Members of the first group typically have orangish to yellowish fore wings (rarely white) and specialize on oaks and chestnuts, while members of the second group have dark gray, brown, or blackish fore wings and mostly feed on members of the Rosaceae (Braun, 1972; Eiseman, 2019).The following is from Braun's (1972) description based on studies of 29 specimens from throughout the range of the species. The face varies from whitish ocherous to pale straw-colored. The scales of t...This species utilizes oaks and american chestnut during the larval stage and is restricted to habitats with the host species. It presumably uses a variety of habitats with these species such as mixed...The larvae of C. castaneaeella mine the leaves of oak species and American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) . The known oak hosts include Swamp White Oak (Q. bicolor), White Oak (Q...Direct searches for the leaf mines with their distinctive concentric crescent marks is the best way to document local populations. Since C. castaneaeella appears to rarely visit lights -- and...GNR SU...
Stigmella castaneaefoliella
MONA_number: 90.00
......Larvae feed on species of Castanea (Opler, 1978)......GNR SNA...
Cameraria aesculisella
MONA_number: 804.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following description of the adults is based on Braun (1908). The antennae are whitish and banded above with dark brown. The face and palpi are white. The tuft is ocherous towards the front, but w...The larvae feed on Buckeyes (Aesculus spp.), which are generally associated with rich hardwood forests, including riparian zones and mesic slopes. ...The known hosts include Yellow Buckeye (A. flava), Ohio Buckeye (A. glabra), Red Buckeye (A. pavia), and Painted Buckeye (A. sylvatica; Eiseman, 2019; Robinson et al., 2010...The adults appear to rarely visit lights. Records are best obtained by searching for the leaf mines in June and July and rearing the adults. Mines with overwintering larvae can also be found at other ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
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Acrobasis caryae
Hickory Shoot Borer Moth
MONA_number: 5664.00
The ground color of the forewings is typically dark fuscous, with base and median area concolorous; some southern individuals may be paler gray (Forbes, 1923; Heinrich, 1956). A transverse, black scal...The host plants used by this species indicate that it inhabits dry, basic-mesic, and rich bottomland stands of oak-hickory forests...Larvae feed on Hickories, including Carya glabra, C. pallida, C. ovata, C. carolinae-septentrionalis, C. cordiformis, and C. tomentosa (Neunzig, 1972). ......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S5...
Olethreutes connectum
Bunchberry Leaffolder Moth
MONA_number: 2787.00
...Host species include wetland dogwoods. This species may therefore be associated with shrub swamps and other shoreline shrub thickets....Larvae feed on Cornus species, including foemina and sericea (=stolonifera) (Brown et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Eudeilinia herminiata
Northern Eudeilinea Moth
MONA_number: 6253.00
......Larvae feed on Dogwoods, including Cornus florida, sericea, and racemosa (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Epinotia lindana
Diamondback Epinotia Moth
MONA_number: 3351.00
......Larvae have been recorded on Cornus species (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Antispila freemani
MONA_number: 233.00
The following is based on the original description by Lafontaine (1973). The antenna is dark brown, with yellow at the base and apex. The head is light golden brown, and the thorax and abdomen dark b...Local populations utilize a variety of dogwoods as hosts. As of 2021, our one record for North Carolina was for Alternate-leaf Dogwood, which is found is mesic hardwood forests. ...The larvae feed on dogwoods, including species with northern affinities. The known hosts include Alternate-leaf Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), Bunchberry (C. canadensis), Roughleaf Dogw...The adults are best obtained by rearing them from Alternate-leaf Dogwood or other native dogwoods. ...GNR S1S3As of 2021, we have only a single site record from the western mountains. ...
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Sparganothis caryae
MONA_number: 3700.00
......Host plants appear to be unknown (Powell and Brown, 2012). Although Hickories have been presumed to be the host, based on the name of the species apparently the only known host plant record is "scrub ......GNR SU...
Phyllonorycter basistrigella
MONA_number: 738.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following description is based in part on that of Clemens (1859). The antenna and front of the head are silvery, and the tuft is fulvous with a mix of silvery scales. The thorax is pale reddish go...This species specializes on oaks and exploits members of both the white oak and red oak group. Populations occur in a wide variety of urban and natural habitats that support the host species. Example...Host species that occur in eastern North America (Eiseman, 2019) include White Oak (Q. alba), Swamp White Oak (Q. bicolor), Scarlet Oak (Q. coccinea), Shingle Oak (Q. imbricari...The adults are attracted to lights and have been successfully reared from leaf mines with mature larvae or pupae. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUNorth Carolina appears to be at or near the southern limit of the range. We currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state as assess i...
Marasmia cochrusalis
MONA_number: 5289.00
......Larvae have been recorded on Corn and Sugarcane (Robinson et al., 2010)......[GNR] SNRThis is primarily a tropical and Floridian species whose status as a resident in North Carolina still needs to be established...
Retinia houseri
Minute Pitch-blister Moth
MONA_number: 2902.00
...Our records come from savannas and sandhills in the Coastal Plain and both upland and bottomland sites in the Piedmont....Probably stenophagous on pines. Larvae have been recorded on Shortleaf Pine (Brown et al., 2008). At some of the Coastal Plain sites where this species has been recorded, however, Shortleaf Pines are .........
Salebriaria turpidella
MONA_number: 5771.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Hemaris thysbe
Hummingbird Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 7853.00
A Holarctic genus of 19 species of which 4 occur in North America and 3 in North Carolina. They are often called hummingbird or bumblebee moths, and are among the best known Sphingids to North Carolinians.These moths are often believed to be birds or large bees by the public; their ability to hover and rapidly fly away are impressive. Hemaris thysbe has a greenish thorax and is marked with crimson on i...Adults are often seen in gardens and other open, flower-rich habitats. The wooded or shrubby habitats used by the larvae range from dry acidic sandhills and mountain ridges where blueberries are abun...Polyphagous, feeding on Viburnums but also on honeysuckles and various members of the Rosaceae (Forbes, 1948; Wagner, 2005). Tuttle (2007) adds blueberries and cranberry, both in the Ericaceae, altho...The moths are diurnal and do not come to light traps. Look for the adults visiting flowers, often in open areas but usually near wooded areas where their host plants occur. They do not come to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Its widespread occurrence across the state and use of a broad range of habitats makes this species relatively secure....
Dichomeris punctidiscella
Spotted Dichomeris Moth
MONA_number: 2283.00
......Host plants appear to be unknown (Hodges, 1986)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Glauce pectenalaeella
MONA_number: 1766.00
The following is based in part on the descriptions by Chambers (1875) and Forbes (1923). The head and face are smooth, and the labial palp is recurved, divergent, and arches over the vertex. The third......The hosts are undocumented....The adults are attracted to lights. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state to assess its conservation status. ...
Isophrictis anteliella
MONA_number: 1690.00
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Isophrictis unidentified species
MONA_number: 1705.01
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