Moths of North Carolina
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Patania silicalis
Herbivorous Patania Moth
MONA_number: 5243.00
Patania silicalis shares many similarities with Herpetogramma theseusalis and H. centrostrigalis. The latter two species have a dark spot just posterior to the AM line (often faded on worn specimens) ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lycia ypsilon
Woolly Gray Moth
MONA_number: 6652.00
...Barrens, woodlands, and forests (Wagner, 2005). Our records come from dune grasslands on barrier islands, longleaf pine savannas and flatwoods, and dry ridges....Polyphagous, larvae feed on apple, cherry, oaks and probably other hardwood trees and shrubs (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S3S4...
Stigmella villosella
MONA_number: 80.00
Members of the genus Stigmella are a group of small leaf-mining moths that typically create linear mines, although a few species form linear-blotch or blotch mines. Newton and Wilkinson (1982) recognized 51 species in their revision on the North American fauna, and new discoveries have since raised the total to around 57 species. Almost all species are specialists and rarely use more than one genus of host plants. Host-specificity, mine characteristics, and genitalic differences are helpful in recognizing closely related forms that are externally similar. The following description of the adults is from Braun (1917) and Newton and Wilkinson (1982). The palps are gray. The antenna is dark brownish gray and the eye-cap is pale golden. The tuft on the fron...Stigmella villosella is a specialist on Rubus spp., which includes blackberries and raspberries. These are common in disturbed habitats such as fields, fencerows, and roadsides. They als...Eiseman (2019) reported the following hosts: Allegheny Blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis), Common Dewberry (R. flagellaris), Swamp Dewberry (R. hispidus), Black Raspberry (R. oc...The adults are rarely attracted to lights, and most records are from leaf mines. There are almost no images of the adults, so we recommend locating mines, and rearing and photographing the adults. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data to assess the conservation status of this species within the state. ...
Cameraria caryaefoliella
Pecan Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 811.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following is based in part on Clemens' (1860) original description. The antenna is silvery with black annulations. The face is silvery and the tuft and thorax reddish orange. The forewings are red...The larvae are specialists on hickories and walnuts, and are found through the state where the hosts occur. Habitats range from alluvial forests and stream edges to upland hardwood forests. ...Eiseman (2019) lists the following documented hosts: Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis), Pignut Hickory (C. glabra), Pecan (C. illinoensis), Shagbark Hickory (C. ovata),...Local populations are easily documented by searching for the conspicuous leaf mines, and the adults are relatively easy to rear from the mines. The adults are also attracted to lights. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5...
Eucoptocnemis fimbriaris
Fringed Dart Moth
MONA_number: 10694.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Cisseps fulvicollis
Yellow-collared Scape Moth
MONA_number: 8267.00
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), and the only one found in North CarolinaFore-wings are narrow and colored brown to blackish gray; the head is black with a yellow or orange vertex; the collar is also yellow or orange, the thorax dark gray, and the body deep blue-black. So...Found in a wide variety of open and forested habitats, ranging from dune grasslands and maritime forests on the barrier islands to river bottoms, sandhills, and dry ridges; uses old field habitats and...Oligophagous, feeding on grasses and sedges (Wagner, 2005)...Diurnally active and often seen feeding on flowers. Also comes well to blacklights, with up to 77 being collected in a single trap...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]Abundant, widespread, and occupying a very wide range of habitats; this species is one of the most secure in the state...
Hypenodes fractilinea
Broken-line Hypenodes Moth
MONA_number: 8421.00
...Almost all of our records come from wet habitats, including peatlands, bottomland forests, wet pine savannas, Piedmont and mountain bogs. Grasses and sedges are common features of many, if not all, of...Host plants appear to be unrecorded......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S4S5...
Eupsilia vinulenta
Straight-Toothed Sallow
MONA_number: 9933.00
A genus of the Northern Hemisphere with some 17 described species, including 8 in North America, with several more about to be described. North Carolina has 6 described and 1 undescribed species, some of which are extremely similar in wing pattern.The commonest species found so far in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain areas. Much like a less boldly marked and larger E. trisigmata. Although Eupsilia schweitzeri is confused with E. cirripalea in t...The caterpillars have been found on a wide variety of plants and adults are taken in woodlands and backyards throughout the Piedmont and Coastal Plain areas. Accordingly, we are unable to suggest a s...Reported from many woody plants, especially Black Cherry. The larva is like other Eupsilia species and cannot be recognized with certainty (see more in Wagner el al (2011)). This will be the most li...Adults readily come to bait and have been collected in light traps....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]This species is widespread in North Carolina, feeds on common host plants, and occupies a wide range of habitats. Consequently, we regard it as secure within the state....
Crambidia pallida
Pale Lichen Moth
MONA_number: 8045.10
One of eleven named species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), of which six been recorded in North Carolina (several others are still undescribed). Two undescribed species that appear to be in the same species complex with pallida were mentioned by Forbes (1960) and may be present in North Carolina; other undescribed species may also be present.Generally small and pale grayish brown with lighter veins. Both sexes are similar and possess simple antennae, differing from C. lithosiodes in both respects. Certain populations are somewhat darker...The majority of our records for this complex come from the Coastal Plain, where it occupies a wide range of habitats, including maritime forests, floodplain hardwoods, peatlands, and wet-to-dry Longle...Like most Lithosiines, probably feeds on lichens, bark algae, and Cyanobacteria (Covell, 1984; Wagner, 2005)....Comes commonly to abundantly to blacklight traps. Rarely, if ever, attracted to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]While this complex as a whole appears to be widespread and secure within the state, determination of the conservation status of individual species cannot be determined until the taxonomy of this group...
Glaphyria glaphyralis
Common Glaphyria Moth
MONA_number: 4869.00
The ground color is lemon yellow, marked with white lines and spots but lacking any distinct brown edging, although light brown shading is sometimes present (Forbes, 1923). The antemedian line is wave............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Zale phaeocapna
Phaeocapna Zale
MONA_number: 8698.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaAdults are grayish to reddish brown and generally resemble Z. galbanata in size and pattern. However, they lack a marginal bar located at the middle of the outer margin, often found in both galbanata...Our records almost all come from rich, mesic habitats, primarily brownwater river floodplains and Wet Marl Forests in the Coastal Plain....Oligophagous, feeding on a few species of shrubs in a couple of different families. McCabe (1987) reared larvae obtained from eggs laid by a wild-caught female on Hazels, both Corylus americana and C...Appears to come moderately well to blacklights, with up to seven having been collected in a single trap. Probably also comes well to bait, as is true for Zales in general....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S3S4]Uncommon and fairly specialized in terms of habitats, apparently less common than its host plants would indicate. ...
Geina tenuidactylus
Himmelman's Plume Moth
MONA_number: 6092.00
......Larvae feed on Rubus and Fragaria (Robinson et al., 2012)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cochylichroa hoffmanana
Hoffman's Cochlid Moth
MONA_number: 3776.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Olethreutes inornatana
Inornate Olethreutes Moth
MONA_number: 2788.00
......Larvae are polyphagous on many woody trees and shrubs, including Oak, Walnut, Prunus sp., and Clethra (Brown et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Olethreutes nigranum
Variable Nigranum Moth
MONA_number: 2800.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Acleris pulverosana
MONA_number: 3531.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Synanthedon rhododendri
Rhododendron Borer Moth
MONA_number: 2551.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR] SU...
Cenopis reticulatana
Reticulated Fruitworm Moth
MONA_number: 3720.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Grapholita eclipsana
Solidago Root Moth
MONA_number: 3438.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Glauce pectenalaeella
MONA_number: 1766.00
The following is based in part on the descriptions by Chambers (1875) and Forbes (1923). The head and face are smooth, and the labial palp is recurved, divergent, and arches over the vertex. The third......The hosts are undocumented....The adults are attracted to lights. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state to assess its conservation status. ...
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Thyraylia nana
MONA_number: 3778.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Paralobesia palliolana
MONA_number: 2720.00
............
Paralobesia piceana
MONA_number: 2721.00
............
Gretchena concitatricana
MONA_number: 3268.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Epinotia sotipena
Black Dash Epinotia
MONA_number: 3291.10
............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Palpita aenescentalis
MONA_number: 5227.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lambdina canitiaria
MONA_number: 6893.00
One of nine members of this genus that occur in North America, four of which have been recorded in North Carolina. As described by Rupert (1944), canitiaria is similar to athasaria but smaller and with no yellow on the head and much less on the thorax and abdomen....All of our records come from mesic, montane forests, mostly riparian or cove forests at relatively low elevations but with one record from spruce-fir forest near the summit of Grandfather Mountain....Apparently not recorded. Habitats where this species has been recorded in North Carolina contain mixtures of northern hardwoods and Hemlocks, with Spruce and Fraser Fir also present at Grandfather Mo...All of our few records were obtained using 15 watt blacklight traps. Like other members of this genus, it probably does not come to bait or to flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands. Not currently listed by the Natural Heritage Program[GNA SU]If canitiaria is a valid species, then it appears to be fairly rare in North Carolina; it also appears to be poorly known throughout much of its global range. If it is found that canitiaria is primari...
Zale metata
MONA_number: 8708.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaBelongs to a group of pine-feeding Zales, all of which possess a sharp, outward-pointing tooth on the antemedian line where the radial vein crosses. Metata is a light brown member of this group, clos...Scrub Pine typically grows on dry upland sites, including old fields (Weakley, 2012); it is also common on badly eroded sites or other areas with severe soil disturbance. Our records come primarily fr...Essentially monophagous, feeding only on Scrub Pine (Pinus virginiana) in our area (Forbes, 1954; Wagner et al., 2011)...May come poorly to lights, which could explain the scarcity of records for what should be a fairly common species. Probably comes well to bait, like other members of this genus....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]Although seemingly an uncommon species in North Carolina, too little is known about the distribution and habitat affinities of metata to estimate its conservation needs....
Acleris robinsoniana
Robinson's Acleris Moth
MONA_number: 3536.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pseudexentera spoliana
Bare-patched Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 3251.00
According to Forbes (1924), spoliana is typically grayish-white with dark, contrasting patches; some forms are shaded with reddish, particularly along the costa. Two main areas of blackish shading ar......Larvae feed on Northern Red Oak and possibly other oaks (Miller, 1986). Heinrich (1923) also included Maple and Chestnut (Brown et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Lithophane hemina
Hemina Pinion
MONA_number: 9893.00
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Zale intenta
Bold-based Zale
MONA_number: 8713.10
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Zale intenta was recently separated from Z. lunifera, a close sibling species, by Schmidt (2010).Zale intenta and lunifera are most clearly distinguished using DNA analysis (including DNA bar-coding). Other characters that Schmidt used to distinguish the two species are variable, including size,...In the Northeast, Zale lunifera is believed to be highly confined to sandy barrens located close to the coast, where they are associated with populations of Scrub Oak; all other records are assumed to...Wagner et al. (2011) report that Cherry -- especially Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) -- and Plums are the main host plants, although at least one adult has been reared by Dale Schweitzer from a larva ...Appears to come moderately well to blacklights, with large numbers of individuals occasionally being collected in single traps. Like other Zales, it probably also comes well to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]Probably is a secure species in North Carolina but more information is needed on its distribution and habitat associations before its conservation needs can be estimated...
Pseudexentera sepia
MONA_number: 3252.10
The colors of this species are predominantly light brown (sepia) (Miller, 1986). The scales on the head, thorax, and abdomen are a mixture of white and brown. The forewings are pale brown with two dar......Larval host plants are unknown (Miller, 1986)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pseudexentera cressoniana
Shagbark Hickory Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 3246.00
This species is mainly pale slate gray with the basal area of the forewings somewhat darker (Heinrich, 1923, as improbana). A blackish-fuscous spot is also located before the ocelloid spot at the apex......Larvae feed on hickories, including Shagbark Hickory (Miller, 1986; Brown, 2008). Also reported on Oak (Heinrich, 1923) and Kalmia (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pyreferra citrombra
Citrine Sallow
MONA_number: 9930.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S2S3...
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Acleris nigrolinea
MONA_number: 3556.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Orthosia alurina
Gray Quaker Moth
MONA_number: 10491.00
One of 22 species (two others provisional) that occur in this genus north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 210); five have been recorded in North CarolinaVery similar in coloration and patterning to hibisci but usually has an inconspicuous pale subterminal preceded and defined by much heavier dark bars (Forbes, 1954)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Chionodes baro
MONA_number: 2058.50
The genus Chionodes is the most species rich genus of gelechiid moths in the Western Hemisphere, with 187 recognized species. Our knowledge of the diverse array of species in North America is largely due to the monumental work of Hodges (1999), who spend decades working on the group and described 115 new species (Powell and Opler, 2009). Many exhibit substantial variation within species and have drab coloration, typically with brown, dark gray, or blackish patterning on the forewings. These can only be confidently identified by examining secondary sexual characteristics and/or the genitalia of one or both sexes. Others are more boldly marked and can be identified by wing patterning. Many of our state records are based on Hodges (1999) database of over 19,000 specimens that he examined from major collections in the US. These include North Carolina specimens that he collected mostly from Highlands, and from a few other areas within the state. The following description is based in part on that of Hodges (1999). The head and thorax vary from orangish gray to dark gray, and the antenna is dark grayish brown. The lateral surface of the first s...The preferred habitat is poorly documented. Our records are from sites with hardwood forests, but the hosts are undocumented....The hosts are unknown. ...The adults are attracted to lights. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution, host use, and abundance of this species to assess its conservation status. ...
Rhyacionia busckana
Red Pine Tip Moth
MONA_number: 2879.00
The genus Rhyacionia is widespread in the Holarctic Region, ranging from Japan and Asia to the Caribbean Antilles and Mexico (Powell and Miller, 1978). There are 33 described species worldwide and 24 in North America. The larvae feed on the needles, buds, and growing tips of pines. Except for their antennal morphology, Rhyacionia busckana is externally indistinguishable from a sibling species, R. granti. The following is based on the original description by Miller ...Populations require pines for successful reproduction, but the specific hosts that are used in the southeastern US are undocumented. Our collection records from the coast are near pocosins. ...In Ontario, the adults use Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) and Scotch Pine (P. sylvestris). Our collections from the coast are near pocosins with Pond Pine (P. serotina), which suggest...The adults are attracted to lights. More information is needed concerning host use, so we encourage naturalists to document aspects of the larval ecology and life history. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species to assess its conservation status. ...
Chionodes adamas
MONA_number: 2120.40
The genus Chionodes is the most species rich genus of gelechiid moths in the Western Hemisphere, with 187 recognized species. Our knowledge of the diverse array of species in North America is largely due to the monumental work of Hodges (1999), who spend decades working on the group and described 115 new species (Powell and Opler, 2009). Many exhibit substantial variation within species and have drab coloration, typically with brown, dark gray, or blackish patterning on the forewings. These can only be confidently identified by examining secondary sexual characteristics and/or the genitalia of one or both sexes. Others are more boldly marked and can be identified by wing patterning. Many of our state records are based on Hodges (1999) database of over 19,000 specimens that he examined from major collections in the US. These include North Carolina specimens that he collected mostly from Highlands, and from a few other areas within the state. The following is based on the description by (Hodges, 1999). The head and thorax are yellowish-gray, and the antenna is dark grayish brown. The labial palp is mainly dark grayish brown to blackish, wi...The larvae are oak specialists and feed on White Oak, Black Oak, and other species that occur in hardwood forests or mixed pine-hardwood forests in mesic to somewhat drier soil conditions. Our record...The larvae feed on members of both the white oak and red oak groups (Hodges, 1999; Marquis et al., 2019). The known hosts include White Oak (Quercus alba), Scarlet Oak (Q. coccinea), Bea...The adults come to lights and the larvae can be found in leaf rolls on fresh spring growth. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU We currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species to assess its conservation status. ...
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Platynota rostrana
Omnivorous Platynota Moth
MONA_number: 3745.00
Hindwings in the males have a row of comparatively broad cream orange scales along anal margin (Powell and Brown, 2012). Females are identifiable by their markings, which in Powell and Brown's plate (......Larvae have been recorded on a number of mainly tropical and subtropical species, the following of which have been recorded in North Carolina: Bagpod (Sesbania vesicaria), peppers (Capsicum sp., and L......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Platynota stultana
MONA_number: 3736.00
The forewing of males is two-toned: dark brown in the basal half and pale orange-brown, tan, or yellowish in the distal half (Powell and Brown, 2012). In the females, the forewing is more evenly brown......Larvae are polyphagous, feeding on a wide range of trees, shrubs, and forbs, including a number of crop species (Powell and Brown, 2012).......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR] SNAThis species may have originated in the Southwest but became adapted to feeding on a wide variety of crop species and has now spread far beyond its point of origin (Powell and Brown, 2021). It is cons...
Phyllonorycter aeriferella
MONA_number: 726.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following is mostly based on descriptions provided by Clemens (1859) and Braun (1908). The antenna is dark brown above and white beneath. The front of the head is silvery white, while the vertex, ...This species exploits oaks, and is found in a wide variety of habitats that range from bottomland forests to drier forested bluffs and ridges. ...The larvae feed on a wide selection of oaks (Eiseman, 2019). Documented hosts include White Oak (Quercus alba), Swamp White Oak (Q. bicolor), Southern Red Oak (Q. falcata), Bear ...The adults are attracted to UV lights and have been successfully reared from leaf mines. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state to accurately assess its conservation status. ...
Pachypolia atricornis
Three-horned Sallow
MONA_number: 9992.00
This is the only member of this solely North American genus.A medium-large Sallow. The ground color of the forewings is grayish brown overlaid with an olive tint. The antemedian and postmedian lines are both highly waved, composed of a series of white lunules ...Most of our records come from stands of Northern Hardwoods at elevations above 4,000', with two others from slightly lower sites but similar vegetation....Larval hosts used in the wild have not been determined, but captive reared larvae fed upon Maples and Cherries (Wagner et al., 2011)....All of our records were obtained using blacklight traps but this species is also known to come to bait (Grehan and Parker, 1995)....Listed as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G3G4 S2S3This species is considered rare or uncommon throughout its range, the main portion of which is located in the upper Midwest, and we have only a few records for this species in the Southern Appalachian...
Platypolia anceps
MONA_number: 9976.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Ectoedemia trinotata
MONA_number: 41.00
This genus includes 15 Nearctic species of small, leaf-mining moths. The following description is based on Wilkinson and Newton (1981) and Braun (1917). The tuft on the front of the head is ochreous, while the vertex is paler. The palps are whitish, and the basal segme...This species exploits hickories and is associated with both bottomland and upland hardwood forests that support the host plants. Examples include bottomland floodplain forests, forested slopes with r...The reported hosts include Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis), Shagbark Hickory (C. ovata), Sand Hickory (C. pallida), and Mockernut Hickory (C. tomentosa). As of 2021,...The adults appear to rarely visit lights, and most records are based on either leaf mines or individuals that were reared from hickories. The leaf mines are small and easily overlooked, so care needs ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient information on the distribution and abundance of this species in North Carolina to assess its conservation status. Recent efforts to find leaf mines have yielded se...
Ectoedemia nyssaefoliella
MONA_number: 50.00
This genus includes 15 Nearctic species of very small, leaf-mining moths. The following description of the adults is based on Braun (1917) and Wilkinson and Newton (1981). The tuft on the front of the head is ochreous, while that on the vertex is orange-ochreous. The palps ...Local populations are strongly dependent on Black Gum for successful reproduction. This species occurs in a variety of mesic and dry forests such as oak-hickory forests and pine-oak-heath communities....The only known host is Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica). ...The adults appear to rarely visit lights and most adult records are for reared individuals. Braun (1917) noted that this is one of the most abundant Ectoedemia species, and that moths are often...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4-S5This species appears to be widespread and locally common in the western half of the state. Numerous local populations have been documented since 2015 based on mine records. ...
Olethreutes corylana
MONA_number: 2805.00
...Our sites for this species include both riparian and upland forest habitats...Larvae feed on species of Corylus, with C. americanus specifically listed (Brown et al., 2008; Robinson et al., 2010)......GNR S3S4...
Phyllonorycter propinquinella
Cherry Blotch Miner Moth
MONA_number: 784.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following description is primarily based on Braun's (1908) original description of the species. The antenna is dark gray, and the face and palps are silvery. The tuft is dark brown with a mix of ...Phyllonorycter propinquinella appears to only use Black Cherry as a host. Black Cherry is a seral species that germinates poorly in full shade, but is common in many mesic forests and second-gr...The only documented host is Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), but other Prunus species could potentially be used. ...The adults appear to rarely visit lights. We recommend searching for the tentiform mines and rearing adults. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Coptotriche badiiella
MONA_number: 129.00
Coptotriche is a genus of specialized leafminers that currently consists of 28 recognized Nearctic species. Most species fall within one of two major groups. Members of the first group typically have orangish to yellowish forewings (rarely white) and specialize on oaks and chestnuts, while members of the second group have dark gray, brown, or blackish forewings and mostly feed on members of the Rosaceae (Braun, 1972; Eiseman, 2019).The following is from Braun's (1972) description based on studies of 164 specimens from throughout the range of the species. The face and antennal scape are either white or faintly tinged with ocherou...This species relies heavily on White Oak and presumably is restricted to habitats with the host species, including urban landscapes and hardwood and mixed hardwood-pine forests. ...Records of mines -- or adults reared from mines -- are almost always from White Oak (Quercus alba), which is common throughout the state. Braun (1972) reported the use of Pin Oak (Q. palust...Most of the specimens in collections are from individuals that were reared from White Oak, suggesting that the adults rarely visit lights. We recommend searching for mines and rearing adults after th...GNR SUWe do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of this species to assess its conservation status. It appeared to be rare in North Carolina, but recent searches for leaf mines have yi...