Moths of North Carolina
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Cabera variolaria
Vestal Moth
MONA_number: 6678.00
The genus Cabera as currently conceived is found in North and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Some 30 species are known of which 5 occur in the United States and 3 are found in North Carolina.A medium-sized, white Geometrid usually marked with three grayish lines. Keys for specimens of Cabera from North America are given in Forbes (1948) and McGuffin (1981). For the most part, however, th...Associated with Populus and Salix elsewhere but in North Carolina so far found only with Salix and the open, streamside habitats where willow is common. It has been recorded flying with C. erythemaria...Both Populus and Salix species are used further north. We have no larval records but in North Carolina adults have been collected only in the vicinity of Salix. ...Adults readily come to light and can be flushed near willows during the day. It is unlikely they respond to baits....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S3S4]We still have records from only scattered sites, mostly concentrated in the southern half of the mountains. However, its habitats and host plants are widespread in this region and it is observed regul...
Phyllonorycter diversella
MONA_number: 750.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The external morphology of Phyllonorycter diversella varies substantially and may possibly reflect sexual differences, geographic variation, or seasonal variation. Braun's (1916) originally de...This species is polyphagous and uses several species in the Ericaceae that are typically associated with mesic to dry forests. ...The known hosts include Sourwood (Oxydendron arboreum), and several species of Gaylussacia and Vaccinium (Eiseman, 2019). ...The adults appear to only rarely visit lights and are best obtained by rearing them from mines. This is the only species of Phyllonorycter that uses Sourwood, so mines found on this species ca...GNR SUAs of 2020, we have only one record for the state. ...
Synanthedon fatifera
Lesser Viburnum Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2555.00
......Larvae feed on species of Viburnum (Robinson et al., 2010)......GNR S1S3...
Glyptocera consobrinella
MONA_number: 5745.00
......Larvae may feed primarily on Viburnum, although Maple has also been reported as a host (Neunzig, 1991). Viburnum rafinesqueanum has been documented as a host plant in North Carolina (Neunzig, 1991)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S2S3...
Phycitodes unidentified species
MONA_number: 5946.21
............
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Pococera militella
Sycamore Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5604.00
...Nearly all of our records come from riparian habitats or sites located near water...Larvae feed on Sycamore (Forbes, 1923; Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Ancylis platanana
MONA_number: 3370.00
The following is based in part on the description by Forbes (1923). The ground color of the forewing and thorax is creamy white and overlain with rusty ochre. The base of the forewing is creamy white...Based on the host plants, this species is probably strongly associated with riparian forests, including most types of Levee Forests and Alluvial Forests in the Piedmont and Mountains and Brownwater Le...Ancylis platanana appears to be stenophagous on Platanus species (Brown et al., 2008). In North Carolina, this moth is probably monophagous on American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S3S5]...
Acronicta longa
Long-winged Dagger
MONA_number: 9264.00
One of 74 species in this genus found in North America north of Mexico (Schmidt and Anweiler, 2020), 42 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Impleta is a member of Species Group V of Forbes (1954), which in North Carolina also includes impleta, noctivaga, impressa, oblinita, lanceolaria, and sinescripta....Wagner et al. (2011) list dry woods, barrens, prairies, and dry fields as habitats used by this species. Most of our records in the Coastal Plain match that description, coming from dune grasslands, s...Larvae feed on a wide range of hardwoods, shrubs, and vines (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4S5...
Hypagyrtis unipunctata
One-spotted Variant Moth
MONA_number: 6654.00
This New World genus contains 7 species, 1 neotropical and 6 from North America, three of which occur in North Carolina (piniata may also be possibly present in the mountains -- Wagner et al., 2001). This genus shows a large range of variation, however, and its taxonomy still appears to be unsettled. Forbes (1948) stated that "the species or forms of this genus are completely confused and show no satisfactory differences in genitalia -- they may be merely races and strains, but breeding from known foods will be needed to make sure."This is a highly variable species. Forbes (1948) describes six different species that are now all included within unipunctata (Hodges et al., 1983). He describes most of these forms as having the gr...We have records for this species from virtually all natural habitats in North Carolina, including maritime and estuarine evergreen forests; pocosins and other peatlands; longleaf pine savannas, flatwo...Polyphagous, feeding on a wide range of woody shrubs and trees. Broadleaf species are the main ones reported, but Forbes also mentions one larva taken from pine that was attributed to one of the form...Adults have short, non-functional mouthparts (Forbes, 1948); consequently, they do not come to bait or show up at flowers. They appear to come fairly well to blacklights with a maximum of 63 captured...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Unless individual forms of this species are separated into more hostplant- or habitat-specific clades, unipunctata appears to be an extremely widespread habitat generalist in North Carolina and of no...
Argyresthia thuiella
Arborvitae Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 2481.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Zale galbanata
Maple Zale
MONA_number: 8692.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaTypically gray to grayish-brown with a pattern of thin wavy lines; also shows some of the same variations found in minerea and other species, including forms having contrasting areas of dark and ligh...Most of our records (>85%) come from rich, alluvial floodplains where Boxelder is a prominent species. In the Coastal Plain, records come almost entirely from brownwater rivers, including the Roanoke...Stenophagous, feeding only on maples. Wagner et al. (2011) specifically mention Boxelder (Acer negundo), but suggest that other maples may also be possibly used. If Red Maple (Acer rubrum) were comm...Appears to come moderately well to blacklights, with up to nine having been collected in a single trap. Also comes well to bait, including wine ropes....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]Appears to be a habitat specialist, occurring primarily in rich alluvial forests. While probably widespread enough to be relatively secure across the state, it is likely to be affected by the creatio...
Zale minerea
Colorful Zale
MONA_number: 8697.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaOne of our largest Zales but slightly smaller than Zale lunata. Like lunata, it shows a range of coloration and patterning, most of which overlap those of lunata. The degree of waviness of the postme...Occurs primarily in bottomlands in the Coastal Plain with almost no records from peatland or Longleaf Pine habitats; it also appears to be missing from maritime forests. Occurs in both upland and bott...Polphagous, feeding on a wide range of woody plants, including at least some conifers in addition to broad-leaved species (Wagner et al., 2011)....Comes to blacklights but usually in small numbers, with up to 5 collected in a single trap. Baiting is a much more productive sampling method, as is true for most Zales....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]Given its wide range of larval host plants, broad habitat associations, and extensive occurrence across the state, this species appears to be secure....
Lacinipolia laudabilis
Laudable Arches Moth
MONA_number: 10411.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pangrapta decoralis
Decorated Owlet Moth
MONA_number: 8490.00
...Our records come from virtually all heath-containing habitats in the state, ranging from pocosins to high elevation rocky summits....Oligophagous, larvae feed on a wide range of heaths, including Vaccinium, Gaylussacia, Sourwood, and Lyonia (Staggerbush, Lyonia mariana) (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Ponometia candefacta
Olive-shaded Bird-dropping Moth
MONA_number: 9090.00
One of 34 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Our records come primarily from open herbaceous habitats, including maritime dune grasslands; Longleaf Pine savannas, flatwoods, and sand ridges; lake shorelines; and wet meadows...Larvae feed on Ragweeds, including Annual and Giant Ragweed (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
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Peridea angulosa
Angulose Prominent
MONA_number: 7920.00
...Barrens, woodlands, and forests (Wagner, 2005). WE have records from essentially the entire spectrum of oak-hickory forests in the state, including maritime forests, bottomland forest, mesic slopes, d...Larvae feed on oaks, questionably on hickory (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Semioscopis packardella
Packard's Concealer Moth
MONA_number: 912.00
Semioscopis is a small genus with 13 recognized species, six of which occur in North America. The following is based on the description in Clarke (1941). The labial palp is sordid white and the second segment is overlaid with blackish fuscous exteriorly, except at the base and apex. The third ...The specific habitat requirements are poorly documented. ...The hosts are unknown, but Hodges (1974) surmised that the larvae feed on Crataegus, Prunus, and Sorbus species based on the close similarity of this species to a European species...The adults are attracted to lights....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU. Semioscopis packardella is near the southern limit of its range in western North Carolina and appears to be uncommon in the western mountains. We need additional data on its distribution and a...
Palthis angulalis
Dark-spotted Palthis Moth
MONA_number: 8397.00
...Wagner et al. (2011) list forests and woodlands as habitat. Our records largely agree with that description, with almost all coming from forested habitats rather than open, herb-dominated sites....Broadly polyphagous. Larvae feed on diverse range of forbs, hardwoods, and conifers (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Nola triquetrana
Three-spotted Nola
MONA_number: 8992.00
...Associated with hardwood forests in the Mountains, Piedmont, and at least some sites in the Coastal Plain. A possible association with pocosin habitats needs to be investigated....Feeds primarily on Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) (Wagner et al., 2011), but Jim Petranka recently found larvae feeding on Fothergilla major, a member of the same family as Witch Hazel (Hamamelida......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Acronicta hasta
Speared Dagger
MONA_number: 9229.00
One of 74 species in this genus found in North America north of Mexico (Schmidt and Anweiler, 2020), 42 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. This species is placed in subgenus Agriopodes by Schmidt and Anweiler, and in the Hasta Species Group. Other members of this group in North Carolina include hamamelis, lithospila, innotata, betulae, radcliffei, interrupta, laetifica, spingigera, superans, morula, and lobeliae....According to Wagner (2005), habitats include fields, powerlines rights-of-way, and woodlands. Our records come mainly from upland habitats, but we also have them from the barrier islands, Coastal Plai...Larvae are stenophagous, feeding on Black Cherry and other members of Prunus (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
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Clepsis persicana
White-triangle Tortrix Moth
MONA_number: 3682.00
...All of our records for this species come from high elevations, mainly in Spruce-Fir forests...Polyphagous, feeding on spruce, fir, maple, birch, alder, and forbs (Brown et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S2S3...
Parornix geminatella
Unspotted Tentiform Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 673.00
The genus Parornix contains around 70 species of small moths that are mostly found in north temperate regions. They are well represented in North America, but many are difficult to distinguish on external morphology and require the examination of genitalia. The last major taxonomic treatment was by Dietz (1907). There are several undescribed species that are known, and a modern taxonomic treatment is needed. The following description is based on those of Dietz (1907) and Forbes (1923). The head is rough-haired, with the hairs more or less appressed on the face. There are two large tufts on the vertex that...The larvae are polyphagous on members of the rose family and feed on both commercial species (apples; pears) and on native species. They occupy a variety of habitats, including hardwood forests, fores...Larvae feed on members of the Rosaceae. Eiseman (2019) lists species of Crataegus, Cydonia, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus and probably Amelanchier. As of 2021, our on...The adults appear to only rarely visit lights. We recommending rearing adults from leaf mines. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Bondia crescentella
MONA_number: 2319.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Syndemis afflictana
Gray Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 3672.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Leuconycta lepidula
Marbled-green Leuconycta Moth
MONA_number: 9066.00
...Wagner et al. (2011) list fields, wet meadows, marshes, and mesic woodlands as habitats used by this species. Our records mainly come from montane cove forests....Larvae have been reared on Dandelion and Dock in captivity but wild hosts are unknown (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
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Cydia marita
MONA_number: 3448.20
...Woodlands containing pines (Brown and Jaeger, 2014)...Probably feeds on pines (Brown and Jaeger, 2014).........
Euplexia benesimilis
American Angle Shades Moth
MONA_number: 9545.00
...Wagner et al. (2011) list woodlands and forests as habitats used by this species. The vast majority of our records come from the Mountains, where it occurs in high elevation forests, mountain bogs, ri...Larvae feed mainly on ferns, but they have also been reported from Alders, Willows, Asters, Huckleberries, Trilliums, and Sunflowers (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Bellura obliqua
Cattail Borer
MONA_number: 9525.00
...Cattail marshes...Larvae feed on cattails (Forbes, 1954)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S4S5...
Schizura concinna
Red-humped Caterpillar Moth
MONA_number: 8010.00
...Forests, woodlands, coastal scrub, yards, and fields (Wagner, 2005). Our records come from a variety of forested and open habitats, including both dry and wet sites....Polyphagous, feeding on many species of hardwood trees and shrubs (Wagner, 2005). Larvae have been frequently found on Persimmon in the Sandhills.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Zale duplicata
Pine False Looper
MONA_number: 8703.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North Carolina.Belongs to a group of pine-feeding Zales, all of which possess a sharp, outward-pointing tooth on the antemedian line where the radial vein crosses. Duplicata is one of the boldest-marked species in ...Recorded in North Carolina in both lowland areas, e.g., along the New River, and drier ridges, all with White Pine probably present....Essentially monophagous, feeding only on White Pine (Pinus strobus) in our area (Wagner et al., 2011)...Appears to come well to blacklights, with records of 26 and 37 being collected in single traps. Like other Zales, it probably also comes well to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S3S5Although a uncommonly collected species in North Carolina, too little is known about the distribution and habitat affinities of buchholzi to estimate its conservation needs....
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Caloptilia invariabilis
Cherry Leaf-cone Caterpillar Moth
MONA_number: 609.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described from North America north of Mexico. The larvae mostly feed on woody plants and begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders. The latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe. The adults are rather uniformly colored on the forewings, upper thorax, upper head, and labial palps with deep saffron. Crimson and pale blue reflections are sometimes evident on the forewings, and th...Populations in North Carolina appear to be common at higher elevations, perhaps because of the strong reliance of this species on Fire Cherry. ...Caloptilia invariabilis specializes on Prunus species, particularly Fire Cherry (P. pensylvanica). Braun (1935) found specimens on Chickasaw Plum (P. angustifolia) in the ...Adults are attracted to UV lights. Larvae can be located by searching for curled leaf-tips on Fire Cherry or other Prunus species in the mountains. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Pseudexentera costomaculana
MONA_number: 3257.00
...Our records all come from mesic stands of hardwood forest...Larvae feed on Witch Hazel (Miller, 1986; Brown et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Euthyatira pudens
Dogwood Thyatirid Moth
MONA_number: 6240.00
......Larvae feed on Dogwoods, particularly Cornus florida (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Lithophane viridipallens
Pale Green Pinion
MONA_number: 9905.00
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Catocala ultronia
Ultronia Underwing
MONA_number: 8857.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group XVII (also adopted by Forbes, 1954), which feed mainly on members of the Rosaceae; 12 other members of this group (as redefined by Kons and Borth, 2015b) also occur in North Carolina.......Larvae are oligophagous, feeding on several members of the Rosaceae. Wagner et al. (2011) state that Prunus species are the main host plants but that they also use Apple and Hawthorn to some extent.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
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Lithophane unimoda
Dowdy Pinion
MONA_number: 9916.00
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina......Larvae feed mainly on Cherries but also on other members of the Rosaceae, including Crabapple and Plum; other species include Tupelo (Wagner et al., 2011); other hosts may be in error.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Eupsilia vinulenta
Straight-Toothed Sallow
MONA_number: 9933.00
A genus of the Northern Hemisphere with some 17 described species, including 8 in North America, with several more about to be described. North Carolina has 6 described and 1 undescribed species, some of which are extremely similar in wing pattern.The commonest species found so far in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain areas. Much like a less boldly marked and larger E. trisigmata. Although Eupsilia schweitzeri is confused with E. cirripalea in t...The caterpillars have been found on a wide variety of plants and adults are taken in woodlands and backyards throughout the Piedmont and Coastal Plain areas. Accordingly, we are unable to suggest a s...Reported from many woody plants, especially Black Cherry. The larva is like other Eupsilia species and cannot be recognized with certainty (see more in Wagner el al (2011)). This will be the most li...Adults readily come to bait and have been collected in light traps....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]This species is widespread in North Carolina, feeds on common host plants, and occupies a wide range of habitats. Consequently, we regard it as secure within the state....
Zale metatoides
Washed-out Zale
MONA_number: 8707.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaBelongs to a group of pine-feeding Zales, all of which possess a sharp, outward-pointing tooth on the antemedian line where the radial vein crosses. Metatoides is similar in color but slightly darker...Records come from a fairly wide range of pine-containing habitats, including Maritime Evergreen Forests, riparian and lakeshore forests, and dry ridges....Stenophagous, feeding solely on hard pines (subgenus Pinus). Wagner (2005) specifically mentions Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida), Shortleaf Pine (P. echinata), and Scrub Pine (P. virginiana), all of which ...May come poorly to lights, which could explain the scarcity of records for what should be a fairly common species. Probably comes well to bait, like other members of this genus....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]Although seemingly an uncommon species in North Carolina, too little is known about the distribution and habitat affinities of metatoides to estimate its conservation needs....
Zale metata
MONA_number: 8708.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaBelongs to a group of pine-feeding Zales, all of which possess a sharp, outward-pointing tooth on the antemedian line where the radial vein crosses. Metata is a light brown member of this group, clos...Scrub Pine typically grows on dry upland sites, including old fields (Weakley, 2012); it is also common on badly eroded sites or other areas with severe soil disturbance. Our records come primarily fr...Essentially monophagous, feeding only on Scrub Pine (Pinus virginiana) in our area (Forbes, 1954; Wagner et al., 2011)...May come poorly to lights, which could explain the scarcity of records for what should be a fairly common species. Probably comes well to bait, like other members of this genus....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]Although seemingly an uncommon species in North Carolina, too little is known about the distribution and habitat affinities of metata to estimate its conservation needs....
Platyptilia carduidactylus
Artichoke Plume Moth
MONA_number: 6109.00
Identifiable through photographs (D. Lott, pers. comm. to JBS).............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Spilosoma congrua
Agreeable Tiger Moth
MONA_number: 8134.00
One of eight species in this genus found in North America, four of which have been recorded in North CarolinaWhite with a variable amount of black spotting, ranging from all white to moderately spotted. In more heavily marked individuals, a broken postmedian line is present with spots also located in the me...Occurs in a wide variety of open and forested habitats across the state, including dune grasslands on the barrier islands (at least at Jockey's Ridge); Longleaf Pine savannas, flatwoods, and sandhills...Polyphagous, like other members of this genus, feeding on a wide range of herbaceous and woody plants (Forbes, 1960; Wagner, 2005)....Comes well to blacklights but not at all to bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]This is one of our most abundant and ubiquitous species, occurring in most open and wooded habitats across the state. It appears to be quite secure....
Hyphantria cunea
Fall Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 8140.00
The only member of its genus in North America. Two species, cunea and textor, have been recognized in the past (e.g., Brimley, 1938; Forbes, 1960), but only cunea is considered valid now (Hodges, et al., 1983).Adults are white with variable amounts of black spotting. They are typically smaller but similar to Spilosoma species, also possessing yellow on fore-coxae and femora like all but S. latipennis. Par...Wagner (2005) lists the habitats of this species as "yards and parks, fields, fencerows, woodlands, and forests." In North Carolina, it is found in most habitats that possess hardwood trees, includin...Polyphagous, but feeding solely on hardwood trees, unlike most other members of the Arctiinae. Recorded from over 400 species of hardwoods (Wagner, 2005) ...Populations are easily detected by the communal webs made by the larvae. Adults come well to blacklights, with up to 90 being collected in a single trap. None have been recorded at bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]This species is abundant, widespread, and makes use of a wide variety of habitats across the state, including wooded residential areas. It appears to be quite secure....
Trichodezia albovittata
White-striped Black Moth
MONA_number: 7430.00
...Forests and woodlands (Wagner et al., 2001). Our records come almost entirely from northern hardwoods, cove forests, and montane riparian forests....Larvae feed on Impatiens (Wagner et al., 2001)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Caloptilia hypericella
MONA_number: 608.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described from North America north of Mexico. The larvae mostly feed on woody plants and begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders. The latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe. This species lacks the bold patterning that is seen in many Caloptilia and has an overall drab, ochreous coloration with darker mottling. Braun (1918) described the forewings as having an ochr...Given the large number of host species used, populations likely occur in a wide range of habitats such as old fields, roadsides, rocky woods, and dry to mesic forests. ...As the name implies, C. hypericella is a specialist on Hypericum species (St. John's Wort). Eiseman (2019) found this species on Triadenum, which is now generally treated as bein...The adults appear to only rarely visit lights, and searching for leaf mines on Hypericum species may be the most productive way to document local populations. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUCaloptilia hypericella appears to be uncommon throughout its range based on the rather small number of locality records for eastern North America. ...
Paralobesia cyclopiana
MONA_number: 2727.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Cissusa spadix
Black-dotted Brown Moth
MONA_number: 8592.00
...Our records come from a wide range of wet, mesic, and dry forests, from the barrier islands to high mountains...Larvae feed mainly on Oaks, including Red, White, and Live; may also feed on Hickories and other species during outbreaks (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 [S4]...
Zale unilineata
One-lined Zale
MONA_number: 8716.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA large, pale-to-warm brown Zale without strong constrasting zones across the wings, although the terminal area is usually grayer than the inner portions of the wing (Forbes, 1954). The basal, anteme...Our records come from mesic-to-dry sites in the Mountains, but it is not clear whether Black Locust is growing under completely natural conditions at all these sites or may have been planted. In the ...Monophagous, reported to feed only on Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) (Forbes, 1954; Wagner, 2005; Wagner et al., 2011)....Appears to come quite well to blacklights with large numbers having been taken in single traps. Like other Zales, it probably also comes well to bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]The natural habitats used by this species are unclear; Black Locust is often associated with rural lands in North Carolina and is now often planted well outside of their natural range within the state...
Zomaria interruptolineana
Broken-line Zomaria Moth
MONA_number: 2750.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Elaphria georgei
George's Midget Moth
MONA_number: 9680.00
One of fourteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Our records come primarily from wet habitats, including bottomland forests, peatlands, wet savannas, and lakeshores. Both closed-canopy forests are used as well as open shrublands and forblands....Larvae have been reared in captivity on bark algae and fungi (T. MacCabe, cited in Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S3S4...
Caloptilia superbifrontella
MONA_number: 641.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.The upper head and forewings have a light reddish-violet ground color. The remainder of the forewing consists of a pale yellow streak on the inner margin at the base, and a conspicuous pale yellow cos...Adults oviposit on Witch Hazel, which occurs statewide in a variety of forested settings that range from moderately dry to mesic conditions. Examples include oak-hickory forests, mesic mixed hardwood...Larvae feed on Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Tracy Feldman found mines that resemble those of this species on Coastal Witch-alder (Fothergilla gardenii) in North Carolina (Eiseman,...Adults are attracted to UV-lights. Local population can be easily documented by searching for leaf rolls of Witch-hazel and Fothergilla. This is the only leaf-rolling species that feeds on the...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...