Beetles of North Carolina
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Photinus pyralis
checklist_number: 62001010027.00
Pale pygidium, pale trailing edge to segment 5, and round black spot on pronotum...............
Ellipsoptera lepida
Ghost Tiger Beetle
checklist_number: 6006007115.00
One of thirteen species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico with a few also extending southward (Pearson et al., 2015); four have been recorded in North Carolina....This species is restricted to deep loose sands associated with actively accreting or drifting sand dunes with minimal vegetation. Our records come from two such sites located on a barrier island where...Predacious, presumably feeding on a wide variety of small insects and other arthropods...This species is highly camouflaged and often relies on remaining still to avoid detection rather than running or flying to escape (Knisley and Schultz, 1997). It active to some extent during the day b...This species is listed as Significantly Rare by the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, which gives it some value in identifying priority natural areas for conservation but does not give it any sort of legal protection. Nor is protection provided by either the Federal or State Endangered Species Acts. While all species are eligible for federal protection, the populations of this species are still considered relatively secure at the national level, and in the case of North Carolina endangered species protection, no insects even qualify for statewide protection no matter how endangered they might be within the state. This is markedly different from the case of vertebrates, molluscs, or crustaceans, all of which may receive protection from hunting, collection, or other forms of exploitation depending on their state conservation status. Individual state agencies -- such as the Division of Parks and Recreation and Wildlife Resources Commission -- can nonetheless require permits for collecting insects on lands they own or manage. The same is true for other types of nature preserves.S1G3G4SRThis species is uncommon to rare throughout its range (G3G4) and is known in North Carolina from only two nearby sites. It is definitely a resident species rather than a transient, however, based on o...
Cicindela ancocisconensis
Appalachian Tiger Beetle
checklist_number: 6006004047.00
One of 38 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pearson et al., 2015), 12 of which have been recorded in North Carolina...This species primarily inhabits shady, sandy or silty margins of mountain streams and rivers (Knisley and Schultz, 1987). Larval burrows have been found in dry sand or silt deposits located 1-5 meters...Predacious, presumably feeding primarily on a wide variety of small, riparian insects and other arthropods...Adults are well camouflaged on their wet sand and silt habitats but are quite active during the day, when their movements make them easy to spot...This species is listed as Significantly Rare by the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, which gives it some value in identifying priority natural areas for conservation but does not give it any sort of legal protection. Nor is protection provided by either the Federal or State Endangered Species Acts. While all species are eligible for federal protection, the populations of this species are still considered relatively secure at the national level, and in the case of North Carolina endangered species protection, no insects even qualify for statewide protection no matter how endangered they might be within the state. This is markedly different from the case of vertebrates, molluscs, or crustaceans, all of which may receive protection from hunting, collection, or other forms of exploitation depending on their state conservation status. Individual state agencies -- such as the Division of Parks and Recreation and Wildlife Resources Commission -- can nonetheless require permits for collecting insects on lands they own or manage. The same is true for other types of nature preserves.S1S2G3SRThis is a globally uncommon species that has declined significantly in some parts of its range and appears to be continuing to decline (NatureServe Explorer, 2018). We currently know of only fivee rec...
Cicindela hirticollis
Hairy-necked Tiger Beetle
checklist_number: 6006004020.00
One of 38 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pearson et al., 2015), 12 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaMost individuals possess three complete maculations. However, variation in the thickness and/or completeness of these markings often occurs among individuals within a population, as illustrated by som...Most of our records come from beaches on barrier islands or other tidewater shorelines. Knisley and Schultz (1997) also list the shorelines of large rivers and lakes. In all these cases, wet sands app...Predacious, presumably feeding on a wide variety of small insects and other beach invertebrates...This species is well-camouflaged against wet-sand substrates, but is often found in large numbers where movements of masses of individuals make them conspicuous (Knisley and Schultz, 1997)....As with other North Carolina insects, no state laws provide them any protection. Permits must be obtained, however, to collect them in State Parks and other nature preservesSNR [S2S3]G5T4[W3]This species often co-occurs with Habroscelimorpha dorsalis and like that species appears to be declining due to barrier shoreline development and to trampling of larval habitat due to intensive recre...
Trechus luculentus luculentus
checklist_number: 6011010036.10
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus luculentus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to luculentus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Although originally found at one of the highest elevations in North Carolina, Barr (1979) subsequently found it as low as 2,200', providing substantial connections between subpopulations throughout th...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GHTH [G23T23][SR]This subspecies is endemic to the Great Smoky Mountains but occurs at a number of locations and elevations within the National Park. Consequently, it is probably less vulnerable to climate change than...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus unicoi
checklist_number: 6011010063.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus unicoi belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to unicoi, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Stratton Meadows is 4,314' and is covered mainly in high elevation hardwoods. Barr (1979) also found it at 3,000' in Joyce Kilmer Memorial Forest, famous for its old growth stands of cove forest...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2][GNR][SR]This species occurs over a wider altitudinal range than most members of its genus and a portion of its range is included in federally designated wilderness. Nonetheless, this species occupies a very s...
Trechus luculentus wayahensis
checklist_number: 6011010036.40
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus luculentus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to luculentus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Reddish piceous, shining" (Barr,1989). This subspecies is distinguished primarily by morphological characters. Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photog...All sites where this species has been recorded are over 5,000': Wayah Bald is about 5330'; Winespring Bald is 5461'; Copper Ridge Bald is 5260. All support forests composed of high elevation hardwoods...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2][G2G33T2][SR]This species is endemic to the Nantahala Mountains. Like most of the members of this genus, T. luculenus wayahensis is a high elevation inhabitant of cold, wet microclimates. It is very likely to be h...
Trechus talequah
checklist_number: 6011010052.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus talequah belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1962, 1979). In addition to talequah, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....The elevation of Haws Knob is about 5,478'; the summit is covered with high elevation hardwood forest (based on Google Earth). Haoe Lead and Johns Knob are about 4,560' and 4900' respectively and also...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GNR[SR]This species is known solely from the Unicoi Mountains on ridgetops above 4,500'. As such, it is probably vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change....
Trechus verus
checklist_number: 6011010066.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus verus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to verus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Pale piceous, shining" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....The three sites where this species has been recorded are above 6,000' or just below: Mt. Sterling is 5,843', Cataloochee Balsam is 5,970', and Old Black is 6,371'. All three peaks are covered with Spr...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GNR[SR]This species is associated with Spruce-fir Forests on a few peaks at the east end of the Great Smoky Mountains. It is probably highly vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change and...
Trechus uncifer
checklist_number: 6011010062.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus uncifer belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to uncifer, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."Pale piceous, shining" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....All recorded localities are above 5,500 and support stands of Spruce-fir Forest. Donabauer (2005a) reported finding specimens on wet cliffs, under wet stones and moss mats in Spruce-fir forests. At Mt...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GNR[SR]This species is nearly endemic to North Carolina, restricted to Spruce-fir forests growing along the crest of the Great Smoky Mountains and Waterrock Knob in the Plott Balsams. This species is probabl...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus valentinei
checklist_number: 6011010064.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus valentinei belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to valentinei, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Piceous, more or less pale, shining, form moderately robust and subconvex" (Barr, 1979). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to id...Barr gives the elevation range as 3500' to 6000' but states that "Trechus valentinei is an inhabitant of the high spruce-fir forests of the Great Smokies, where it occurs under rocks beside streams an...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GNR[SR]This species is endemic to Spruce-fir forests growing along the crest of the Great Smoky Mountains. It is very likely to be vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change, as well as t...
Trechus nebulosus
checklist_number: 6011010038.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus nebulosus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to nebulosus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Black to dark piceous, disc of the pronotum and antennal segments III-V slightly darker" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to...Known only from high altitudes (5000-6300 feet) along the crest of the Great Smoky Mountains {Barr, 1962). Donabauer (2005b) also reported finding it only at the highest elevations of the GSM ridge, w...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S2]GNR[SR]This species is restricted to the highest elevations in our mountains. As a species requiring extremely cool, moist habitats it is likely to be especially imperiled by the drying and warming impacts o...
Trechus schwarzi schwarzi
checklist_number: 6011010022.10
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus schwarzi belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, caliginis, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....The type locality as identified by Barr, Retreat, is situated in a valley below 4,000' in elevation although several of the ridges in this vicinity exceed 4,000' and Cold Mountain is higher than 6,000...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS2][GNR][SR]This subspecies is restricted to a single mountain range (Great Balsams) in North Carolina. As with our other narrowly endemic species of Trechus, it is likely to be highly vulnerable to the warming a...
Trechus vandykei pisgahensis
checklist_number: 6011010065.20
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1962). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012).Very similar to the nominate subspecies: "dark piceous, shining, robust and subconvex" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be...Occurs at elevations between 4,700' and 5,400', where it commonly is found under moss mats on boulders (Barr, 1979). Occurs in association primarily with high elevation hardwood forests....Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S2S3]GNR[W3]This species is endemic to a small area in the Southern Appalachians but has several populations where it is considered relatively common. Nonetheless, it appears to be restricted to high elevations a...
Trechus vandykei vandykei
checklist_number: 6011010065.10
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1962). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012)."Dark piceous, shining, robust and subconvex" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....This subspecies occurs at high elevations, with all sites around 5,000' or above. Several of these sites support Spruce-fir Forests but others are covered with high elevation hardwoods. ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S2S3]GNR[W3]This species is endemic to a small area in the Southern Appalachians but has several populations where it is considered relatively common. Nonetheless, it appears to be restricted to high elevations a...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus pseudonovaculosus
checklist_number: 6011010042.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus pseudonovaculosus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to pseudonovaculosus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Body entirely reddish piceous, slightly paler than in T. novaculosus, disk of pronotum sometimes darker, elytra shiny with slight bluish lustre, paler along suture. Legs and antenna entirely pale red...Clingman's Dome is 6,644? in elevation and the type specimens were found in the Spruce-fir Forest around the summit in wet places at the base of steep cliffs covered by moss (Donabauer, 2005b)...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is endemic to Clingman's Dome and is probably highly dependent on Spruce-fir Forests and their associated cool, wet, microclimates for its survival. It is therefore likely to be highly vu...
Trechus plottbalsamensis
checklist_number: 6011010040.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus plottbalsamensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Uncifer Species Group by Donabauer (2005a). In addition to plottbalsamensis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."A medium-sized species for Microtrechus, similar to T. uncifer" (Donabauer, 2005a). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identi...The summit of Waterrock Knob is 6,293' and is covered with an isolated stand of Spruce-fir Forest. The type specimens were collected from a single site by sifting wet leaf litter from beside a spring ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is known from single, isolated stand of Spruce-fir Forest and was considered very rare by its discoverer. It is likely to be among the most highly threatened species to the warming and dr...
Trechus nantahalae
checklist_number: 6011010037.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus nantahalae belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to nantahalae, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Reddish piceous, shining" (Barr,1979). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....The type specimens were collected at a seep along the Appalachian Trail, elevation 4300 feet (Bar,1989). Donabauer (2005b) collected specimens by sifting layers of wet leaves or by searching under sto...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is endemic to the Nantahala Mountains. Like most of the members of this genus, T. nantahalae is a high elevation inhabitant of cold, wet microclimates. It is very likely to be highly vuln...
Trechus luculentus joannabaldensis
checklist_number: 6011010036.30
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus luculentus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to luculentus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee.Immediately distinguished from the subspecies luculentus luculentus and wayahensis by its significantly smaller body size and paler color. Members of this genus generally show too little variation in ...Donabauer (2005b) found specimens by sifting wet leaf litter around a spring on the southern slope of Joanna Bald directly beside the forest street and in a muddy seep on the northern slope. Joanna Ba...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][G2G33T1][SR]This species is endemic to Joanna Bald. Like most of the members of this genus, T. luculenus joannabaldensis is a high elevation inhabitant of cold, wet microclimates. It is very likely to be highly v...
Trechus luculentus cheoahbaldensis
checklist_number: 6011010036.20
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus luculentus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to luculentus, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee.This subspecies is smaller than the others but is otherwise distinguished only in features of the aedeagus in males (Donabauer, 2005b). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pa...The habitat at the type locality is not described but Cheoah Bald is 5,062' in elevation and has an open, shrub bald on the south-facing slope. Most of the ridge is forested, however, and northern har...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][G23T1][SR]This species is endemic to the Cheoah Mountains. Like most of the members of this genus, T. luculenus cheoahbaldensis is a high elevation inhabitant of cold, wet microclimates. It is very likely to be...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus inexpectatus
checklist_number: 6011010035.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus inexpectatus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to inexpectatus, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."Dark castaneous; legs, mouthparts, and basal antennal segments paler but not flavous as in uncifer, consequently less contrasting" (Barr, 1985). Members of this genus generally show too little variat...The type locality is located just below the summit of Camp Creek Bald, at about 4,760' (Barr, 1985) but no other information about the habitat was provided. Hardwood forests occur over most of this ri...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SH]GNR[SR]The type series consists of just two specimens and Donabauer was unable to find any specimens in 2004, although he sampled several sites at Camp Creek Bald and found 150 specimens of other species of ...
Trechus howellae
checklist_number: 6011010034.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus howellae belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifcer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to howellae, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species...."The type series was collected from wet moss at the base of a vertical cliff face" (Barr, 1979); the elevation at this site appears to be around 4,800' (based on Google Earth). Donabauer (2005a) colle...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species appears to be endemic to a single, high elevation peak in the Nantahala Mountains. Like other members of its genus in North Carolina, it is probably highly vulnerable to the warming and d...
Trechus clingmanensis
checklist_number: 6011010030.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus clingmanensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to clingmanensis, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Body broad ovate and rather flat. Body entirely pale reddish. Legs and antenna entirely pale, not contrasting much with body" (Donabauer, 2005b). Members of this genus show too little variation in pa...The type locality has an extensive stand of Spruce-fir Forest...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is endemic to Clingman's Dome and is probably highly dependent on Spruce-fir Forests and their associated cool, wet, microclimates for its survival. It is therefore likely to be highly vu...
Trechus cheoahensis
checklist_number: 6011010029.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus cheoahensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Bosquet (2012). In addition to cheoahensis, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Moderately large... the description is otherwise identical to T. tobias" (Donabauer, 2005b). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used t...The habitat at the type locality is not described but Cheoah Bald is 5,062' in elevation and has an open, shrub bald on the south-facing slope. Most of the ridge is forested, however, and northern ha...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is endemic to the Cheoah Mountains. Like most of the members of this genus, T. cheoahensis is a high elevation inhabitant of cold, wet microclimates. It is very likely to be highly vulner...
Trechus schwarzi scopulosus
checklist_number: 6011010022.30
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus schwarzi belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, caliginis, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....All locations where this species was recorded by Barr (1979) are above 5,000' in elevation. Details of the habitat were not given but includes both Spruce-fir Forests, present at Mt. Mitchell, and hig...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1][GNRTNR][SR]This subspecies is endemic to the Black and Craggy Mountains massif and is likely to be highly vulnerable to the warming and drying effects of climate change. The last records for this beetle are pres...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus aduncus
checklist_number: 6011010025.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus aduncus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to aduncus, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."Pale piceous, shining" (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Barr collected this species at elevations ranging between 4600 and 6000 feet, usually found under wet moss in contact with a rock surface(Barr, 1979). Richland Balsam is covered with Spruce-fir but M...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1][GNR][SR]This species is endemic to a single mountain massif (Great Balsams) in North Carolina. Like the Federally Endangered Spruce-fir Moss Spider, this species is found primarily under cold, wet moss mats ...
Trechus schwarzi saludae
checklist_number: 6011010022.20
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus schwarzi belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, caliginis, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....This subspecies is unique among North Carolina species of Trechus in occurring at a much lower elevation -- only 1,300' (Barr, 1979). Barr notes, however, that the beetles were found under mosses and ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1][GNRTNR][SR]With only a single, presumably relict population located at a low elevation, this subspecies is likely to be highly vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change. The last record of i...
Trechus roanicus
checklist_number: 6011010020.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus roanicus belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, schwarzi, mitchellensis, carolinae, and caliginis; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee."Dark piceous, shining, rather convex and robust" (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species..."The species occurs under moss carpets on north-facing cliffs, in contrast to T. h. beutcnmuelleri, which is found not only in the same microhabitat but also under wood chips, under moss on logs, and ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1]GH[SR]This species is endemic to Roan Mountain where it has been found only at the highest summit. It is likely to be highly vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change. It is considered...
Trechus mitchellensis
checklist_number: 6011010014.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus mitchellensis belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, schwarzi, caligisnis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee."Dark piceous black, robust and subconvex, shining" (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular spec..."All localities are at elevations between 4800 and 6500 feet". "The usual microhabitat is under moss carpets in spruce-fir forest" (Barr, 1979)...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS2]GH[SR]This species is endemic to the Black Mountains of North Carolina and is considered globally historic (or possibly extinct) by NatureServe. No records apparently have been made since Barr last reported...
Trechus hydropicus beutenmuelleri
checklist_number: 6011010013.30
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus hyrdopicus belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus caliginis, schwarzi, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Body and elytra dark, shining piceous; legs paler piceous (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular...This species is associated with high elevation forests but is probably not restricted to Spruce-fir Forests....Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS3][GNRTNR][W3]This subspecies occupies a fairly broad area of the higher mountains of North Carolina and was described as abundant in 1979 by Barr (1979). However, as a habitat specialist with a limited global rang...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus hydropicus avus
checklist_number: 6011010013.20
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus hyrdopicus belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus caliginis, schwarzi, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Body and elytra dark, shining piceous; legs paler piceous (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Associated with high elevation forests but not exclusively with Spruce-fir Forests, which do not occur on Three Top Mountain...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1][GNRTNR][SR]With only two documented, well-separated populations, this subspecies appears to be vulnerable to complete extinction, with a warming and drying climate probably representing the main threat...
Trechus hydropicus
checklist_number: 6011010013.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus hyrdopicus belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus caliginis, schwarzi, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee.Body and elytra dark, shining piceous; legs paler piceous (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular............[S1S3]GNRThe State Rank of S1S3 applies to the species as a whole, including the intergrade population recorded at Beech Mountain. This species has been well-studied and new populations are unlikely to be disc...
Trechus carolinae
checklist_number: 6011010006.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus carolinae belongs to subgenus Trechus and is included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, schwarzi, mitchellensis, caliginis, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee."Pale, reddish-piceous, robust and very convex, shining" (Barr, 1962). Generally, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular ...Inhabits "deep spruce and fir needle duff near the summits of the Black Mountains. On Mt. Mitchell. I have taken a small number of specimens by prying back the duff layer at the bases of low, wet clif...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1]GH[SR]This species is globally known only from the type locality, where it has apparently not been seen since Barr was able to find only 8 specimens in 1960 (see Barr, 1962). Like other members of this genu...
Trechus caliginis
checklist_number: 6011010005.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus caliginis belongs to subgenus Trechus and was included in the Hydropicus Species Group by Barr (1979, 1985). Other members of this group that occur in North Carolina are Trechus hydropicus, schwarzi, mitchellensis, carolinae, and roanicus; Trechus cumberlandus is the only other member of this group and is restricted to the Cumberland Plateau in Kentucky and Tennessee."Dark castaneous to reddish castaneous; legs, mouthparts, and basal antennal segments slightly paler" (Barr, 1985). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard p...The type locality is 4,861' in elevation. The habitat was not described by Barr (1985), but based on Google Earth, most of this ridge is covered with hardwoods. As with other species of Trechus in the...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[SHS1]GNR [GHG1][SR]This species is globally known only from the type locality, where it has apparently not been seen since its discovery in 1983. Like other members of this genus, it is likely to be highly vulnerable to...
Trechus subtilis
checklist_number: 6011010051.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus subtilis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Vandykei Species Group by Donabauer (2009). In addition to subtilis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, one of which occur the mountains of southwest Virginia and the rest in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species. According to Barr(1962), T. subtilis is "similar superficially ...The summit of Mt. Sterling is 5,842' in elevation and supports a stand of Spruce-fir Forest. Eaglenest Mountain in the Plott Balsams is about 4,940' in elevation and supports a remnant stand of Spruce...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S3]GH [G1][SR]Although NatureServe considers this species to be possibly extinct, Donabauer (2009) found specimens at several locations in 2004. Nonetheless, this species has a highly restricted global range and wa...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus satanicus
checklist_number: 6011010047.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus satanicus belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to satanicus, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."Dark piceous, shining, microsculpture a fine, transverse network on pronotum and elytra"(Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to ...The sites where this species has been recorded once supported a large expanse of Spruce-fir Forest but the area was apparently badly damaged by storms or logging in the early 20th Century and subseque...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1]GH [G1][SR]Although NatureServe (accessed 2021-01-07) considers this species to be possibly extinct, it has been recorded on a couple of occasions within the last twenty years, including as recently as 2018. No...
Trechus rivulis
checklist_number: 6011010045.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus rivulis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Vandykei Species Group by Donabauer (2009). In addition to rivulis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, one of which occur the mountains of southwest Virginia and the rest in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee. Donabauer (2009) indicated that rivulus could be a synonym of barberi.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Dajoz (2005) collected the type series of this species in a stand of hardwood forest in the Buck Creek watershed in eastern Clay County. This site is best known for its possession of a serpentine barr...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]As with most other of our species of Trechus, this species appears to be endemic to a very small area and is likely to be of significant conservation concern....
Trechus pseudosubtilis
checklist_number: 6011010043.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus pseudosubtilis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Vandykei Species Group by Donabauer (2009). In addition to pseudosubtilis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, one of which occur the mountains of southwest Virginia and the rest in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."Body dark reddish piceous, paler on head, along suture and along sides of elytra; elytra shiny with strong bluish lustre; legs pale, contrasting with body; first segments of antenna pale, segment 3 o...Cataloochee Balsam is 5,970' in elevation and covered in an extensive stand of Spruce-fir Forest. "All specimens sifted from wet or humid leaf litter" Donabauer (2009)...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]As a species restricted to just a single stand of Spruce-fir Forests located on a high elevation ridgetop in the North Carolina mountains, it is probably highly vulnerable to the warming and drying im...
Trechus tusquitensis
checklist_number: 6011010061.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus tusquitensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Donabauer (2005a). In addition to tusquitensis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Donabauer's (2005a) description is virtually the same as he gave for thunderheadensis. In general, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to ide...Tusquitee Bald is 5,240' in elevation and is the highest elevation in the Tusquitee Mountains. The summit is covered with high elevation hardwood forest. Donabauer collected specimens from under stone...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is known from only a single, isolate, high elevation summit in the Tusquitee Mountains of North Carolina. Like other members of its genus, it is probably a climate relict and is highly li...
Trechus tusquitee
checklist_number: 6011010060.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1979). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012)."Form small, robust, sub-convex; color piceous, shining, appendages all pale, contrasting" (Barr, 1979). In general, members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs..."The altitudinal range of tusquitee is about 3500 to 5000 feet (1070 to 1525 m); it was collected near Old Road Gap on the slopes of Tusquitee Bald, on the north-facing cliff at the summit of Tusqui...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2][GNR][SR]This species is known from only three sites in the southwestern mountains of North Carolina. Although it has been recorded above 5,000' at one site, it has also been found below 4,000' at one site, a ...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus toxawayi
checklist_number: 6011010058.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus toxawayi belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to toxawayi, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Members of this genus show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Toxaway Mountain is 4777' in elevation and covered with high elevation hardwoods. "The type series was collected from beneath a mat of decaying leaves at the base of a low, sloping rock cliff" (Barr, ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is only known from a single, high elevation summit. In addition to the threats posed to this genus by climate change, the top of Toxaway Mountain and the adjoining ridges are being develo...
Trechus tobiasi
checklist_number: 6011010056.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus tobiasi belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Donabauer (2005b). In addition to tobiasi, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Body entirely dark piceous, elytra shiny with slight bluish lustre, paler along suture. Legs reddish, sometimes partly darkened on femur, antenna reddish piceous, darker than legs" (Donabauer, 2005b)...Tusquitee Bald is 5,240' in elevation and is covered with high elevation hardwood forest. Donabauer (2005b) reported finding this species near springs...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR}This species is known only from a single, high elevation summit. Like other members of its genus, it is probably a climate relict and highly vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate cha...
Trechus thunderheadensis
checklist_number: 6011010055.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus thunderheadensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Uncifer Species Group by Donabauer (2005a). In addition to thunderheadensis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee."The body is entirely reddish pale to almost piceous (extremely variable), elytra very shiny with a bluish lustre. The legs are entirely pale, contrasting with the body. First segments of the antennae...Thunderhead Mountain is 5,527'. The summit covered and south slope is covered with heaths but high elevation hardwoods cover the north slope (from Google Earth)...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is known from a single, high elevation summit. Like other members of this genus, it appears to be a climate relict and is probably highly vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of c...
Trechus haoe
checklist_number: 6011010032.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1979). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012)."Form small, robust, sub-convex; color piceous, shining, all appendages pale, contrasting" (Barr, 1979). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs ...Haoe Lead is a summit that is 4800' in elevation and is covered with high elevation hardwoods...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1]GNR[SR]This species is known from just two high summits in the Unicoi Mountains of Graham County. As with other members of this genus -- most of which appear climate relicts -- the warming and drying impacts...
Trechus barberi
checklist_number: 6011010027.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1962). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012)."Dark, blackish-piceous, shining, similar in form to vandykei but larger and more robust" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to...Elevations occupied by this species range from 2400 feet in the Whitewater Gorge to 6300 feet on Clingmans Dome (Barr, 1972). Habitats include primarily Spruce-fir Forests and High Elevation Hardwoods...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S3S4]GNRThis species is the most widespread of our species of Trechus and occupies one of the widest ranges of elevations and habitats. This species appears to be fairly secure, although it still occupies a c...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionS_rankG_rankstate_statusfed_statusstatus_comments
Trechus bowlingi
checklist_number: 6011010028.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). This species was placed in the Vandykei Species Group by Barr (1962). This group now contains 10 species, all of which occur in North Carolina with some extending into the neighboring states (Bosquet, 2012)."Closely similar to vandykei" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species...."Known only from the spruce-fir forests at high elevations in the Great Smoky Mountains, from 4900 feet to 6600 feet" (Barr, 1962). Micro-habitats include: moss carpets, rotting leaf litter, and wet s...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1S2]GNR[SR]This species is restricted to the high ridge of the Great Smoky Mountains and is probably highly dependent on Spruce-fir Forests and their associated cool, wet, microclimates for its survival. It is t...
Trechus balsamensis
checklist_number: 6011010026.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus balsamensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to balsamensis, Bosquet (2012) includes 21 species in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee. "Closely similar to nebulosus" (Barr, 1962). Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....Waterrock Knob is 6,293', with the summit supporting a stand of Spruce-fir Forest....Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1]GH [G1][SR]NatureServe (accessed 2021-01-20) considers this species to be possibly extinct However, it was recorded in 2004 by Donabauer (2005b) and its current status needs to be determined. As a species known ...
Trechus wayahbaldensis
checklist_number: 6011010067.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus wayahbaldensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and was included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Donabauer (2005b). In addition to wayahbaldensis, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee (Bosquet, 2012)"Body entirely reddish piceous, paler on head, along suture and along border of elytra; elytra shiny with slight bluish lustre; legs entirely pale, contrasting with body; first segments of antenna p...Wayah Bald is 5,342' in elevation and is covered with high elevation hardwoods. ...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]This species is known only from a single, high elevation peak. Like other members of this genus, it is highly likely to be vulnerable to the warming and drying impacts of climate change....
Trechus coweensis
checklist_number: 6011010031.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus coweensis belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Uncifer Species Group by Barr (1979). In addition to coweensis, Bosquet (2012) includes 10 other species in this group, all of which occur in the North Carolina mountains or on the ridges forming the border between North Carolina and Tennessee.Members of this genus generally show too little variation in pattern for standard photographs to be used to identify particular species....The type locality is just below the summit of Yellow Mountain at about 5,000' (Barr, 1979). This mountain lacks Spruce-fir forests and the summit is covered with high elevation oak forest. Barr report...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1][GNR][SR]Trechus coweensis is endemic to a single, high elevation mountain summit in North Carolina where it is highly likely to be vulnerable to warming and drying impacts of climate change....
Trechus thomasbarri
checklist_number: 6011010054.00
One of 82 species in this genus that have been recorded in North America north of Mexico, 42 of which occur in North Carolina (Bosquet, 2012). Trechus thomasbarri belongs to subgenus Microtrechus and is included in the Nebulosus Species Group by Donabauer (2005b). In addition to thomasbarri, 21 other species are included in this group, 18 of which occur in North Carolina and the rest in Tennessee."Distinguished from other species of the nebulosus-group by pale reddish colouration, small eyes, and prominently sharp basal angles of pronotum" (Donabauer, 2005b). Members of this genus generally s...The summit of Haoe Lead is about 4,560' and is covered with hardwood forest...Predatory on small insects and other invertebrates......[S1]GNR[SR]This species is known from just a single specimen. Like other members of this genus, its highly restricted range and occurrence on a high elevation ridgetop makes it highly vulnerable to the warming a...