Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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ACANALONIIDAE Members: NC Records

Acanalonia pumila - No Common Name


No image for this species.
Taxonomy
Family: ACANALONIIDAE
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A very small member of this genus, tiny compared to the other Acanalonias. The vertex (head) gradually rounds from the eyes, and the costal margin of the wing is narrowly reflexed; the wings are heavily reticulared (UDEL). The 5th instar nymph of this species (which has been described) has a broad, nearly straight (or flat) head; the vertex is nearly twice as broad as long, and the face has an irregular row of sensory pits near each margin (FLEN). The eyes are large and prominent, with ocelli lacking. The nymph appears hump-backed, with sensory pits covering various parts of the whole body. Nymphs are pale cream to brownish in color, with a mottled appearance. The penultimate instars are strongly mottled and marked with light to dark brown. Nymphs are 3.9 mm long. For more information on the nymphs, including some drawings, see: FLEN.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Southeastern United States; also Bermuda, Cuba and the Isle of Pines, and Mona Island off Puerto Rico (FLEN); also Bahamas
Abundance: Strictly coastal, recorded from a couple counties in the southeastern portion of the coast; possibly more abundant in other coastal counties. This species has been reported as locally common in coastal sea grasses at times.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Coastal see grasses
Plant Associates: Borrichia arborescens (tree seaside tansy; Asteraceae), Argusia gnaphalodes (sea rosemary; Boraginaceae; as Mallotonia gnaphalodes); Batis maritima (turtleweed; Bataceae) [this is the primary host plant], Salicornia depressa (Virginia glasswort; Chenopodiaceae, as Salicornia virginica), Suaeda linearis (annual sea-blite; Chenopodiaceae) (UDEL)
Behavior:
Comment: This is a very uncommon to rare species; there are few if any specimens of the adult.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank: GNR [G4G5] [SU]
See also Habitat Account for General Tidewater Shorelines and Flats