Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
Scientific Name: Search Common Name:
Family (Alpha):
« »
CIXIIDAE Members: NC Records

Melanoliarus ecologus - No Common Name



© Solomon Hendrix

© Solomon Hendrix

© Solomon Hendrix
Taxonomy
Family: CIXIIDAETribe: Pentastirini
Taxonomic Author: (Caldwell, 1947)
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide, GBIF                                                                                  
Description: A small species, with males ranging from 3.7 to 4.5 mm long. The vertex and mesonotum are piceous (glossy brown to black) in most specimens, fuscous in others; the carinae of the mesonotum ranges from concolorous to a dull orange in most specimens, black or dark brown in others. The vertex is narrow, with the median length distinctly larger than the width at the apex of the posterior emargination. The face is piceous or fuscous with prominent carinae that are orange or yellow. The wings lack large spots or bands but have suffusion around the apical crossveins, with the membrane typically with a slightly dusky color though glossy clear in some specimens. The wing venation is typically pale, becoming brown apically. (Mead & Kramer, 1982)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Eastern and central United States (UDEL)
Abundance: Recorded from a couple counties in the Piedmont; should also be found in the mountains, as extensively collected from GSMNP across the state line.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Floodplain woods, prairie meadow, etc. (Mead & Kramer, 1982)
Plant Associates: "Nymphs of cixiids are subterranean, feeding on roots and possibly fungi. The significance of adult host records is unclear. Many cixiids are presumed to be polyphagous (as adults), most often on woody plants." (UDEL)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: Mead & Kramer (1982) note that this species is probably univoltine, meaning it has a single brood. They also noted that this species does not closely resemble any other members of the genus in the Nearctic and could potentially be an example of Carolinian Fauna that evolved in the southern Appalachian Mountains.

That being said, visually it is closest to M. ecologus and M. sablensis, and therefore specimens need to be dissected to see the striking differences in genitalia.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Melanoliarus ecologus No Common Name

Photo by: S.T. Dash
Out Of State Co.
Comment: UDCC_TCN 00003016rncoll. S.T. Dash; sweeping milkweedrndet. C.R. Bartlett
Photo by: S.T. Dash
Out Of State Co.
Comment: UDCC_TCN 00003016rncoll. S.T. Dash; sweeping milkweedrndet. C.R. Bartlett
Photo by: S.T. Dash
Out Of State Co.
Comment: UDCC_TCN 00003016rncoll. S.T. Dash; sweeping milkweedrndet. C.R. Bartlett