Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CIXIIDAE Members: NC Records

Melanoliarus ecologus - No Common Name


No image for this species.
Taxonomy
Family: CIXIIDAE
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A small species, with males ranging from 3.7 to 4.5 mm long. The vertex and mesonotum are piceous (glossy brown to black) in most specimens, fuscous in others; the carinae of the mesonotum ranges from concolorous to a dull orange in most specimens, black or dark brown in others. The vertex is narrow, with the median length distinctly larger than the width at the apex of the posterior emargination. The face is piceous or fuscous with prominent carinae that are orange or yellow. The wings lack large spots or bands but have suffusion around the apical crossveins, with the membrane typically with a slightly dusky color though glossy clear in some specimens. The wing venation is typically pale, becoming brown apically. (Mead & Kramer, 1982)
Distribution in North Carolina
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Distribution: Eastern and central United States (UDEL)
Abundance: Recorded from a couple counties in the Piedmont; should also be found in the mountains, as extensively collected from GSMNP across the state line.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Floodplain woods, prairie meadow, etc. (Mead & Kramer, 1982)
Plant Associates: "Nymphs of cixiids are subterranean, feeding on roots and possibly fungi. The significance of adult host records is unclear. Many cixiids are presumed to be polyphagous (as adults), most often on woody plants." (UDEL)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: Mead & Kramer (1982) note that this species is probably univoltine, meaning it has a single brood. They also noted that this species does not closely resemble any other members of the genus in the Nearctic and could potentially be an example of Carolinian Fauna that evolved in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
Status: Native
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