Hoppers of North Carolina:
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DELPHACIDAE Members: NC Records

Chionomus puellus - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- macropter

© Kyle Kittelberger- macropter

© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter, male

© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter, female
Taxonomy
Family: DELPHACIDAESubfamily: DelphacinaeTribe: DelphaciniSynonym: Delphacodes puella
Taxonomic Author: (Van Duzee, 1897)
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A brown to dark brown species with a couple key characteristics: the white ring around the thorax and the black spots down the middle of the wings. However, there is variation with the white ring; some individuals can have a faint ring or not have it at all. Otherwise, the pronotum is black as is the mesonotum (which appears shiny), abdomen, underside of the body, and frons; the carinae of the frons are stramineous to cream in color, and the antennal segments and legs are pale. The wings have a dark mark at the apex of the clavus. Brachypterous males resemble the coloration of macropters but have a bit of variation in body color, ranging from brown to black. Female macropters are much paler than males, being light brown overall but still showing the characteristic black spot on the wings. Note that in the brachypters for this species, the wings typically reach the tip of the abdomen. Macropterous males are around 3.0 mm with a body that is 1.5-1.8 mm long, while females are 3.1 mm with a body that is 1.8-2.2 mm; brachypterous males are 1.4-1.6 mm long while females are 1.6-2.0 mm. (Weglarz & Bartlett, 2020)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Transcontinental, found throughout the United States and Ontario; also Belize, Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. The most common Delphacid species in the eastern United States. (Weglarz & Bartlett, 2020)
Abundance: Very common, probably the most common Delphacid in the state.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Grassy, brushy areas and forest edge or open forest; also mesic to wet areas
Plant Associates: Gramineous plants, including Galinsoga parviflora and witchgrass (Panicum capillare); probably polyphagous and also reported [association may be unclear for some] from Abelia sp., European alder (Alnus glutinosa), redroot amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus), common milkweed (Asclepiaas syriaca), wavy hairgrass (Deschampsia flexuosa), alfalfa (Medicago sp.), swamp smartweed (Persicaria hydropiperoides), post oak (Quercus stellata), black willow (Salix nigra), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), grape (Vitis spp.) (Weglarz & Bartlett, 2020)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: The macropterous form is much more common than the brachypterous form. (DuBose)

This species is closely allied with C. bellicosus (California) and C. pacificus. Additionally, some macropters of C. puellus could be confused with Flavoclypeus andromedus, but note that F. andromedus has red on the base of the wings and parts of the body.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Chionomus puellus No Common Name

Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/92620095
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/80971323
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78612000
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/76627909
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Field with sweetgum edge habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Field with sweetgum edge habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Field with sweetgum edge habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Riverine edge, grassy/brushy habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Riverine edge, grassy/brushy habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Riverine edge, grassy/brushy habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping, Short Winged Form
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping . Darker Form. IAW Bugguide The dark wing spot is distinctive.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches; short and long-winged individuals, including a pale specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn; from CB: "probable, but there is reason to question it - namely that brachypters normally have the wings to the end of the abdomen. I don't see any other likely options"
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn; from CB: "probable, but there is reason to question it - namely that brachypters normally have the wings to the end of the abdomen. I don't see any other likely options"
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy lawn; from CB: "probable, but there is reason to question it - namely that brachypters normally have the wings to the end of the abdomen. I don't see any other likely options"
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, open area with shrubby vegetation and mixed forest nearby
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, open area with shrubby vegetation and mixed forest nearby
Photo by: Amanda Auxier
Pender Co.
Comment: Macropter.
Photo by: Amanda Auxier
Pender Co.
Comment: Macropter.
Photo by: F. Williams, S. Williams
Gates Co.
Comment: MEMI
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Camden Co.
Comment: DISW
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: uv light
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3 mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3 mm
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28970636
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Came to UV light. Yard near woods.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Came to UV light. Yard near woods.
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209190
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209213
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209213
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31501662
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31501656
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31501640
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31585270
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32436050
Photo by: Mark Shields
Onslow Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660705
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660705
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345625
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33395690
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501683
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501683
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501678
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501678
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501677
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33822233
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33822231
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: came to UV light in wooded residential neighborhood along with full-length individuals
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/35900501
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36033626
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36033628
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36033628
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36480425
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37048517
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37923876
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37923871
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37923874
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37923874
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38482637
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38482637
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38482625
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/38482625
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/43963107
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/44789467
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47920822
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47920822
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50092538
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/51144641
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 2.7 mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 2.7 mm
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/54210969
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/54451490
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/54451490
Photo by: Erich Hofmann
New Hanover Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/59335665
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/61972664
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045649
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045649
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045647
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045647
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045644
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63045644
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/64184215
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841926
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841917
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841917
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841917
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841917
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65841912
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36033640 - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34846278 - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34846278 - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31319225 - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28451145 - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28451138 - unid_planthopper