Hoppers of North Carolina:
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DELPHACIDAE Members: NC Records

Pissonotus albovenosus - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- macropter

© Kyle Kittelberger- note face pattern

© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter, male

© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter, female
Taxonomy
Family: DELPHACIDAESubfamily: Delphacinae
Taxonomic Author: Osborn, 1935
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A fairly distinctive member of this genus, with cream-colored wing venation. The abdomen and thorax are dark with cream tints in areas. Note that there is a bold white band across the base of the frons, above a black clypeus (lower part of the face); the rest of the face is black with some pale spots. The first antennal segment is also black. While adults are typically brachypterous, they can be macropterous, lacking the characteristic wing venation and tending to have darker bodies. See here and here for images of a macropterous individual. For a nice set of images showing the life cycle of P. albovenosus with the fourth and fifth instars and adult stages, see: BG. Adult brachypterous males are around 2.29 mm long, while females are around 2.75 mm; macropterous males are around 3.05 mm long while females are around 3.40 mm. (Bartlett, 2000)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern United States; also Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Mexico, and Puerto Rico (UDEL)
Abundance: Found in the Coastal Plain and perhaps elsewhere. Has been found to be present in North Carolina in Distichlis communities from May 11 to November 13, and in Juncus communities in all months except March. (Bartlett, 2000)
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Most abundant in coastal tidal marshes, but also found inland.
Plant Associates: Iva frutescens (Jesuit's bark); Lygodesmia grandiflora (largeflower skeletonplant); Borrichia frutescens (bushy seaside tansy) (Asteraceae) (UDEL); from Juncus roemerianus and Distichlis spicata in NC salt marshes (Bartlett, 2000)
Behavior:
Comment: Compare this species with the similar P. aphidoides, which has a similar color pattern.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Pissonotus albovenosus No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: marsh grass: black needlerush, spartina, etc.; female
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: marsh grass: black needlerush, spartina, etc.; female
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: macropter, 4.0 mm, female found in spartina; brachypter found in grass