Hoppers of North Carolina:
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ISSIDAE Members: NC Records

Thionia bullata - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- note vertex length and width

© Kyle Kittelberger

© Kyle Kittelberger- nymph
Taxonomy
Family: ISSIDAESubfamily: Issinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A brownish species with dark wing markings, usually with a prominent "U" or torus-shaped dark mark near the rear of the wings. This species has a characteristic vertex (top of the head) that is slightly longer than wide when viewed dorsally, and relatively flat (sometimes with slighly raised but parallel lateral margins of the vertex) when viewed from the front. Adults are 6.4 to 7.6 mm long (UDEL). Nymphs are greenish overall, with two golden stripes going down the middle of the back. The sides of the body are dark-brown to blackish in color, distinctive for this species. For more information about the nymphs and their various instar stages, see W & W 1988.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern and central North America
Abundance: Recorded across the state, with a majority of records from the Piedmont where it is uncommon to locally common. Probably more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Found in grassy, shrubby areas and mixed hardwood forest edge; where plant associates are located.
Plant Associates: Described from Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine, Pinaceae), P. echinata (Shortleaf pine), P. virginiana (Virginia pine) (UDEL); also reported from oaks (Quercus) and Sweetgum
Behavior:
Comment: This species can be most similar to T. elliptica. Charles Bartlett notes "elliptica has a much shorter vertex (described as wider than long) and bullata is slightly longer than wide; also in frontal view elliptica has the lateral margins of the vertex keeled, whereas in frontal view bullata is essentially flat. Elliptica is also more robust than bullata" (BG). This species is also similar to the adults of T. quinquata, which have a more angled, chevron-like vertex.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Thionia bullata No Common Name

Photo by: Erich Hofmann and Kayla Weinfurther
Craven Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Erich Hofmann and Kayla Weinfurther
Craven Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5.8 mm, dead, stuck on a tree band on Willow Oak
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5.8 mm, dead, stuck on a tree band on Willow Oak
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5.8 mm, dead, stuck on a tree band on Willow Oak
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5.8 mm, dead, stuck on a tree band on Willow Oak
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 6.8 mm male on knee-high vegetation at edge of detention basin
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 6.8 mm male on knee-high vegetation at edge of detention basin
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Hunter Phillips, Cathy Songer
Wayne Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Randy L Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: hanging on sheet.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Charles Bartlett notes "One thing that is interesting on that specimen is that there is a dark almost-donut-shaped (torus-shaped) marking in the distal part of the forewing - Metcalf (1923) interpreted specimens marked this way as Thionia ocellata Melichar (from Mexico); but I am sure it is just bullata with a dark wing marking." Found near a field with a sweetgum edge.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy and field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Charles Bartlett notes "One thing that is interesting on that specimen is that there is a dark almost-donut-shaped (torus-shaped) marking in the distal part of the forewing - Metcalf (1923) interpreted specimens marked this way as Thionia ocellata Melichar (from Mexico); but I am sure it is just bullata with a dark wing marking." Found near a field with a sweetgum edge.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Gates Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and mixed hardwood, cypress forest
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B Bockhahn
Stanly Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Gates Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and mixed hardwood, cypress forest
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Vance Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest, open forest, grassy patches
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Charles Bartlett notes "One thing that is interesting on that specimen is that there is a dark almost-donut-shaped (torus-shaped) marking in the distal part of the forewing - Metcalf (1923) interpreted specimens marked this way as Thionia ocellata Melichar (from Mexico); but I am sure it is just bullata with a dark wing marking." Found near a field with a sweetgum edge.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Charles Bartlett notes "One thing that is interesting on that specimen is that there is a dark almost-donut-shaped (torus-shaped) marking in the distal part of the forewing - Metcalf (1923) interpreted specimens marked this way as Thionia ocellata Melichar (from Mexico); but I am sure it is just bullata with a dark wing marking." Found near a field with a sweetgum edge.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: Charles Bartlett notes "One thing that is interesting on that specimen is that there is a dark almost-donut-shaped (torus-shaped) marking in the distal part of the forewing - Metcalf (1923) interpreted specimens marked this way as Thionia ocellata Melichar (from Mexico); but I am sure it is just bullata with a dark wing marking." Found near a field with a sweetgum edge.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy and field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy and field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy and field-type habitat