Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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Cicadellidae Members: NC Records

Penthimia floridana - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- male, note head shape

© Kyle Kittelberger- male

© Bo Sullivan- male, note head extends past eye

© Bo Sullivan- note strongly produced head
Taxonomy
Family: CicadellidaeSubfamily: DeltocephalinaeTribe: Penthimiini
Taxonomic Author: (Lawson, 1933)
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A somewhat dark species, ranging from reddish brown to black, with a rounded body profile. Males are darker than females, which tend to be orange rather than blackish. The apical cells of the wings are hyaline. The vertex is broadly rounded and is around two-thirds as long as the basal width between the eyes. Notably, the vertex is strongly produced, projecting well past the eyes (when viewed from the side). Dorsally, the head is long and somewhat triangular in shape with a rounded apex. The female pregenital sternite has the posterior margin shallowly excavated on either side of a short median truncate process. Male subgenital plates are broad and triangular. Adults are 4.5-5.0 mm long. (DeLong 1942)

Nymphs are orange with the characteristic produced head profile of the adults.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Southeastern United States, found primarily in Florida and Georgia; it was described from Florida. This species is rarely encountered.
Abundance: Uncommon; recorded from several counties in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont, but no recent records.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats:
Plant Associates:
Behavior:
Comment: NOTE: This genus is very unique among the leafhoppers in the area, as it does not look like a typical leafhopper and instead resembles a spittlebug (in particular Clastoptera). However, note that there are spines on the sides of the legs, which spittlebugs lack.

This species is very similar to P. americana but can be distinguished several ways. Penthimia floridana is a smaller species than americana, being 4.5-5.0 mm long compared to 5.0-6.0 mm, respectively. The pregenital sternite of floridana is also not as long as that of americana. Most notably though, floridana has a much longer and differently-shaped head compared to americana: it noticeably extends past the eyes in floridana, which is not the case in americana. Furthermore, the head of floridana is more triangular in shape, prominently extending past the eyes in dorsal view; in americana, the head is shorter and more of a blockish, pentagonal-shape.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Penthimia floridana No Common Name

Photo by: Scott Bolick
Pender Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Pender Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Pender Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Pender Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Pender Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Bo Sullivan
Carteret Co.
Comment: male
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment: NCSU specimens; nymph
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment: NCSU specimens; male
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment: NCSU specimens; male
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment: NCSU specimens; male