Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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Cicadellidae Members: NC Records

Eratoneura noncuspidis - No Common Name

© Kyle Kittelberger- note red oblique marks

© Kyle Kittelberger- note pronotum & vertex line
Family: CicadellidaeSubfamily: TyphlocybinaeTribe: Erythroneurini
Taxonomic Author: (Beamer, 1931)
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A pale species that is yellowish-white overall, with a dark orange to reddish color pattern. The vertex has a prominent, dark orange to red midline that appears as a longitudinal line; sometimes there are markings to the side of this line. There is a bold, thick dark orange to red line on the pronotum, directly beneath the one on the vertex; the sides of the pronotum are also reddish-orange. The scutellum is largely yellowish-white, except for a bold dot at the apex and outer margins of the lateral triangles, which are all reddish-orange. The color markings on the wings are thin and oblique; there is a pair of black dots near the tips, and the crossveins at the start of the apical cells are orange-red. The face and underside of the thorax are pale. Adults are 2.9-3.0 mm long. (3I)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern United States (3I)
Abundance: A single record from the Coastal Plain, probably more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest/open forest.
Plant Associates: Toxicodendron radicans, Quercus falcata (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: There are several other Eratoneura species found in the eastern United States that have a similar color pattern, with a noticeable line across much of the pronotum and on the vertex. These other species that could be confused with E. noncuspidis are as follows:

- E. emquu- a dark orange species with a prominent pattern, similar to E. noncuspidis but also different. The shape of markings on the wings are different, with thicker, more block-shaped markings contrasting with the thinner, olbique markings of E. noncuspidis. The pronoutm has a bold Y-shaped mark, with an orange bar on the lateral margins. The vertex has a bold orange line, and there are often lateral branches that give this species as cross-shaped mark. This species has so far only been recorded from Gulf Coast states. For images that are likely this species, see: BG.

- E. ellisi- has a pale midline on the vertex and a distinct Y-shaped mark on the pronotum

- E. gilletei- has a prominent orange midline on the vertedx that extends down across the pronotum and onto the anterior middle of the scutellum; this gives the hopper a bold lined appearance. The orange wing markings near the wing tips are also different and appear clustered

- E. lamucata- has similarly dark red markings to E. noncuspidis, but markings extending from base on wings are more straight rather than pointed (with arrow-shaped tips). Markings on the vertex and pronotum are not as dark or extensive either. So far only found in the Midwest

- E. retusa- a slender species, with a somewhat long, pointed head. Markings are orange (rather than reddish) and a bit broader than in E. noncuspidis. Scutellum is yellowish-orange, and the mark on the pronotum is more Y-shaped than a straight line. Mostly recorded from Florida.

- E. omani- similar to E. retusa in color and pattern, though not as slender. Pronotum has a prominent Y or M-shaped mark. Not yet recorded from east of the Missisippi River valley.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura noncuspidis No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf, Brian Bockhahn
Halifax Co.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf, Brian Bockhahn
Halifax Co.