Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for White Clover - Trifolium repens   L.
Members of Fabaceae:
Members of Trifolium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Fabales » Family Fabaceae
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DistributionThroughout the state; no doubt in every county.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. throughout except Arctic regions.
AbundanceGenerally abundant.
HabitatRoadsides, lawns and yards, fields, meadows, clearings, disturbed ground, crop fields, campuses.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting February-November.
IdentificationWhite Clover is even more widespread and well-known than Red Clover (T. pratense). It differs fundamentally from our other clovers in its creeping stems (rooting at some nodes), from which long leaf stalks and flower stalks independently arise. The leaflets sport a whitish arc, much narrower than the chevron of Red Clover. The flowers are white. This is probably the most familiar lawn plant to most people, especially when the white heads of flowers are visible.
Taxonomic CommentsTrifolium is a large genus of some 240-250 species globally, mostly north-temperate zone. Most are readily recognized as a clover by their 3 broad leaflets and globular to hemispherical head of densely-packed flowers. Flowers vary from white to pink, and red; the hop clovers have tiny yellow flowers. Some species were introduced for their forage value for livestock, others hitched a ride with hay, packing material, etc. Our two native species -- T. carolinianum and T. reflexum -- have suffered great loss of habitat and are now rare.
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieRoadside, Piedmont, May 2015. MoorePhoto_non_natural
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