Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Siberian Elm - Ulmus pumila   L.
Members of Ulmaceae:
Members of Ulmus with account distribution info or public map:
Google Images
Section 6 » Order Urticales » Family Ulmaceae
Show/Hide Synonym
DistributionSo far, known only from 3 counties: Jackson County, at least 2 places -- 1981 and 1986; McDowell County in 1975; and Moore County in 2020. Other collections from Buncombe, Cumberland, Dare, Polk, and Randolph counties are from cultivated plants.

Native of Asia; in N.A. -- N.B. to Ont., south to FL, TX, and CA.
AbundanceVery rare.
HabitatRoadside border of woods, powerline, wooded slope above creek.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting March-May.
IdentificationThis elm can reach 90 feet in its native range, but probably not so tall in NC. Leaves are narrowly ovate to elliptic, 2-6.5 cm long, the base a little oblique or not, margins singly serrate. Flowers occur in fascicles of 6-15; fruits are orbiculate, 10-14 mm in diameter. U. parvifolia has been reported for NC; it also has small leaves, but they are definitely oblique at the base; it flowers in late summer-fall.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
Select a source
Select an occurrence type