Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare   P. Miller
Members of Apiaceae:
Only member of Foeniculum in NC.
Google Images
Section 6 » Order Apiales » Family Apiaceae
Show/Hide Synonym
AuthorP. Miller
DistributionScattered across the state, with a few big gaps which probably represent the vagaries of collecting. First collected in 1897 at Wrightsville, New Hanover County; then in 1915 at Chapel Hill in Orange County.

Native of Mediterranean Europe; in N.A. throughout most of the U.S. and southern Canada, except the northern Midwest and the Rocky Mountains.
AbundanceUncommon in the Piedmont and outer Coastal Plain; rare in the Mountains and inner Coastal Plain.
HabitatWaste ground, weedy lots, sandy coastal banks, roadsides, railroad.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-September.
IdentificationFennel is a glabrous, glaucescent plant 3-6 feet tall that has the odor of anise. The leaves are very broad in outline, but quite finely dissected into filiform segments. Flowers are yellow in broad flat-topped umbels. It resembles Dill (Anethum graveolens), but it lacks a wing on the fruit and the scent is of anise (vs. of dill) -- helpful if you know what anise and dill smell like! Both species are commonly planted in gardens to provide a hostplant for caterpillars of the Black Swallowtail.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
Select a source
Select an occurrence type