Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for American Fly-honeysuckle - Lonicera canadensis   Bartram ex Marshall
Members of Caprifoliaceae:
Members of Lonicera with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Dipsacales » Family Caprifoliaceae
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AuthorBartram ex Marshall
DistributionStrictly in the Mountains, occurring from the VA border nearly to the southwestern corner, but no records known for several counties.

This is a Northern species that ranges over southern Canada south to PA and MN, and then south in the Appalachians to extreme northern GA.
AbundanceRare. The species is designated as Significantly Rare by the NC NHP.
HabitatThis species prefers wet or damp ground, but mainly in forested areas, including margins of bogs, swamps, and cool moist forests. It is occasionally found in upland forests, but mostly where moist/humid and in cool microhabitats. Because it is found mainly in middle and high elevations, such wet or damp habitats are rather scarce and localized.
PhenologyBlooms in May and June; fruits in June and July.
IdentificationThis is a fairly small deciduous shrub that grows to about 3 feet tall. It has opposite, ovate leaves with entire margins (but with a ciliate fringe) and a rounded tip, growing to about 2.5 inches long. This shrub has unusual twin/paired, dangling cream or pale yellow flowers that are trumpet-shaped. The fruits are red berries that are twinned/paired as well. Several exotic honeysuckle species also have ovate, opposite leaves with rounded tips, and thus you may need to see flowers or fruits for identification, unless its swampy habitat is used for identification. (No native shrubs should be confused with this species.)
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)American Honeysuckle, Canadian Fly-honeysuckle
State RankS2
Global RankG5
State StatusSR-P
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
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