Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Dangleberry - Gaylussacia frondosa   (L.) Torrey & A. Gray ex Torrey
Members of Ericaceae:
Members of Gaylussacia with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Ericales » Family Ericaceae
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Author(L.) Torrey & A. Gray ex Torrey
DistributionOccurs in essentially every county in the Coastal Plain and southeastern Piedmont. Absent from the Mountains and nearly all of the western Piedmont; spotty occurrence in the central Piedmont. Ranges west to Stokes, Rowan, and Union counties.

The species, despite its abundance across the eastern Carolinas, has a fairly narrow east-west range, and seemingly does not even occur in GA. It ranges north in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions to much of NY and to NH.
AbundanceVery common to abundant throughout the Coastal Plain. Frequent in much of the southeastern half of the Piedmont, though more local in northern Piedmont counties, near the VA border. It can occur in very extensive stands.
HabitatThis species occurs in more mesic and moist sites than does Gaylussacia dumosa, though both can occur together. It favors flatwoods in the Coastal Plain, streamhead pocosin ecotones in the Sandhills, and rather dry forests, in acidic soils. In the Piedmont it occurs in dry upland forests, at times with Gaylussacia baccata (where they can be easily confused).
PhenologyBlooms from late March to May; fruits from June to August.
IdentificationThis is a somewhat low-growing, deciduous shrub that can cover extensive areas in dry or mesic forests. Its typical height is about 2-3 feet tall. Though it has leaves similar in shape to those of G. baccata (i.e., entire and elliptical with a rounded tip), Dangleberry has somewhat glaucous (pale green) leaves that are typically quite pale below. If in doubt, squeeze a leaf between your fingers and note the yellow sticky resin below (but not above), or rub a leaf on a piece of white paper to see the yellow smear from the underside of the leaf. Gaylussacia baccata is glandular/sticky on the both leaf surfaces. The sticky glands on the leaf undersides will separate the species and genus from similar ericads such as Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), which do not contain glands on the leaves; most Vacciniums also have leaves with pointed tips.
Taxonomic CommentsIt is often considered to have several varieties, and if treated as such, then it is named as G. frondosa var. frondosa. Recent treatments, however, split out former varieties to full species, especially G. tomentosa.

Other Common Name(s)Blue Huckleberry is a frequently used name.
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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B.A. SorrieHolly Shelter Game Land, July 1995. PenderPhoto_natural
B.A. SorrieSandhills Game Land, moist flatwoods, early May 2008.
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