Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Elliott's Blueberry - Vaccinium elliottii   Chapman
Members of Ericaceae:
Members of Vaccinium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Ericales » Family Ericaceae
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DistributionNearly limited to the Coastal Plain, and barely into the eastern edge of the Piedmont. However, absent from far eastern counties, including nearly all surrounding Albemarle and Pamlico sounds.

This is a Southern species that, not surprisingly, ranges north only to southeastern VA, and then north only to central AR. It ranges south to the Gulf Coast from central FL to eastern TX.
AbundanceFairly common to common in most of the Coastal Plain, but infrequent in the eastern third of the province. In the Sandhills it is common along Little River and tributaries. It is quite rare in the eastern Piedmont.
HabitatThis is a species of moist to wet forested interiors, especially bottomlands and the drier portions of swamps. It also occurs on levees, and banks and terraces of creeks and rivers. It is not tied to strongly acidic soils, such as around pocosins or bays, as are some other Coastal Plain blueberries.
PhenologyBlooms in March and April, as the leaves expand; fruits in May and June.
IdentificationThis is a deciduous to tardily deciduous shrub with noticeably small leaves, growing only to about 3-8 feet tall. The leaves are somewhat thick and shiny dark green above, giving an appearance of an evergreen species; they are elliptic in shape and average only about 3/4-1-inch long. This species should be easily recognizable by its “tiny” yet shiny leaves – usually much smaller than most other shrubs growing in a swamp, bottomland, or river terrace or levee.
Taxonomic CommentsEssentially none

Other Common Name(s)Mayberry is a frequently used name. However, such a colloquial name shows no relationship to a particular group of plants (i.e., to blueberries in this case), and it is likely in use for some other plants, as well.
State RankS4
Global RankG5
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B.A. SorrieMixed pine-oak slope by a reservoir, McDuffie County, GA, late march 2022. Photo_non_NCPhoto_non_NC
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