Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Small's Black-snakeroot - Sanicula smallii   Bicknell
Members of Apiaceae:
Members of Sanicula with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Apiales » Family Apiaceae
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DistributionEssentially throughout the Piedmont and most of the Coastal Plain, except for the far eastern counties. In the Mountains, only in the southern half.

This is a somewhat Southern species, ranging from central VA west to MO, and south to northern FL and eastern TX.
AbundanceFairly common to common in the central and eastern Piedmont. Infrequent to fairly common in the western Piedmont, and in much of the western and central Coastal Plain. Uncommon to infrequent in the southern half of the Mountains, and rare to absent in parts of the Coastal Plain.
HabitatThis is a species of shady deciduous forests, to mixed forests, in mesic to somewhat rich soil. It is typical of Mesic Mixed Hardwood Forests and other similar forests.
PhenologyBlooms in April, and fruits in May and June.
IdentificationThis is a medium-sized herb growing to about 1.5 feet tall, with some branches in the upper portions. This species typically has 5 palmate leaflets, both basally and along the stem, but in this species these are quite thick and fleshy, dark green (and looking evergreen), with white veins when the leaves are fresh. All of the other four Sanicula species have thin leaves that are not whitened along the veins. The small umbels are held high above the leaves, as in other species, with the tiny flowers having white to greenish petals. This species has the styles no longer than the bristles on the fruits, like two of the other four species. However, biologists should be familiar with, and easily identify, this species owing to its odd leaves -- thick and fleshy with white veins.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Southern Sanicle, Small's Sanicle
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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B.A. SorrieFloodplain of North Fork Jones Creek; 22 April 2024. AnsonPhoto_natural
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