Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Scarlet Wisteria-tree - Sesbania punicea   (Cavanilles) Bentham
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Section 6 » Order Fabales » Family Fabaceae
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Author(Cavanilles) Bentham
DistributionMostly Outer Banks/barrier islands and outer Coastal Plain, inland to the Sandhills of Richmond County.

Native of South America; in N.A. southeastern VA to FL and eastern TX; CA.
AbundanceFrequent, except uncommon to rare in Columbus, Robeson, and Richmond counties.
HabitatMoist to seasonally inundated soils of roadside ditches, disturbed ground, clearings, marshes, interdune swales, impoundments.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-October.
IdentificationThis is a very showy plant in bloom! It grows generally 4-6 feet tall, usually single-stemmed, with ascending branches forming an open crown. The leaves are cut into 6-20 pairs of narrowly elliptical leaflets, the terminal leaflet absent. Flowers grow in a raceme on a long stalk from leaf axil, bright scarlet (to red). The pods are 5-8 cm long, strongly 4-winged, and with a sharp tip.
Taxonomic CommentsAlso known as Daubentonia punicea.

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State RankSE
Global RankG4
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