Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Low Hop Clover - Trifolium campestre   Schreber
Members of Fabaceae:
Members of Trifolium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Fabales » Family Fabaceae
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DistributionThroughout the state, possibly in every county.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. rssentially throughout except a few southwestern states.
AbundanceFrequent to common, more numerous in the Coastal Plain.
HabitatDry to mesic soil of roadsides, clearings, pastures, fields, yard weed, vacant lots, disturbed ground.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting February-October.
IdentificationLow Hop Clover is a short, sprawling plant with small heads of tiny yellow flowers. The standard has 5 diagonal veins versus none or indistinct in Suckling Hop Clover (T. dubium), and the heads have 20-30 flowers (vs. 10-15 or so flowers in that species). Both species are common in the state, so you have ample opportunity to check out the field marks and learn to distinguish them.
Taxonomic CommentsTrifolium is a large genus of some 240-250 species globally, mostly north-temperate zone. Most are readily recognized as a clover by their 3 broad leaflets and globular to hemispherical head of densely-packed flowers. Flowers vary from white to pink, and red; the hop clovers have tiny yellow flowers. Some species were introduced for their forage value for livestock, others hitched a ride with hay, packing material, etc. Our two native species -- T. carolinianum and T. reflexum -- have suffered great loss of habitat and are now rare.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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