Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Low Hop Clover - Trifolium campestre   Schreber
Members of Trifolium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Fabales » Family Fabaceae
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AuthorSchreber
DistributionThroughout the state, possibly in every county.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. Essentially throughout except a few southwestern states.
AbundanceFrequent to common.
HabitatDry to mesic soil of roadsides, clearings, pastures, fields, yard weed, vacant lots, disturbed ground.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting February-October.
IdentificationLow Hop Clover is a short, sprawling plant with small heads of tiny yellow flowers. The standard has 5 diagonal veins versus none or indistinct in Suckling Hop Clover (T. dubium) and heads have 20-30 flowers (vs. 10-15 or so flowers in that species).
Taxonomic CommentsTrifolium is a large genus of some 240-250 species globally, mostly north-temperate zone. Most are readily recognized as a clover by their 3 broad leaflets and globular to hemispherical head of densely packed flowers. Flowers vary from white to pink, and red; the hop clovers have tiny yellow flowers. Some species were introduced for their forage value for livestock, others hitched a ride with hay, packing material, etc. Our two native species -- T. carolinianum and T. reflexum -- have suffered great loss of habitat and are now rare.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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