Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Pecan - Carya illinoinensis   (Wangenheim) K. Koch
Members of Juglandaceae:
Members of Carya with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Juglandales » Family Juglandaceae
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Author(Wangenheim) K. Koch
DistributionMostly Coastal Plain, Sandhills, and Piedmont; also Transylvania County in the Mountains. Collections were made in many other counties, but were taken from cultivated trees or otherwise not definitely escapes.

Native of the Mississippi River basin; planted extensively as a nut tree elsewhere.
AbundanceUncommon, except rare in the Mountains.
HabitatA number of collections are from bottomlands, alluvial woods, swampy woods, river slopes, and rich woods; others from roadside edge of woods, fields, hedgerows, volunteer at industrial park. In its native range it grows in rich bottomland forests.
PhenologyFlowering April-May; fruiting October.
IdentificationPecan is no doubt a familiar orchard tree to many folks. Leaves are distinctive among our many Carya species in having 9-13 (-17) leaflets per leaf. Each leaflet has uneven amounts of blade tissue on either side of the midrib, giving it an unbalanced look, and also giving it a rather falcate look. The ellipsoid fruits are quite familiar.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
Photo Gallery
B.A. SorrieSame data. MoorePhoto_non_natural
B.A. SorriePlantation with saplings at edges, Valley View Road, Niagara, May 2015. MoorePhoto_non_natural
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