Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Georgia Calamint - Clinopodium georgianum   R.M. Harper
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Section 6 » Order Lamiales » Family Lamiaceae
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AuthorR.M. Harper
DistributionOnly in the southern parts of the Coastal Plain, from Pender County on the east to Richmond County (and formerly Anson County) on the west.

This species has a small range, only from southern NC to far western FL and eastern LA. It does occur well north into northern AL and GA, and to western SC.
AbundanceVery rare to rare, and rather highly threatened (by development and by fire suppression) as well. It is a State Endangered species.
HabitatThis species occurs in dry, rocky or sandy places, often where the area is disturbed. Some of the NC sites are along the edges of sandy pinewoods, particularly on roadbanks with thin soil and little woody competition. A few sites are on rocky slopes or bluffs. It does not occur in deep sands in the state, but in thinner soils; thus, it is seldom found in typical Pine/Scrub Oak Sandhill or Xeric Sandhill Scrub natural communities.
PhenologyBlooms and fruits from July to September. Most NC populations bloom in August and September.
IdentificationThis is essentially the only native woody mint species (Family Lamiaceae) in the state. It is a low shrub that grows mostly just 10” to about 1.5’ tall, with usually many stems emanating from the base, producing a wide, bushy look. These stems are typically unbranched or sparsely branched above the base. Leaves are deciduous, opposite, and quite small, mostly only ¾-1” long, with some shallow teeth. The many pink to lavender-pink, mint-like flowers in the leaf axils attract attention in late summer and early fall. Thus, the whole plant can essentially turn “pink” when in full bloom.
Taxonomic CommentsThis plant has been moved around from one genus to another several times in the past 50 or more years, in a very confusing manner. RAB (1968) had it listed as Satureja georgiana. Other references listed it as Calamintha georgiana. Recently, it has been moved to the large genus Clinopodium, as Clinopodium georgianum.

Other Common Name(s)Georgia Basil, Georgia Savory
State RankS1
Global RankG5
State StatusE
US Status
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