Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Henbit Dead-nettle - Lamium amplexicaule   L.
Members of Lamiaceae:
Members of Lamium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Lamiales » Family Lamiaceae
DistributionThroughout the state; probably in every county. First collected in 1884 in Kittrell, Vance County.

Native of Eurasia and north Africa; in N.A. throughout.
AbundanceCommon to abundant in the Piedmont and most of the Coastal Plain; frequent to common in the Mountains. Individual populations can hold thousands of plants and tinge whole fields bright rosy-magenta in early spring.
HabitatDry to mesic, sometimes moist soils of fields, fallow cropfields, pastures, roadsides, campus weed, lawn weed, other disturbed situations. Generally in sunny disturbed places, and thus does not generally displace rare or sensitive native herbs.
See also Habitat Account for Exotic Invaded Habitats
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting January-December, especially in late winter and spring.
IdentificationHenbit is one of those plants that makes an impact, even if the observer does not know what kind of plant it is, as it is so abundant and relatively odd-looking. Narrowly tubular pink to red-purple flowers occur in groups of 3-many, both terminally and in axils of leaflike bracts, which are well-spaced. Below them are well-spaced, long-stalked leaves that are the same shape (rotund, crenate) as the bracts. The lower part of the stem may be prostrate. Purple Dead-nettle (L. purpureum) has a very different gestalt, with ovate, pointed flower bracts that are deflexed and overlap.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)Common Henbit, Greater Henbit; often just called Henbit.
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
Photo Gallery
B.A. SorrieFallow field, Niagara-Carthage Road, March 2015. MoorePhoto_non_natural

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