Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Virginia Bugleweed - Lycopus virginicus   L.
Members of Lamiaceae:
Members of Lycopus with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Lamiales » Family Lamiaceae
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DistributionStatewide, and undoubtedly occurs in all 100 counties, though lacking records for 11 counties scattered over the state.

This is a widespread species in the Eastern U.S., occurring from southeastern Canada south to northern FL and eastern TX. It has been recorded from most counties within this large range.
AbundanceCommon statewide, except fairly common in the far eastern counties. By far the most abundant Lycopus in the state.
HabitatThis species occurs in nearly all freshwater wetland habitats, favoring marshes, ditches, opening in bottomlands, and wet grassy places.
See also Habitat Account for General Herbaceous Wetlands
PhenologyBlooms from July to frost, and fruits shortly after flowering.
IdentificationThis is the standard Lycopus to which all others should be compared, as it essentially occurs in every county in which a less common species is found. It has a slender stem to about 1.5 feet tall, often branched at the base. The many opposite leaves are mainly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, with the blade about 2-3 inches long and about 1-inch wide, with obvious but shallow teeth on the margins. This species has the longest and most obvious petioles to the leaves, with the leaf blade at the base having a concave curve to the petiole, which is slightly winged and often 1/2-1-inch long. The stem has tight whorls of small white flowers in the leaf axils, as do the others in the genus. See other species accounts for more details about separation from this common species. All biologists are familiar with this "default" Lycopus in the state, or at least should be.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Virginia Water-horehound, American Water-horehound
State RankS5
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpOBL link
USACE-empOBL link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieRaven Rock SP, wet powerline near River Road, early Nov 2020. HarnettPhoto_natural

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