Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Clingman's Hedge-nettle - Stachys clingmanii   Small
Members of Lamiaceae:
Members of Stachys with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Lamiales » Family Lamiaceae
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AuthorSmall
DistributionLimited to the Mountains, ranging north to Watauga County and perhaps absent from the extreme southwestern ones; found mainly at high elevations.

This species is limited only to western NC and adjacent TN -- an extreme Southern Appalachian endemic.
AbundanceUncommon from Buncombe County southwest to Cherokee County, and perhaps locally numerous; rare farther northward. The NCNHP considers this as a Significantly Rare species.
HabitatThis species is found in spruce-fir forests, mixed spruce-hardwood forests, boulderfield forests, and northern hardwood forests -- thus, only in high elevation habitats.
See also Habitat Account for General Montane Mesic Forests
PhenologyBlooms from June to August, and fruits from September to October.
IdentificationThis species has distinct and fairly long petioles; and it is one of the few in the genus with cordate to truncate leaf bases, with the paired leaves being ovate in overall shape. The leaf margins are strongly dentate (sharply toothed), as opposed to more shallowly serrated or crenate (rounded teeth) in the similar S. nuttallii and S. cordata. This species has the inflorescence of whorled flowers stiff and thus quite erect, as opposed to more lax and somewhat drooping in S. nuttallii sand S. cordata. Lastly, in this species, the bracts within the inflorescence are reduced upward to the top, whereas in S. nuttallii and S. cordata the bracts are abruptly reduced in the upper portions (to make the inflorescence appear "leafless").
Taxonomic CommentsThis species was first described in 1981. Owing to it not being overly rare, older records of it were certainly considered as another named species.

Stachys is a large and complex genus that is still actively being worked on, and our understanding of the species is slowly being clarified. For interested readers, we recommend journal papers by Nelson (1981, 2008) and by Fleming et al. (2011).
Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS2
Global RankG2
State StatusSR-T
US Status
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USACE-empFAC link
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