Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Scarlet Rosemallow - Hibiscus coccineus   Walter
Members of Malvaceae:
Members of Hibiscus with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Malvales » Family Malvaceae
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DistributionWidely scattered but only 3 counties of collections of escapes -- in Union, Hyde, and New Hanover counties. Specimens from Chatham, Durham, Forsyth, and Wake counties are from cultivated material.

Native of the St. Johns River system of FL and perhaps also southern GA and southern AL. As an escape, found as far north as VA and as far west as TX and AR.
AbundanceVery rare.
HabitatFreshwater marshes, wet roadside depression. The roadside marsh-like habitat in Union County supports many native wetland taxa (Mellichamp, Matthews, and Smithka 1987), but the occurrence here in the NC Piedmont is so far out of range (and not in native riverside habitat) that it must be treated as non-native.
PhenologyFlowering May-August. The flowers are among the largest of any species that occur in NC and one of the showiest in all of N.A.
IdentificationThe tall slender stems (up to 10 feet high), deeply palmate 5-lobed leaves, and brilliant crimson-red flowers (not really scarlet) -- 3-5 inches in diameter -- are unmistakable.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE?
Global RankG4?
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpOBL link
USACE-empOBL link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieLong-established population between road and RR, July 2010. UnionPhoto_non_natural
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