Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Carolina Bristle-mallow - Modiola caroliniana   (L.) G. DonOnly member of Modiola in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Malvales » Family Malvaceae
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Author(L.) G. Don
DistributionScattered in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain. First collected in NC on the campus of UNC Chapel Hill in 1912 by H.R. Totten.

Native of south-central South America (according to FNA); in N.A. MA to PA, KY, and OK, south to FL and TX; also AZ, CA, OR.
AbundanceRare to uncommon on the landscape generally, but may be locally more numerous. Many locations each were documented from campuses of Duke, UNC, and NC State.
HabitatMost records are from lawns and campuses, including at the bases of buildings and in the cracks of walls. Also at parking lots, flower beds, woods edges.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting late March-July.
IdentificationCarolina Bristle-mallow is a creeping plant that roots at the nodes; it may be many-branched and form mats. Leaves are generally semicircular in outline and deeply cut into 5-7 narrow lobes (some leaves may be more rounded and not much cut). The flowers occur on ascending stems, in leaf axils, salmon-red to red-orange and often with a darker center; when in bloom, the small but striking flowers easily catch attention.
Taxonomic CommentsLinnaeus was first to name this plant (as Malva caroliniana) from plants collected in "Carolina", already at that time introduced inadvertently with wool or cotton (FNA).

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